Changing lifestyles can reduce the risk of cancer by 30%


"There are genetic factors that we can not change, but this disease is caused mainly by exposure to agents in food, drink or inhaled substances, so it is important to change those habits to counteract the risk of developing cancer," he said. .

The head of the breast cancer department at the National Cancer Institute (INCAN) in Mexico explained that according to World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, the global incidence of cancer could increase by 50% in the year 2030

In Mexico, cancer is the third leading cause of death. In 2013 alone, according to INCAN data, 195,925 new cases were detected and caused 84,172 deaths.

Faced with this, Bargalló Rocha said that the best way to combat these numbers is to encourage research and promote information and education in the general population.

That is why, to promote measures among the Mexican population that can reduce the chances of developing cancer, INCAN, together with the Mexican College of Cancer Research (CMIC), today presented the Cancer Prevention Information Campaign.

"People need to know that there are carcinogenic substances in substances that are eaten, drunk or inhaled and that, along with genetic factors, affect the development of a tumor," Bargalló said.

The campaign seeks to share basic prevention information, in which the population is invited to approach their first contact physician in case of suspected cancer, as well as promote education for self-prevention and arrive at a timely diagnosis.

The initiative consists of five pillars consisting of providing information on general prevention, diet and nutrition, timely detection, smoking and hereditary cancer.

He explained that of all the avoidable factors of cancer, tobacco is what has the greatest impact in preventing the development of this disease.

"It is important to reduce or eliminate consumption of this cause of most cancers in the world," he said.

In this sense, he said that smoking is worrying, since it is known that the population starts smoking earlier and earlier, while in women the consumption of this product has increased.

Regarding hereditary cancer, the specialist said that the population should learn to identify risk factors.

In that sense, he explained that one in ten people may have genetic susceptibility to develop cancer.

"For example, when there are more than two direct-line relatives who have cancer, when the tumor appears on equal organs on both sides (kidneys or breasts) when the age of presentation is much younger than normal or when it occurs in one rare genus, you may be susceptible to suffering, "he said.

He explained that the prevention of major risk factors, besides preventing various types of cancer, also helps to reduce other types of diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and metabolic diseases, which are the first and second cause of death in the world.

This campaign, which is permanently active as of this month, said Bargalló, aims to be the starting point in the country to achieve a decrease in the incidence of cancer in future generations.

"We know it's going to be a long-term job, but the idea is that people will now be better informed about the risk factors that can lead to cancer and, above all else, be aware of who can prevent it," he concluded. . EFE



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