The Women's Lung Cancer Research Association (ICAPEM) has called on health authorities to reinforce prevention and anti-smoking policies following the rise in lung cancer in women.
MADRID And, according to the latest report by the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM), presented on the occasion of the 4th World Cancer Day celebration, for the first time in Spain, lung cancer in women has become the third in incidence.
"The numbers of the latest SEOM report should be a warning cry for health authorities, in the face of a phenomenon that we experts have warned for years about the increase of this tumor among women," said ICAPEM president Javier. of Castro.
In four years, lung cancer in women rose from the more frequent fourth to third, an increase linked to an increase in female tobacco consumption. On the other hand, the incidence of lung tumors in men reflects a downward trend, in parallel with the reduction of male smoking.
"Between 80% and 90% of lung tumors are related to smoking, and we are now seeing the consequences of late incorporation of women into smoking, but if we do not act in time, our girls will be the first generation. of lung exceeds breast cancer as the most common cancer, "said Dr. De Castro.
A few years ago, remember, lung cancer in women barely appeared on the list of the top 10 most frequent tumors. At this point, the organization insisted on the need for health authorities at both the state and regional levels to be "more stringent" under the smoke-free law.
In addition, as the specialist added, we should strengthen and advance smoking prevention policies, targeting the younger ages in which we know that adolescents and young people are initiated into smoking.
In general terms, the number of cancer cases in Spain has increased by 12% since 2015, mainly among women, among which the increase was double among men (17.4% vs. 8%). , 2% for men).
Despite the progress made in treatment in recent years, lung cancer continues to be the cause of higher mortality in both sexes (the first to analyze mortality in men and the second in women after the mother). mortality from lung cancer in women increased by 6.4% compared to the latest SEOM report.
"When we talk about lung cancer, we can not forget that we are talking about a clearly avoidable tumor, preventing these deaths from being in our hands," concluded the president of ICAPEM.