Recently, flipping the tape I can not remember which social network I got with a publication with a name like "12 most mobile phones that changed the world" (12 most influential cell phones). I read and thought that for the world could be so, but in Russia the development of cellular communication was influenced by completely different devices.
And so I made my local list of cell phones that have left their mark on the story or have changed a lot. Well, or at least we remember like no other.
The moment the person is direct realizes that a cell phone can not be only among the elect. The Siemens A35 was introduced in 2000, that is, only 19 years ago. One can not say that there were no cell phones in Russia before that – we had a cellular communication in 1991, but at that time it was absolutely impossible to use it: the coverage is small, the prices are monstrous.
I remember in 1997, on the subway, I saw a man with a cell phone in his hand and I thought: if he has a cell phone, then what he does on the subway, he must have a car. Here, in the region of 2000, this stereotype finally collapsed – the Siemens A35 was literally accessible to everyone. Even not very wealthy families bought it even for schoolchildren in order to control where the restless are going, well, just to worry less.
It was as simple as possible, which practically did not prevent a student from learning – there were no games, there was no polyphony, there was not … yet there was nothing in it. Even vibrating alert. It was possible to connect to GSM networks, make calls, send and receive SMS messages (again, there was no memory of its own: it was possible to store 20 SMS in SIM card memory – and that was all). But even that cell phone was cool – at least among the students.
Alternative: Siemens A36. With a vibrating alert, there was no difference. Both phones in terms of functionality are significantly inferior even to the cheaper tubes of the beginning and a half of the two thousandths, which we are now accustomed to call "nokia with a flashlight".
Read the review of the Nokia 3310 in 3DNews (yes, we are so old that we have an overview of this device)
Everything is clear here – it was no wonder that HMD Global decided to relive this particular classic in the first year of its coming. The Nokia 3310 is a mid-range phone, available for many, but certainly not as cheap as the original Siemens A35. It was released in the same year 2000 but was significantly different in functionality – it had a "snake", a calculator, support for the T9 prediction input system and so on.
Yes, and the sensations were completely different: where the Siemens A35 had crazy thick rubber keys, like a TV remote control, the Nokia 3310 offered a cool keyboard with a light touch and a nice font. And she had a design. No, anyway – Design, with capital letter.
Some numbers to compare with what is happening in the phone market: Nokia 3310 heavy 133 grams (somewhere like the iPhone 7) while the resolution of its monochrome screen was 84 x 48 pixels (almost 250 times less than the iPhone 7). So the display possibilities were measured in lines of text – how many lines fit the screen. So the Nokia 3310 came in five lines (including the top with icons and a clock) – and that was pretty cool with the standards.
For many, the Nokia 3310 has become a symbol of strength and quality – almost anything could be done with this phone, but it still worked like clockwork. Someone keeps these devices real and even uses them – and they work normally on modern 2G networks.
Alternative: Nokia 3210. The predecessor of the 3310, which gained recognition in the United States and generally abroad, but did not become as popular as the 3310. However, the 3410 also failed to repeat the success of the 3310 classic. United States, Nokia 3210 has become the first phone for many people while we have this 3310 or Siemens A35 paper.
If the children at school dreamed of 3310, older people generally became more serious. For example, the Siemens ME45 is a business-class phone that combines impressive features and a protected box. He, and the entire M series after him, remembered our compatriots first of all with protection and reliability – the ME45 withstood almost every test, and the devices that followed did not disappoint us in that regard. I once played his offspring, ME65, football in the hall of the institute – without any consequences for the efficiency of the device. Unlike the Nokia 3310, the Siemens ME45 was also waterproof (IP54 protection standard) – due to rubber joints between the cabinet parts.
It is true that this same rubber played a cruel joke with the aging ME45 – she struggled to peel the layers when rubbed against the fabric or on a hand, leaving nasty rubber pellets.
However, the ME45, as its brother in hardware, the S45, was also notable for knowing how to work with the Internet: it supported WAP and GPRS, which at the time was a marvel in the phones than a standard option. There was even an email on the S45, which for some reason did not reach ME45. The usefulness of this option at this time, however, is very dubious. But the Siemens ME45 could be used as a wired modem for a computer – expensive, but the ability to access the Internet from anywhere was really fancy (if someone suddenly read "Solitude on the Web" written in 2001, Yakub I downloaded and read an email on a train from a laptop and as his traveling companion looked at it).
