New ways of replacing the rectors of the National Electoral Council (CNE) received the National Assembly (AN). The fraction of the Cambiemos Movement put "the Statute to appoint new authorities in three months, within the constitutional framework," said Deputy Jose Antonio Spain.
Spain explained that what is sought is "to persuade and not to impose a proposal". The two parliamentary factions, the minority groups, all together, will make this proposal. The Electoral Statute reaches an impartial and balanced CNE and free elections in Venezuela. "
He said that the "Statute allows cutting the lapses and for this a political agreement is needed, to open the causes and overcome the deep crisis that the Venezuelans suffer, opening the doors to partial agreements." The CNE is the first step of the route of successive partial agreements that produce results, "he said.
The proposal is in line with what was proposed by the second vice-president of the AN, Stalin González, who said that since January the work of appointing a new CNE has been done, and that from 100 days can be reduced to 57 cutting deadlines. "It is not a matter of cutting the deadlines of the people and the electoral process as such, but of the bureaucracy, for example, by opening the Electoral Register with a month of opening both inside and outside, we would need a minimum of six months to complete the process" .
According to González, changing the rectors of the CNE is a fundamental part, but "we want to advance a reform in the Law of Electoral Processes to ensure that the vote abroad is given without any type of alcabala". Our Constitution says that every Venezuelan over 18 enrolled in the Electoral Register has the right to vote, so the PSUV has reformed the law and placed the alcabala who must have a valid passport and residence in the country where it is, that the Constitution does not say that, we want to reform this and to make a census of how many Venezuelans actually exist outside the country and with the EU and the OAS to open the technical monitoring to open the registry in those places when we appoint the new Electoral Power … "González told the media last March.
In December 2016, Parliament was about to approve the election of the rectors, but this was not achieved thanks to the lack of three members of Un Nuevo Tiempo who did not attend the session. A total of 109 Members, representing two-thirds of Parliament, were required to vote, and only 106 were in attendance. The then secretary of the National Assembly, Roberto Marrero, said that "there were only 106 MPs, all of MUD and the vote could not be made", and that until that day, December 15, it was time to carry out the process.
The Supreme Court had appointed Socorro Hernández and Tania D & # 39; Amelio two days earlier on December 13, who are in their second seven-year term in Electoral Power, as well as Tibisay Lucena and Sandra Oblitas. The newest face in the rectory of the organism is Luis Emilio Rondón.
Deputy José Luis Pirela, from Fracción 16 de Julio in Parliament, mentioned that this would be the second time that the process of forming a Nominating Committee will open again. "By 2016, it has been completed, all stages have been completed and, when ready, can not be completed due to some absences."
Indeed, Juan Guaidó, self-proclaimed acting president, was in charge of the committee of the committee.
The procedure is as follows: "The Plenary must appoint a committee of parliamentarians, who in turn will call on civil society to appoint a certain number of members, and then, between parliamentarians and civil society to form the Applications Committee, and there that the process begins and the timetable for appointing the rectors, "explained Pirela.
What Jose Antonio España is proposing is to shorten the time for the appointment. However, according to Roberto Abdul, president of the NGO Sumate, it would be worth asking whether or not it is worth doing, when the elected representatives would not be recognized by the PSUV, since for the national government the Assembly remains disdainful. and their actions are not valid. "The election would be legitimate as long as due process is followed but based on political facts and the play of power would be a symbolic act, although they may be recognized by the international community."
He added that the proposal is to shorten the times in the selection process and appoint the rectors. "The process takes about 100 days, the AN wants to reduce it." The Special Commission headed by Stalin González did an analysis with the help of several technicians to reduce deadlines, and they already have at hand. penalty, given the experience of prosecution of TSJ magistrates appointed by the AN, "continued Abdul.
The international community is committed to a peaceful solution in Venezuela and one of the key issues is the holding of "free and transparent elections".
The issue of renewing CNE positions has placed it on the Venezuelan opposition's negotiating table, but so far there has been no agreement at the recent talks in Oslo, Norway. Already at the end of 2017 and at the beginning of 2018, in the dialogues of the Dominican Republic, it had been proposed to appoint the five rectors, two to be placed by the opposition, two by the government and a third to leave the consensus between the parties, but did not prosper the approach And because of the winds that blow, the way in which the rectors can be renewed is through a negotiated designation, since the AN continues in judicial "contempt".