DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (CNN) – The World Health Organization (WHO) has registered more than 1 million new cases of sexually transmitted infections every day.
These diseases are chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis and syphilis. The WHO has found that at least one in 25 people has at least one of these diseases.
"These injuries indicate that people risk their health, sexual activity and reproductive health," says Melanie Taylor, lead author of the report and epidemiologist at WHO's Division of Reproductive Health and Research.
"There are over 376 million new cases a year," the report said, adding that these data represent cases, not individuals, where people may be infected with STDs or may develop more than one disease during the year.
These diseases are transmitted through unprotected sex, including vaginal sex, anal sex and oral sex. Some can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth, especially chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis. Syphilis can also be spread by contact with infected blood.
If left untreated, these infections can have serious consequences, such as infertility in men and women, stillbirth, ectopic pregnancy, and increased risk of HIV infection.
Although all these infections can be treated with antibiotics, the lack of supplies of penicillin penicillin has made syphilis treatment more difficult. The rapid increase in antimicrobial resistance to gonorrhea treatments is also a growing threat to health, according to the World Health Organization.
Is it impossible to cure him?
Tim Jencks, chief of the Wellcome Drug Resistance Program in the UK, said in a statement that the high number of cases of gonorrhea is "particularly worrisome," citing cases of "high gonorrhea" reported last year in the UK and Australia. It was virtually impossible to heal them. "
"We do not know what the burden of gonorrhea is in low- and middle-income countries, but as the number of cases increases widely, we can expect much more resistant forms of the disease, which become more common," says Jenkins, who did not participate in the study . Common around the world ".
Data collected from men and women aged 15-49 worldwide show that by 2016, there were an estimated 127 million new cases of chlamydia, 156 million cases of trichomoniasis, 87 million cases of gonorrhea, and 6.3 million of cases of syphilis.
According to Taylor, these new data do not show a "significant decrease," compared with data published for the World Health Organization in 2012, "thus showing an incredibly high overall burden of these sexually transmitted diseases."
"These lesions are treatable and cured with antibiotics, but unfortunately, most occur without symptoms, so patients and individuals are unaware of their infection, do not realize the risk, and the need for necessary tests and treatment, and thus become a very high transmission chance "
Taylor describes these diseases as "a hidden, silent, dangerous and globally persistent epidemic."
"Sexually transmitted infections are everywhere, more common than we think, but they are not getting enough attention," says Theodora Wai, medical director of sexually transmitted diseases at the World Health Organization's Division of Reproductive Health and Research.
Wye suggests that many sectors should work together to combat these infections, such as encouraging more sex education by parents and teachers, policy advocates of sexually transmitted diseases, researchers working to develop better ways to prevent and diagnose sexually transmitted diseases, treat them and examine them.
Need for urgent action
"The urgency of the action can not be clearer," said Matthew Chico, associate professor of public health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, co-author of the World Health Organization report.
"In addition to promoting sexual health education and the effective use of condoms, efforts to improve the surveillance of sexually transmitted diseases and to develop new treatments and diagnostics should be a top priority for public health," he said.
"We urgently need to reduce the spread of this infection, invest in antibiotics and new treatments to replace those that no longer work," Jenks said.