Alternative: Siemens SL45. For the hardware, it was slightly different from the ME45, it was devoid of protection against moisture and dust, but it had an MP3 player. In fact, it was generally the first device in the world with this function. However, a lot of music was not released on it – a 32MByte MMC card was included in the package, meaning a half-album with a modest 128-bit bitrate. But a lot more then did not fit anywhere – the maximum capacity for the cards, it seems, was 64 MB. The SL45 was significantly more expensive than the ME45 and therefore was considered much more prestigious, including in the circles of people in raspberry and Grand Cherokee coats.
Read the Nokia 6600 review at 3DNews
We are rolling for a few years ahead – and the telephony market will change significantly: smartphones and communicators appear and begin to gain increasing popularity. Again, they were before (the first Nokia Communicator dates back to 1996), but only in 2003 did they begin to become more or less popular. And the Nokia 6600, a fairly practical smartphone, based on the Symbian Series 60 operating system, played a significant role in this.
Under the screen with a diagonal of 2.1 inches there were still located number keys as well as a find of those times – a mini-joystick. At that time, it was fashionable to distinguish: a smartphone – with digital buttons, a communicator – without them, but with a touch screen. And let the 6600 be just a smartphone, for a very reasonable price, it offers everything your heart desires: here you have a camera, a memory card and the ability to play MP3s and games, support Java and thousands of applications for any occasion. People read 2.1-inch screen books – and they were happy with that opportunity. We watched movies, took 640×480 resolution photos, communicated via ICQ and so on. Overall, the Nokia 6600 made it possible to do almost everything that modern smartphones allow – with the amendment that Instagram Facebook was not yet available at the time. Well, the GPS at 6600 was not delivered, so the browser did not work from it.
Alternative: Motorola MPX200 – clamshell on Windows Mobile, forever taking its place in my heart. There was nothing in it – neither Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, nor a camera – but there was a complete operating system. And that solved everything. With a small 2.2-inch screen, I read over a dozen books and even watched a few TV shows. However, the series on display of this size still caused more pain than pleasure. It looks like I've also tried to program on this device, but – judging by the fact that I still do not know how to do it – something went wrong.
If for some time the very presence of a cell phone was a status symbol, then, by 2005, that period, of course, was over. And the status symbol was the presence of a very specific device – the beautiful Nokia 8800, with a very unusual form factor – sliding – not clear – why. There was no super cool stuffing in it, nor was there a smart operating system – there was a simple 40 series. But that's not the point – Nokia was one of the first to feel the users' desire to have a phone to which the noble epithet could be applied and brought to life.
This is what sets 8800 apart from the rest. Quality of polished and cold metal housing. Clear sliding mechanism. Clearly push buttons. Custom ringtones specially written for this device. Moreover, to some extent, it was with the Nokia 8800 that semi-unnamed Chinese devices began to enter foreign markets – they were flooded with copies of a premium phone, most of which, however, can be distinguished from the original at first sight. To process metal efficiently and keep the phone in hand without disgust, the Chinese learned only a few years later.
The Nokia 8800 likes the Chinese so much, they seem to clone it so far. At least Aliexpress is overflowing with the "original" 8800 sentences. However, some of them are truly original.
Alternative: Signature Vertu. Which phones have the Chinese cloned more than the Nokia 8800? Of course, Vertu. In essence, Vertu (signature or almost any other) is the same 8800, raised to the absolute. Even more expensive, absolutely premium materials, aimed at the public, for which the possession of luxury items is considered strictly mandatory.
(I.e.Sony Ericsson K750
Read the review of the Sony Ericsson K750 at 3DNews
The first phone was relatively accessible, which was all that was needed. Well, that is, it seemed then that nothing else was necessary, although in 2005 smartphones were already in use by people who were not indifferent to technology. However, Java applications that could be installed on regular phones, many of them were satisfied and completely allowed to compensate for the absence of the "smart" prefix. And everything else on the K750 was: the ability to install a memory card and MP3 and MPEG4 playback, plus a high-resolution color screen – up to 176 x 220 pixels and sleek design.
