Thursday , October 21 2021

Without change, not even three planets will suffice


Some predictions about the future are based on unquestionable data, others are only based on them, and therefore are more or less likely. These are also predictions about the future of mobility. Mobility is changing mainly to combat climate change and an increasing number of populations. In cities, which are already dampened today in the released gases, about 70% of the population will live.

{C} Photo of Jože Suhadolnik The conference attracted audiences from all areas of mobility.

Violeta Bulc, European Commissioner for Transport, highlighted at the Mobility Conference organized by Delo Media House, the Clean Planet for the entire transport-centric document, with which the European Commission sent a clear message in November last year that a sustainable and the circular economy represents a new development model, which will have to be adapted to all other models. The European Union will devote 60% of the budget to addressing these challenges.

According to Violeta Bulc, the damage caused by the negative effects of traffic is 1000 billion euros per year. Most of this amount is due to premature deaths due to pollution, fatal accidents and serious injuries and road stoppers. "Today we know that these problems can be solved and this gives us the power to restructure mobility. Reducing the negative impacts associated with pollution and emissions has become the first priority," she said.

{C} Photo of Jože Suhadolnik Useful gifts for conference guests.

No more plane from Paris to Brussels

According to her, the European Commission realized that it is rational for Europe to use the infrastructure it already has, and therefore investments in the modernization of railways are expected. "By doing this, we want to allow all major cities, industrial centers, ports and airports to connect to the high-speed train by 2030. That means a speed of 180 to 220 km / h.All nine corridors will have to ensure this speed by 2030. "But as we know that rail infrastructure is not so much in many ways, it is also hampered by bureaucratic procedures.

Violeta Bulc, European Commissioner for Transport: "With the investments, we want to allow all major cities, industrial centers, ports and airports to connect to high-speed railways by 2030. That means a speed of 180 to 220 km per hour."

"The 14,000 local rules that exist today on the railways will replace 1600 European rules by the end of the year, one of the biggest simplifications in the field of transport, which will allow the railways to have a modern signaling system across Europe , so as not to replace the front locomotives, teams and languages ​​when crossing the borders in all the corridors.The railways will thus gain a high competitive advantage.The objective is to remove the local aviation from a distance of up to 500 kilometers. Spain, France, some of the Benelux countries and, in part, Germany in that direction, are already moving in. No one in Brussels is thinking of moving to Paris or London by plane, because everyone drives by train. you from the center of the city to the center of the city, making the whole route faster, "explains Bulčev.

{C} Photo of Jože Suhadolnik European Commissioner for Transport, Violeta Bulc, in conversation with Stojan Petric, Chairman of the Kolektor Group. In addition to them, the director of Delo, Andrej Kren, and the editor-in-chief Delo Uroš Urbas.

Asked how Slovenia will provide high-speed trains, mag. Darja Kocjan, Director of Rail Passenger Transport of Slovenia, replied that "the state builds infrastructures and places them spatially." "As carriers, we would be happy to pedal along the line at a speed of 250 km per hour." Today we ride on combined and rebuilt lines up to 160 km per hour in restored parts would be ideal if you needed 50 minutes from Maribor to Ljubljana. After rebuilding the rails, she continued, in a year or two, the journey time, which now lasts 2.5 hours at that time, will shorten to 1.5 hours with the stops. "This is already comparable to a passenger car in concentrated traffic and in the future, the difference will be even greater.Train costs are four times smaller than traveling by car.Part of the strategy is to carry electric bicycles and electric car chargers Stories with local communities are already underway and we believe this will be systematic, "Kocjan said.

{C} Photo of Jože Suhadolnik Borut Tavčar Delo 13.6.2019 Ljubljana Slovenia [Borut Tavčar,Ljubljana,Slovenija] Photo of Jože Suhadolnik

The Park Parking of Illusion?

According to Commissioner Violeta Bulc, the whole process of changing the concept of mobility requires an awareness that people are at the heart of mobility. "Thinking about the needs of consumers and finding solutions to those needs.

