Type 2 diabetes causes a person's body to lose control of the amount of blood sugar (glucose) in the blood. The body does not respond properly to insulin and may not produce enough, causing very high blood sugar levels. If the condition is not treated, complications that may occur include kidney failure, nerve damage, heart disease, and stroke. So what can you do to lower your blood sugar levels or keep them under control?
Eating a healthy diet is one way to manage blood sugar levels.
There is nothing you cannot eat if you have type 2 diabetes, but certain foods should be limited.
NHS advises: "Eat a wide variety of foods – including fruit vegetables and some starchy foods like pasta, keep sugar, fat and salt to a minimum and eat breakfast, lunch and dinner every day – don't skip the meals".
When it comes to the first meal of the day, breakfast, one food you might want to consider eating is guava.
Some evidence suggests that tropical fruits may improve blood sugar control.
Several test tube and animal studies have shown guava lead extract to improve blood sugar levels, long-term control of blood sugar and insulin resistance.
Some studies involving humans have also shown impressive results.
A study involving 19 people showed that drinking guava tea lowered blood sugar levels after a meal. The effects lasted up to two hours.
Another study of 20 people with type 2 diabetes found that drinking guava tea reduced blood sugar levels after a meal by more than 10%.
Losing weight, if you are overweight, also makes it easier for the body to lower blood sugar levels.
Guavas have also been shown to help in this regard.
A fruit contains about 37 calories and is a good source of fiber, making it a low calorie and filling food.
In addition to following a healthy diet and losing weight, it is also important for a person to be active.
The NHS says: “Exercise helps to lower the blood sugar level. You should look for 2.5 hours of activity per week.
"You can be active anywhere as long as you will take your breath away.
"It can be a brisk walk, climbing stairs and doing more arduous housework or gardening."
Adding a certain superfood to your diet can also help lower your blood sugar.