Well, a very decent camera – 2 megapixels, with autofocus and flash. Sony considered this an advantage so serious that the back of the phone was stylized even under the front edge of a digital shower – with a sliding shutter and numerous inscriptions, and the side they made a shutter button. In fact, Sony has already rejected this tradition only recently and, as it seems to me, in vain.
Alternative: Siemens CX75 / M75 / S75
This is the downfall of Siemens mobile, the company has made many unsuccessful decisions and will soon sell the BenQ phone division. Once upon a time, Russian and Ukrainian enthusiasts unexpectedly discovered a complete Linux under the not-so-good interface of Siemens phones and were able to run self-written applications on it. Without Java, quickly and efficiently. Thus, Siemens 65 and 75 series phones have become one of the most affordable smartphones. In addition, they had full access to the Internet – that's the only thing that was not enough for the rest of the K750 plan's most advanced hardware.
(I.e.Apple iPhone 2G
Go another couple of years ahead – and everything changes again beyond recognition. Steve Jobs comes on the scene and talks about how the phone, the Internet communicator and the iPod fit into a single device. The world is going crazy, the iPhones (in which even the app store was not there yet) are swept from the shelves ten times faster than hot cakes. Well, in Russia, the first iPhone was not officially sold, so it had a cult status from the moment it appeared.
At the same time, it was not even a smartphone – the app store's App Store appeared a year later with the launch of the iPhone 3G. In fact, the iPhone 2G can be called a phone phrase that can be freely translated into Russian in an even more offensive way – like "a phone is not without functions".
The devices on Windows Mobile were well above the features. But the magnitude of the capacitive display, quick dial on the screen without a pen and large, colorful and beautiful icons of some applications, they could not surpass. So, rising in 2007, the star of Windows Mobile rolled very quickly, despite the best efforts of HTC and Samsung, trying to bring it to life over friendly shells that copied the main ideas of iOS.
Alternative: there was no other smartphone, although a slightly similar superiority has been caused by different Blackberry tubes, which, it is true, was very difficult for an uninitiated to distinguish one from the other. Oh yes, there were also Palm smartphones – not very typical for Russia. And only they, along with Blackberry Jobs, scolded the scene for an uncomfortable keyboard. To be fair, it's worth mentioning the LG Prada – the first phone with capacitive screen. But something went wrong with LG.
Where LG could not, and Microsoft did not even try, someone had to deal with. And it was Google. In late 2008, the first Android phone, the T-Mobile G1, also known as HTC Dream, was released. Only now it has not reached Russia, so the first Android smartphone in our country was the HTC Hero, launched in early 2009. And ended up being surprisingly successful – for me, it is much more successful than the G1.
If now the "naked" Android is very good then it was bad or very bad. The system was scary and incomplete, lacked a large number of important functions, also had a car and a small cart of ergonomic errors. HTC fixed some of them at the expense of the Sense shell – and at that time it seemed that there simply was no alternative to Sense. In fact, in the market at the beginning there were only a few devices on Android: a Samsung, a HTC and a Highscreen, and among this bloodless trinity of eyes, you could only use HTC. Android phones then had a lot of buttons, some of them were offered with a QWERTY keyboard (oh, times).
The newborn green robot could not really argue with the iPhone 3GS, but the opening of the operating system and its availability to any manufacturer have borne fruit – Android quickly gained strength and already in 2010 surpassed iOS in market share. In 2009, participation, of course, was much smaller, but a large part of it fell on Hero.
Alternative: HTC Desire, released a year after the appearance of the hero. Along with it, a "modified hero" named Legend appeared, but the wish was, but the legend did not. Here you can also remember the Motorola Droid, a keyboard smartphone, which is much appreciated by enthusiasts. Our webmaster, the happy owner of this device, has updated the firmware almost every day.
(I.e.Apple iPhone 4
Read the Apple iPhone 4 comment on 3DNews
The first truly beautiful iPhone. Если в первом поколении (2G) у айфона был неплохой, но очень быстро царапавшийся алюминиевый корпус, то втором во (3G и 3GS) – ради удешевления, а может, и не только – корпус стал полностью пластиковым как-то и совсем не соответствовал премиум -статусу смартфона. Такая черная мыльница с яблочком.
