Friday , January 22 2021

Nobel Prize in Chemistry Dan Shechtman visited Taiwan and pointed out that technological innovation is the way for Taiwan to face an aging society



Dan Shechtman, winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2011, recently visited Taiwan to attend the "2018 Taiwan Tech Arena and TIEC's International Investment Media Association" and was interviewed by Technology News. In his speech, he pointed out that Taiwan's declining birth rate is serious and is quite unfavorable for future industrial development. In addition to encouraging birth, the government needs to invest resources in science and technology education and should not neglect it. From kindergarten to university, the new spirit of science and technology is actually embedded in education.

Dan Sheikhman is an Israeli scientist who discovered the new shape of the molecular structure of the Icosahedral Phase in the 1980s and opened a new field of research on quasicristais. In 2011 he received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He is also known as the "new godfather" of Israel. In the 1980s, he began to advocate deep technology entrepreneurship in Israel and to promote a new education.

In the keynote speech, Dan Shechtman put it specifically in comparison with the demographic map of Israel and Taiwan. The structural map of Israel is pyramid-type, meaning the proportion of children and adolescents is the highest in the total population. The proportion of children to adolescents is low. Dan Sheikhman pointed out that Israel defends a large family, and each woman has an average of 3.2 births, which makes the Israeli workforce infinite. By contrast, Taiwan faces an aging crisis and every young woman needs to create more in the future. GDP production is sufficient to maintain the current standard of living. He therefore suggested that the Taiwanese government should not only include policies to encourage people to give birth, but also must incorporate the new spirit of science and technology into the educational environment.

▲ Comparative map of the demographic structure of Taiwan and Israel Israel advocates a large family On average, each woman gives birth to 3.2 children, which makes the Israeli workforce infinite.

He shared his own experience. Thirty years ago, he opened the country's first entrepreneurship course at Israel's Institute of Technology, to date, 10,000 graduates attended their courses. Today they held these graduates. A career search found that 25% of people are investing in new ventures.

Under this focus on new science and technology education, Israel's new creations have also flourished. Although Israel has only a third of Taiwan's population, it has 17 new incubators, more than 50 new accelerators and more than 100 venture capital funds. In addition, Israeli startups are extremely dense, with one startup company for every 2,000 people and 1,000 start-ups a year, which gives Israel a global reputation for a new country.

Dan Sheikhman believes that the crisis of declining birth rates means that education is increasingly important, no matter the city or the foreign country, students should have the opportunity to receive good quality education and the role of teachers will become increasingly more. Importantly, it needs to be served by intelligent and enthusiastic people. Dan Shechtman himself has 4 children and 12 grandchildren, encourages his sons and grandchildren to obtain a doctorate and even pay tuition for the grandchildren. He has two daughters, Ph.D. in clinical psychology, the only son. Professor of Biomedical Engineering at Israel Institute of Technology. During his visit, he also suggested that students should gain greater knowledge in their studies if possible.

In the end, Dan Sheikhman emphasized that investing in new creations does not mean immediate results: Asian society must eliminate cultural factors from "fear of failure," and the government and people must have a failure that is not terrible. In addition, Dan Sheikhman also encouraged students to develop careers of scientists and engineers and created a corresponding environment for children from childhood. He himself did science education programs for children in Israel and also went to kindergarten to teach science and technology the children. Science and technology education spares no effort.

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