Dr. Bor Rozman, Director of Administration of the City of Kranj Municipality: "I agree with Zizek, who says that democracy will not be successful in environmental issues, because until the moment we walk we will not walk."

The concept of mobility as a necessity a few years ago was not understood as it is today. By understanding human needs, we find that we do not need ownership, but the use of a car. From here, mobility has emerged as a service and, therefore, on sharing and dividing economy. This turnaround has also greatly changed the knowledge and skills needs we need to develop mobility. "

According to her, the area is intended for people to socialize, not to park. Richard Harris, director of the Royal ITS Global, VB, and a member of the ITS Hall of Fame, who also emphasized that urban centers have become unbearable and unattractive due to road and parking overload problems but did not agree with the Commissioner that the future will be as it is. "I do not believe that today's parking lots are green parks where people can make coffee, read newspapers and socialize." In my opinion, vehicles in cities will not be less, maybe just a few people in a vehicle. become a kind of showroom, where people will choose products that will be shipped to them. "
In this respect, interesting information is shared with listeners. "By 2025, the mobility market will be worth 257 billion euros in the field of commerce, 163 billion in communications and 93 billion euros in mixed real estate."

{C} Photo of Jože Suhadolnik Moderator, journalist Dela Borut Tavčar (first left), director of innovative business models in Petrol Miha Valentinčič, head of digital business at NLB Matjaž Mušič, futurist dr. Ulrich Eberl, Director of Technical Development, Quality and Safety in Petrol, dr. Marta Svoljšak Jerman and Director of Rail Passenger Transport of Slovenia Darja Kocjan. Photos from Jože Suhadolnik

Harris also voiced skepticism about the idea of ​​vehicle ownership, as we also do not share with our neighbors the tools we need less often than we need cars, which according to some data are stationed 94 percent of the time.
"Mobility as a service is not a Netflix transport." I'm concerned about how many companies in the mobility industry actually plan to deliver services, but how much that builds the image of the distribution.For a successful mobility service, you need an application, a business model that finances, background systems, and access to a real service. If you do not have it, you can not provide mobility to users. people will use the system. "

Dr. Miha Rihar, Petrol: "The idea of ​​the future of mobility can be compared to the idea of ​​a minimalist dwelling." With architects, we design a space with few furniture and closed shelves. place to post the items, then everything is soon taxed and disorganized. "

Also dr. Miha Rihar, Head of Mobility and Smart Mobility as a service at Petrol, said that they are also kept on how to get adoption of the vehicle sharing model. Rihar compared the idea of ​​the future of mobility with the idea of ​​a minimalist housing. "With the architects, we have designed a space with few furniture and closed shelves." In practice, whenever we enter, however, it happens that we do not have room to postpone things, which is why everything is soon imposed and disorganized. the developers of the future cities, green parks, people rest, life is quiet, public transportation synchronized.I do not know if the reality will really be like this.
In his opinion, it is also necessary to answer questions about whether a user wants to walk 500 meters to the station or share the vehicle if it is appropriate for a user in rural areas if there is any work every day if the user wants to walk in the rain or wants to be in the concerns of a battery charger and the like. Infrastructure or providers must ensure that users have adequate loading times.

{C} Photo of Jože Suhadolnik Conference participants were taken with the Big Bang test electric scooter.

"The user will want to recharge when discovered, at home, during shopping, at work, and only 45 percent of people live in the house, the rest will not have solar power plants and the like. If we want to be able to fill out the service, the infrastructure must be taken care of by the employers, if we want to recharge during the shopping, this is an opportunity for the owners of shopping centers. When installing a charging infrastructure, it is necessary to consider the speed or the speed should be: ultra fast for less than 15 minutes, fast 15 to 60 minutes, usually charging from 1 to 4 hours, slowly more than 4 hours.It is also worth considering how many people will use it daily. "According to with Rihar, the successful introduction of electric vehicles should allow the user to carry carelessly at different locations through the roaming system.

