The study involved 700 patients over 18 years old from two units of the Guadalajara Civil Hospital (HGC), of whom 50% had excess fat and metabolic changes and it was found that all were at risk of developing liver damage.
Later, the research team, led by Dr. Arturo Panduro Cerda, coordinator of the Genomic Medicine module of the XXI International Congress on Advances in Medicine (CIAM 2019), focused on the detection of how many people in the population at risk, made up of 350 people, They had liver damage.
Thus, it was found that 25%, or 175 of these people had developed.
According to Panduro Cerda, of people who have excess fat, more than 90% have in the liver.
In Mexico, more than 70% of the population has excess body fat between eight and 10 kilos, which can lead, in addition to cirrhosis, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
The specialist pointed out that the main causes of liver cirrhosis in the population are alcoholism, viral hepatitis, excess fat and obesity.
The latter is known as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and is initially characterized by accumulation of fat in the liver, followed by an inflammatory process.
Panduro Cerda recommended that people with excess fat study to see if they developed liver cirrhosis.
Regarding preventive measures, the specialist stressed the importance of balanced diet and physical exercise.
Meanwhile, Dr. Sonia Román, part of the team, warned that the Mexican population, because of its Amerindian genes, is not adapted to the high consumption of processed foods, in addition to sugars and fats, which is the food to which many are exposed. people
That is why this population is more exposed to the development of diabetes, cirrhosis and cardiovascular diseases. EFE