Prime Minister: Vietnam should be the center of furniture and furniture in the world



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On November 27, the national online conference summarized the 10th anniversary of the implementation of the 7th Central Resolution on agriculture, farmers and rural areas.

Report on the results of the 10-year implementation of the Three Farmers' Resolution, Deputy Chief of the Central Economic Department Cao Duc Phat said that the Central Committee Secretariat established the Steering Committee of the project "new phase of industrialization – modernization" period 2008-2010 ; Issue directives on the implementation of a series of urgent tasks in the field of agriculture, rural areas, farmers. The National Assembly issued 31 Laws, 11 Resolutions, organized 4 rounds of monitoring related content. The PM also launched the emulation movement "The whole country builds a new field".

According to Phat, with the advent of the entire political system, agriculture has progressed in scale and production. Agriculture has changed strongly to produce internationally competitive goods. Some agricultural products have confirmed their position and competitiveness in the world market. The average income per capita in rural areas increased by 3.5 times, from 9 million VND in 2008 to VND 32 million in 2017. The income gap between urban and rural areas decreased by 2.1 times per year 2008 is 1 , 8 times in 2017. The rate of poor households across the country declines by 1.5% per annum, especially in poor districts, which declines by 4% per year.

The Institute for Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development has also assessed that Vietnam's agricultural exports have developed strongly over the last 10 years. Export turnover of agroforestry products increased from almost US $ 16.5 billion in 2009 to almost US $ 36.4 billion in 2017. The main products include rice, coffee, rubber, rubber and tea products. cashew nuts, wood and wood products, wicker and so on In recent years, agriculture has continuously exported surplus with an average of 8 billion dollars a year in the period 2008-2017.

Agriculture also has a clear change in the structure of export commodities in order to increase the proportion of wood, vegetables, cashew, reducing the proportion of seafood, rice. In the period 2009-2017, Vietnam's agro-forestry products export structure has changed and more market-oriented high demand, such as USA, Japan, Korea, EU, Australia, Canada.

However, the Institute for Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development also stated that Vietnam's agricultural products are exported a lot but the value is low because 50% is in gross form depending on some major markets. The quality of some agricultural products exported by Vietnam does not guarantee hygiene and food safety and the technical requirements of importing countries; not really involved in the overall value chain, the proportion of branded products is low.

The Institute therefore believes that in the future, Vietnam's agriculture will not be able to continue to enjoy its advantages by exploiting natural and cheap resources and must prepare its competitiveness by joining international integration. Vietnam needs to develop agroforestry and fisheries processing industries, develop value chain links and have appropriate insurance policies to deal with the risks; Restructure products to meet world market demand, increase food with high nutritional value, processed food, furniture, organic products …

Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc at the exhibition of agricultural products on 27/11. Photo: VGP

Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc at the exhibition of agricultural products on 27/11. Photograph: VGP

Concluding the meeting, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc said, implementing the resolution tam farmers brought the lives of farmers, no one left behind. Agricultural production has been heavily reformed, better suited to the market mechanism, forming the value chain from production to consumption. There are 50,000 companies working in agriculture and rural areas. "Agriculture has been on the market for four seas," said Phuc.

However, the prime minister said that there are still many shortcomings, although the favorable GDP of agriculture contributes to the economy somewhat. The country has more than 33 million hectares of agricultural land, but the efficiency is not high, the number of agricultural enterprises represents only 1% of the country, mainly small and super small …

"Vietnam's agricultural products are exported mainly raw, unprocessed, the discharge rate is too high, the infrastructure for processing and processing is not good, the use of fertilizers, excessive pesticides," said the Prime Minister, stressing the need to clean Vietnam's agriculture with security and severity. Those who put more fertilizers and pesticides into consumer products.

To further promote the implementation of agriculture, farmers and rural development in the near future, the Prime Minister said that the sustainable use of agricultural, forestry and water resources for agriculture should be used. Response to active weather. The first is to convert rice into industrial crops, aquaculture …

"It is recommended that the Steering Committee recommend to the Politburo, the government which regulates the accumulation of land, to change part of the land area from rice to durian, grapefruit, orange … based on maintaining safety," said the first minister.

He also said that forests and forest areas should be recalculated so that Vietnam is the center of furniture and furniture in the world from the planted forest. In addition to the protection of natural forests, protection forests, it is necessary to calculate not having the status of 14 million hectares of forests, but to contribute to the development of agriculture is low, people living under the forest is difficult.

"Lai Chau, Dien Bien and Dak Nong have large forests and forests, but poverty and deforestation are high. The world's furniture center is expected to be built from planted forests," said the Prime Minister. He told his story in early November to attend the international import festival in China. They say Vietnamese furniture.

The head of government also emphasized the importance of encouraging farmers' self-confidence, as if farmers were reluctant to succeed. President Ho Chi Minh once said that agriculture is the root, the fundamental basis for the development of the country and our rich, our country is rich, agriculture is prosperous, prosperity of our country, the prime minister has suggested the party, the state continues to innovate thinking, awareness in agricultural development, creating breakthroughs and more successful agricultural, rural development.

He said the agricultural economy should integrate deeply, should clearly identify opportunities and challenges in the new situation to propose direction of development strategy. "The world is changing, Asia is competing from wholesale to retail, so we have to do a comparative advantage." The first thing is to overcome the shortcomings, The advance of the digital era in agriculture, such as the Internet, electronic payment …, outweigh the small and fragmented production, "he emphasized.

The head of government also said that it is necessary to develop clean agriculture and organic agriculture from the central to the local level so that people in the world and almost 100 million Vietnamese can feel safe with Vietnamese agricultural products. Male done. Agriculture should also follow the direction of support products because of diseases like diabetes, heart disease, blood pressure, cancer … more and more.

The PM also said that building new rural areas should be comprehensive and in-depth, coupled with the urbanization of environmental protection, bringing material spiritual values ​​to the people, suited to each region. . Currently, the cities and towns of the province have plans to expand to urbanize heavily under the planning of rural areas.

"It's very important to bring farmers back into town," he said, referring to the problem of urban sprawl. Take, service will appear when planning development, "he said.

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