The program is nicknamed Artemis, in Greek mythology Artemis was the twin sister of Apollo, the name of previous moon landing missions. NASA hopes Artemis will lead the first female astronaut to reach Earth's satellite. As reported by Data Center Dynamics, MSF's first computer is nicknamed Aitken, named after astronomer Robert Grant Aitken.
MSF is designed so that extra modules and components can be easily added if needed.
An agency spokeswoman said: "We have a large stretch of concrete that can accommodate up to sixteen modules.
"Modular technology is very agile. It allows us to quickly deploy new modules and install new hardware.
“We already have another prototype module that has modifications. So technology has already evolved. "
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Aitken is believed to have 221 terabytes of memory.
The cooling system requires 90% less water and electricity than previous NASA supercomputers.
NASA had not planned to return to the moon for the first time from December 1972 until 2028.
That was until Vice President Mike Pence announced an accelerated schedule.
However, Donald Trump has already opposed new missions to the moon, which he seemed to suggest was part of Mars.
He tweeted, “For all the money we're spending, NASA shouldn't be talking about going to the moon – we did it 50 years ago. They must be focused on the much bigger things we're doing, including Mars (of which the moon is a part), Defense and Science! "
The moon orbits the earth, so it is not part of Mars.
The fourth planet of the sun has two moons: Phobos and Deimos.