Пришествие iPhone 4 в 2010-м решило наметившиеся проблемы с дизайном: у Apple получился очень аккуратный аппарат, с обеих сторон закрытый противоударным стеклом. Это сейчас стекло с двух сторон – заезженный прием, который используют все, а тогда это было в новинку. К тому же iPhone 4 очень выгодно отличался от предшественников дисплеем – именно с этого аппарата началась "ретина" про которую сейчас стараются помнить все производители, чтобы не навлечь гнев пользователей, зацепившихся взглядом о пиксели. Кстати, пользовательские требования тогда были куда мягче, чем сейчас – 330 айфоновские точек на дюйм в те времена казались чудом, а сейчас Александр Бабулин, наверное, уже пожалуется, что пиксель крупноват.
Бессменный босс всея 3DNews Александра Орджоникидзе наверняка до сих пор хранит где-то белый iPhone 4 (а может, это был уже 4s) с выгравированным логотипом нашего сайта. В те времена такой аппарат смотрелся просто потрясающе. Как по мне, это был последний по-настоящему красивый дизайн айфона. Вплоть до 5s (ну или SE) он сохранялся, а дальше пошли скругленные края и какая-то пухлая обезличенность.
Альтернатива: В 2010-м альтернатив iPhone 4 просто не было: красивый, мощный, с качественным экраном и неплохой камерой – не делали в те времена таких аппаратов. Из смартфонов хоть сколько-то близко подошли, наверное, Nokia N8 на Symbian и Sony Xperia X2 на Windows Mobile. Но и тут все разбивалось о дизайн и удобство операционных систем.
(I.e.Samsung Galaxy S3
Читать обзор Samsung Galaxy S3 на 3DNews
Малыш Android много кушал, быстро развивался и почти что научился ходить – над его образованием трудилось такое количество народу из разных компаний, пытавшихся доработать Google творение, что выбора у него просто не было. Ы ы Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Samsung Galaxy S3.
Это первый аппарат на Android, в котором было все, чего только можно было желать в 2012 году. Здоровенный AMOLED-дисплей, много памяти, быстрый процессор, все возможные беспроводные интерфейсы все-все-все и, что вообще умела мобильная индустрия на тот момент. Впрочем, можно сказать, что все это было и в Galaxy S2, да и в первом Galaxy S, но разница состояла в том, что именно к выходу SGS3 Samsung наконец-то научилась справляться с программной частью так, чтобы она не вызывала отторжение.
То есть в первой итерации TouchWiz был ужасен и требовал обязательной доработки напильником, в SGS2 его изрядно отполировали, но все равно его куда-нибудь хотелось спрятать, а вот в Galaxy S3 он уже не вызывал нервного тика и на равных соперничал с Sense имени HTC. Ну и как раз примерно к выходу третьей "Галактики" смартфоны Samsung в России стали ждать едва ли не так же, как аппараты Apple. Ну а Samsung не жалела средств и каждую пресс-конференцию превращала в шоу. В общем, SGS3 – это своего рода веха, переходный момент для Samsung, да и для всего Android из грязи в князи.
Альтернатива: HTC One S. Тайваньская компания, некогда бывшая однозначным лидером в разработке Android-смартфонов, к этому моменту позиции уже немного сдала, но делать хорошие смартфоны не разучилась. HTC One S предлагал все же более продуманную оболочку и приятный металлический корпус, но уступал по размеру экрана, мощности и качеству камеры. Существовал еще пластиковый One X, формально являвшийся флагманом, но смысла предпочесть его как-то не было. Хотя это, конечно, лично мое мнение.
Да и вся подборка, справедливости ради, тоже субъективная. Наверняка кто-то будет требовать включить сюда первый Xiaomi redmi – аппарат, принесший Android в массы, кто-то напомнит про первый Samsung Galaxy Note, задавший моду на большие телефоны. Кто-то будет вспоминать HTC Artemis (навигатор и смартфон в одном флаконе – чудо чудное, диво дивное) или Motorola RAZR (первую и последнюю красивую раскладушку). Поэтому я не буду ставить жирную точку в конце материала: если, на взгляд ваш, в списке не хватает какого-то исторически важного для России телефона – смело дописывайте его в комментарии. Поехали!
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