Letters to the Editor: Sino-African Dialogue on Peace and Security, Vital


The Chronicle

Lewis Ndichu, Corresponding

The strengthening of Africa's peace and security architecture should underpin the next phase of its bilateral cooperation with China.

The Dialogue on the Implementation of the China-Africa Peace and Security Initiative was held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on 6 February.

The dialogue was a pioneering step in strengthening the peace and security cooperation of China and Africa, as well as a concrete move to deliver the results of the China-Africa Cooperation Forum 2018 Beijing Summit.

At the summit, President Xi Jinping outlined new measures to strengthen cooperation between Sino-African peace and security and reached an important consensus with African leaders on the launch of the peace and security initiative.

China-Africa relations have for many years been defined by development, but now a conversation to get involved in peace and security issues has gained momentum.

This idea of ​​seeking win-win solutions means that China has an interest in ensuring that its partnership leads to mutual gains.

This partnership will survive as long as China and Africa feel that they are progressing toward their goals in a win-win situation.

African countries have shown interest in the Chinese model of a shared destination community, which addresses the root causes of instability, including poverty and inequality.

For example, the Chinese development model that focused on wealth creation to deal with unemployment is at the heart of Africa's attempt to promote peace and security.

In a speech to the United Nations General Assembly in 2015, President Xi offered US $ 100 million in military assistance over a five-year period to support the African Union's peace and security architecture through the African Readiness Force and African Capacity of Immediate Response to Crises. The FOCAC Summit in Johannesburg reinforced this commitment.

In 2016 and 2017, under the UN Trust Fund for Peace and Development, China earmarked more than $ 11 million for UN projects that included African training to train police and soldiers on peace missions, regional operational analyzes for missions peace and support for the African Union. initiative to manage conflicts in Africa.

In August 2017, China opened its first military base in Djibouti, with about 1,000 soldiers to pursue a peacekeeping mission in the region by 2026.

The Chinese military base has boosted maritime security, facilitated efforts to combat terrorism along the vulnerable coast of Somalia and safeguarded sea routes across the Indian Ocean.

In addition, the China-Africa Defense and Security Forum, held in June last year, has increased the need for a collective regional security approach.

In President Xi's speech at the 2018 summit and the plan of action, China promised to channel investments to a China-Africa Peace and Security Fund, as well as military assistance and 50 law and order, peacekeeping and anti-piracy programs. and counterterrorism.

The basis of China's relations with Africa – its formal commitment to sovereignty, non-interference, equality and mutual respect – formed a striking contrast with that of the West.

China is fully committed to its values ​​of engagement: to play a fair, impartial and positive role in helping Africa build its own peacekeeping capacity; addressing root causes and symptoms of major challenges; and seeking win-win cooperation.

Africa is also eager to identify measures relevant to the implementation of the China-Africa peace and security initiative, in line with Africa's current situation and actual needs.

The Dialogue on the Implementation of the China-Africa Peace and Security Initiative was an appropriate step towards the implementation of the peace and security initiatives agreed at the FOCAC 2018 summit.

– China Daily

Lewis Ndichu is a research and policy analyst at the Africa Policy Institute


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