The Lunar New Year, also known as Xuan Tiet, is the most important traditional festival in China. For over 4,000 years of history, not only ordinary people but also the Royal Family are very respectful and well prepared to receive the first lunar new year. Like the Qing court, although originating from ethnic minorities, but by taking the throne, taking control of the country, the emperors also organized events to celebrate the Lunar New Year and the singular. Many customs familiar in this period were preserved and transmitted until today.
New Year's Day Forbidden City. (Photo: Cung Cung Museum)
1. The Emperor declares the pen in early spring
Putting a pen to write a good and beautiful idea on the first day of the new year is a long-standing custom that many people practice and the Qing Emperor is no exception. Since the Kang Hy period, the kings of the Qing Dynasty have begun to write the words "Phuc" and "Tho" to pray for good fortune in Tet.
The word "Phuc" declares the early spring of King Qianlong (left) and King Kang Hy
2. The emperor gave lucky money to the royal prince and the courtiers
Most kids like Tet, because in those days adults will get lucky money. In the Qing Dynasty, kings also had the custom of giving money to princes, descendants of Bat Ky and courtiers during the Lunar New Year. But at that time, the lucky red packets that the Chinese call "Hong bao" are known by other names as "how big" – the bags of brocades that people usually give each other as in the old dramas. page for gold coins.
"Ha bao" used for lucky money
3. New Year's Eve in the Forbidden City
On the 30th day of the New Year, the Emperor will have to wake up at 3 in the morning. The first thing to do is go to the temples to worship the gods and ancestors, and then join the harem concubines to attend a feast full of flavors. After the family party, the king will return to the palace to rest for a while and continue to join the group with court officials. Of course, at the palace's springtime parties, there is no shortage of fireworks, lanterns and unique dance performances.
The New Year banquet with concubines, mandarins and princesses, princesses is recreated in the movie "The Complete Story".
4. Unconsumed food should not be dumped, but should be … delivered to mandarins
Many Qing emperors in the past have paid close attention to saving the state budget by making many policies to cut costs. However, during the Tet holiday, it is inevitable that the royal palace will eat more delicious and luxurious dishes than usual. In order to limit the waste of resources and money in the state, the emperor will reward these foods for the courtiers in the form of a New Year's reward. This was very popular in the Qing Dynasty, not only in the New Year, but also in the Emperor's regular days.
Painting of Braided Plums from the Imperial Throne of the Imperial Emperor
5. The king was also on the holiday of Tet, but not completely
The famous Qing emperor was "diligent" kings, resting only on rare occasions 365 days a year, but the Lunar New Year is still an occasion for the monarchs to rest. The Lunar New Year of the Qing Dynasty usually begins December 23 and ends on January 20. In these, the emperor began to temporarily "lock" the pen and seal it. However, in fact, people are not always peaceful, in the days of Tet, if there is something urgent, the king has yet to set the tide and deal with hundreds of thousands of jobs like any other day.
(According to Sohu, Thepaper)