Inflammation of the bladder is a bacterial infection that affects part of the urinary tract or the entire urinary tract. It is recognized mainly by painful and frequent urination, in severe cases with fever and back pain. In the elderly and very young, the symptoms may not be clear or non-specific. Urinary tract infection is a common problem for people of all generations, and involves an invasion of microorganisms in the lower urinary tract, and they multiply and cause inflammation.
GETTY IMAGES / ISTOCKPHOTO Typical signs suggestive of inflammation of the bladder are burning while urinating, frequent watering, pain in the lower abdomen.
The causative agents are most commonly gastrointestinal bacteria, among which E. coli, said the prof. dr. Andrej Kmetec, specialist in urology at the Medical Center Barsos. "The most common risk factors for urinary tract infections in younger women are sexual intercourse due to irritation of the urethra, use of diaphragm or chemical spermicides, and deliberate or unintentional retention of urine into the bladder, which results in the growth of bacteria and inflammation of the mucosa.
The most typical signs that indicate inflammation of the bladder are burning when urinating, frequent watering, low abdominal pain and stiffness, dull urine.
The curve is anatomy
Almost half of women experience urinary tract infection at least once in their lifetime, while men have lower rates. Healthy men rarely get sick because their urethra is longer and anatomically distant from the anus (anatomy) where bacteria are inhabited and at the same time the secretions of the prostate act as bactericides, a true interlocutor. In women, the urethra is shorter and near the anus; thus, bacteria facilitate penetration and travel to the bladder, and then they reproduce. Most of the bacteria that cause urinary tract infections are derived from the gastrointestinal tract and are carried from the anus to the urinary tract.
Bacterial infections, bacteria, parasites, fungi or viruses can cause infections of the bladder, the most common being bacteria Escherichia coli.
Some women are more susceptible to this type of infection due to genetic predisposition, which makes bacteria easier to adhere to the mucous membrane of the urinary tract and cause inflammation. "The most common urinary tract infection is inflammation of the bladder, and untreated can, with reduced resistance, expand and cause inflammation of the kidneys. Burning small amounts of urine, which is a disturbed and unpleasant odor, there are pains and cramps in the urinary bladder area. Kidney inflammation is characterized by poor sensation, canine pain in the lower back, fever, sometimes even with nausea and vomiting. Why Urinary Tract Infections Are More Common in Women? Because of Urinary Tract Anatomy ".
Cranberries and antibiotics
In the prevention of urinary tract infection, it is very useful to have a regular digestion with proper eradication after the stool is withdrawn in the women ahead and to prevent constipation, says Prof. dr. The farmer. "In menopausal women suffering from a dry vagina, vaginal estrogen creams or vaginal joints, which are prescribed by a gynecologist after previous investigations before hormone treatment, help." Sexually transmitted infections are prevented using condoms.
The inflammation is happening again.
Inflammation of the bladder is repeated by a quarter of women. In healthy women with no heart failure or advanced chronic kidney disease where fluid intake is limited, it helps to increase fluid intake by drawing at least 2.5 or 3 liters of urine a day or by releasing urine regularly for two to three hours. "The baths are refreshed, the swimming pools in the spa, the shower is more appropriate. The use of special preparations for intimate hygiene and cleaning of the vagina is not appropriate, because these measures alter the normal vaginal bacterial flora of protection", explains the prof. dr. Andrej Kmetec and advises regular preventive examinations.
In case of stagnation of urine in the urinary bladder, a surgical procedure may be useful, and with urine incontinence is a vein exercise or a surgical procedure, "lists effective forms of help in preventing bladder inflammation and adds cranberries and If the cause of recurrent urinary tract infections can not be eliminated, preventive antibiotic treatment with low doses of antibiotic may be prescribed for several months at night, but only if the infections are actually symptomatic. It is necessary to know that older women and especially men in urine often have bacteria and leukocytes present, especially if they have increased bladder rupture after urinating or a urinary catheter inserted. In that case, treatment of the infection is not always necessary because it can not be completely eliminated, and the formation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is accelerating, "says Dr. Andrej Kmetec.