On the occasion of the 65th anniversary of the victory of Dien Bien Phu (May 7, 1954 to May 7, 2019), we spoke with veteran Nguyen Van Chap (90 years old, in the commune of Thach Son, Lam Thao district, Phu ). Tho, Soldiers of the Company 290, Battalion 166, 209 Regiment, 312 Battalion to hear him tell his days with his companions "to cut mountains, sleep in tunnels, beams, and rice" as he participated in the campaign. Dien Bien Phu in 1954.
Veteran veteran said in April 1949 when he was 18 years old, he joined the provincial army, but his stature was small, so he was not involved in fighting, but he had to increase and produce. When Corps 312 returned to troop recruitment in early 1951, he was able to enter the main unit.
"After the training period, I was allowed to carry a gun to participate in the Northwestern campaign in 1952. But at the Battle of Bản So, I was injured and lost my eyes, so I moved to an army of mortars.I am Chi's commissioner, Leader of Field 82, Company 290, Battalion 166, Regiment 209, Union 312 (now 12th Company, 11th Battalion, 209th Regiment, 312th Division, Military Zone 1) "- Former veteran Remember.
Speaking about preparations for the opening battle of the Dien Bien Phu campaign, this veteran recounted: "Join the Dien Bien Phu campaign, after assisting artillery units with artillery on the battlefields, My whole delegation has returned to the army in the mountain range of Ta Leng, where we waited for the departure, and after almost two months of preparation, all the units were eager to fight in the opening match, but only to 312nd I was chosen to attack the base of Him Lam by the Command of the Front, opening the Dien Bien Phu campaign. "
In order to attack this point, the officers and soldiers of Corps 312 were thoroughly understood as a difficult battle, so it was necessary to raise the determination to fight for the first battle, the members of the group all wrote determination, ready to strike. completing the mission on the night of March 13, 1954, not letting the battle last until the next day.
At 12:00 noon on March 12, 1954, by Ta Leng, the Army Veterans unit occupied the battlefield.
"All day around the base of Him Lam, listen to the French speakers coming out:" Dien Bien Phu is an impregnable fortress, you should not listen to Giap's attack and hit him. back to my parents. "But we did not pay attention, the fighting spirit was high, waiting the time of filming, opening the campaign, all day was sunny, but no one shrank. again.
At 17:00 on March 13, 1954, our cannon focused on firing him, from the first series, hit the French command flag. While the cannon is firing at the level, the enemy still has not reacted, the shock units capture the opening door. After more than an hour of fighting, the "Battle and Victory" flag flew at point 3.
At 10:30 p.m. of the same day, point 2 is also under the control of the Vietnamese soldiers. At 23:30, the 312st Corps completed the task of destroying the Him Lam resistance center, killing 300 enemies, capturing 200 names, collecting all weapons and equipment.
"So after more than 5 hours of fighting, our group completely dominated the Him Lam resistance center, creating a strong belief that is spreading rapidly for all of our soldiers." – the 90-year-old excited veteran continued.
After the battle of Him Lam, Veteran Veteran units conducted trench excavations, fortifying fortifications, and surrounding the enemy battlefield. On the night of March 30, 1954, our troops took control of D1 Hill, then joined the defense to stay on E for four days a month.
"The firepower of the unit is organized as follows: At the front is the direct firing cannon of Phung Van Khau, behind me is my 82nd battery and finally a 120mm mortar. My squadron is ordered to control the bridge Muong Thanh did not allow the enemy to cross the bridge to support its eastern subdivision, the whole unit embarked on fortifications urgently and actively and organized the protection squadron of Hill E. The cover, very discreet, the enemy could not detect nor during the day when we did not open fire, this time the infantry and military units fought day and night to forget to dig trenches and tunnels, cutting, fencing, squeezing the reach of the worshipers' troops, resolutely fighting their counter- attacks "- veteran Nguyen Van Chap continued.
According to the Vietnam Veterans, the battle between us and the enemy is extremely fierce. Some "brothers" have floated expression, but education, the timely encouragement of senior officials and teammates, "brethren" were firmly stuck in the head, overcoming difficulties and strengthening. strength and spirit, determined to complete the task.
On the day of the Dien Bien Phu campaign, Vietnam Veteran units retreated to the Ta Leng mountain range with joy and joy as they overcame many difficulties and sufferings, contributing to the great victory of the people. clan.
"Often, without seeing his companions die in his hands"
Do not directly hold a gun to fight like the veteran Nguyen Van Chap, but Mr. Bui Van A (Chief of Nursing of the Dien Bien Phu Campaign 3rd Dynasty) still remembers printing the days with his teammates to look after the soldiers injured in the campaign. Dien Bien Phu.
Mr. An recalled: "My unit is very close to the front, treating the wounded soldiers daily. Treatment team 3 is divided into rooms, I am responsible for the area, when there are wounded soldiers, I take care. rain of trenches, the wound is very dirty when injured, we have to use hot water to wash and first aid, to handle wounds If soldiers are bad, they must move to the other area is heavier, is the area of operation ".
Mr. A continued, his unit worked mainly in trenches and tunnels. The tunnel, where Mr. A's unit operated, was several hundred meters long and 1.4 meters wide. The wounded soldiers have moved from the battlefield to take care of Mr. An's unit. They are usually located in "frog" tunnels and only stay here during the day, then transfer to the lower level.
"56 days and nights of the Dien Bien Phu campaign, there were wounded soldiers from the battlefield every day from 5:00 a.m. We worked without any slack, sometimes due to the lack of tools and remedies, but we had the strength to see the patients die well in your hands "- Mr. A choked.
Evolution: In December 1953, the Politburo and President Ho Chi Minh approved the plan to open the Dien Bien Phu (NE) campaign.
On March 13, 1954, our troops opened the campaign and passed through three waves. In the first phase, from 13 to 17 March, we attacked the northern bases of Him Lam, Independence and Ban Keo.
In the second phase, from March 30 to April 26, we attacked the eastern center of the subdivision, as A1, C1, E1, D1, while cutting the supply line of France, overcoming logistical difficulties.
Phase 3 from 1 to 7/5, we attacked the remaining headquarters and bases, captured the enemy generals and more than 10,000 enemy soldiers, forcing them to surrender.
Results: destroying and capturing 16,200 enemy names, knocking down 62 aircraft, destroying and recovering all weapons and means of war, destroying the base of the enemy
Meaning: Completely overthrowing Na Va's plan, taking a decisive blow to the will to aggression, changed the face of the war, facilitating the diplomatic struggle at the Geneva Conference.