While 12% of the city's total population is believed to be suffering from diabetes, it was the exponential jump in the number of young patients that could have a strong impact on the city's health, experts pointed out Wednesday on World Diabetes Day.
Ironically, the state also celebrated the "Rassogolla Day" on the same day. It was sad enough that the attention was still not being paid to diabetes, a silent killer, said the doctor endocrinologist of the Hospital Medica Superspecialty, Kaushik Biswas. "Previously, we were concerned about juvenile diabetes, but now a large number of young people under the age of 20 have type II diabetes. This is a concern as it indicates that lifestyle factors have begun to affect our young population. Not just obesity, but also the wrong foods and sedentary habits responsible for juvenile diabetes. This is a dangerous situation because the awareness is low and the sooner you contract the disease, the shorter the life will be, "Mr Biswas said.
Senior pediatric endocrinologist at Apollo Hospital Gleneagles Subrata Dey agreed. "Currently, less than 1% of the population under 16 has diabetes. But most have Type II. A drastic change in lifestyle with rapid urbanization in the last 20 years is responsible. While young people have stayed away from physical activity, their eating habits have changed for the worse. Fast food is now consumed regularly. and the traditional Bengali or Indian diet was rejected. Food delivery applications and withdrawal services make it easy to get tasty but unhealthy foods, "Dey said. He added that the number of Type II young patients was "growing phenomenally" and that there was as yet no real study to evaluate the rate of growth. "We need to have a defined figure and approach the authorities with numbers so that the measures are taken," he said.
Diabetes Awareness and You (DAY), an NGO working to spread awareness about the disease, approached the West Bengal Commission for the Protection of the Rights of the Child, asking it to take action. It was essential in Bengal as the state and the region was more prone to diabetes than the other parts of the country, said some endocrinologists. "The eastern part of India and all of Southeast Asia is prone to diabetes. We need to observe our diet and analyze what we consume. Unfortunately, Kolkata's dietary pattern has become unhealthy, "Dey said.
Experts recommended that 30 minutes of brisk walking and a calorie-conscious diet were a must. "We need a political decision to fight the disease. Or every third child will have diabetes in the next 15 years, "said an endocrinologist.