Marjan Beltram, of the Nomago, also pointed out that mobility as a service is in question. Especially because it is still unclear who and how they can carry from door to door in a lucrative way.
Your company's vision of the future of mobility is therefore more focused on increasing the use of public transport. "We would like to bring fifty cars to a bus. Public transportation would become the backbone of integrated mobility."

Dr. Miha Rihar, Petrol: "The idea of ​​the future of mobility can be compared to the idea of ​​a minimalist dwelling." With architects, we design a space with few furniture and closed shelves. place to post the items, then everything is soon taxed and disorganized. "

Part of the Integrated Mobility Plan is already a successful system in Slovenia and boosts, such as Vič. Ursula Longar, deputy secretary and head of the Department of Transportation of the Department of Economic Activities and Transport of the city of Ljubljana, said she had plans for 23 parking centers where it would be possible to move from public car to public transport. This year they hope we can start with the construction of a new parking lot in Stanežice, which will be headed for Gorenjska and will be connected to the Gorenjska railway line. Longar also stressed that parking in Vič needed ten years to become reality and today they receive initiatives every day, when they will be updated. "This was due in large part to the increase in parking charges in the center and the abolition of free parking."

If there is no tangible future data on sharing, they will be much more tangible in the development of cars and other vehicles in the future. Commissioner Bulcev emphasized that by the end of this year the automotive and drone aircraft market is opening up, as regulations and rules of use are being adopted. "Before I leave the position of Commissioner, I will fly with a flying car," she expressed her belief in the future, in which we will fly short distances with flying vehicles, which will circulate the columns in the air. She did not say anything about how we would regulate the challenge of the noise of flying objects through the air. Perhaps the noise is less, since only electric vehicles will be driven on the roads.

Thank you
The project was supported by sponsor general Petrol, the main sponsors of NLB, Slovenian Railways, Zavarovalnica Triglav, sponsor of AMZS, partners of Big Bang, Dars, Nomago and Telekom Slovenije. Special thanks to the Planet GV program partner.

Electrophysics is not immortal

As stated by Stojan Petric, President of FMR and Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Kolektor Holding, BMW announces 25 new electric models, Volkswagen 80 new electric models, Porsche will have half of its electric models, …

According to him, the Slovenian economy, which relies heavily on the automotive industry, will gradually adapt to this. "If this were done right away, that would put a lot of jobs at risk, so I'm doing this gradually." According to Petrić, fleet electrification will require more recycling of new cars, mainly because of the materials used for this. "From the development point of view, it will not only be a change in unity, but also new technical solutions will have to be sought for the use of materials whose production is ecologically controversial. Internal combustion cars contain five elements, while electric ones contain up to ten elements, some of which are very controversial, both ethical and environmental, including lithium, which is produced in 60% of Argentina, so we pollute the territory of Argentina, which is as big as the great Slovenia. even rare earth elements, including cobalt, which is part of the electric vehicle battery, which will also require new solutions from the point of view of electricity generation and consumption. "

{C} Photo of Jože Suhadolnik To meet the attendees, Catring.LAB was provided.

Dr Ulrich Eberl, a futurist, author and long-time director of the Siemens Communication Communications Innovation Department, said raw material consumption would grow to 140 billion tonnes per year by 2050. Asia poses enormous pressure on the raw materials, since, as Eberl expressly stated, the population grows in three days by the size of the city of Ljubljana. "Do you see how great that impact is on mobility?" "If we, as human beings and as companies, act in the same way as before, we will need three planets by 2050. We will use all trees, energy, raw materials, fish and air. In his opinion, the solutions are lightweight construction, low power consumption and the introduction of new energy sources. "The fossil period will not end because of the shortage of oil, but the gas and oil must disappear." We are at the beginning of the electrification era, which can be environmentally friendly, such as wind and water. efficient, with a little loss. The electric motor is three to four times more efficient than an internal combustion engine. "

Technological Challenges and User Experience

Dr. Martin Rheinfurth, specialist in sustainable mobility development at the multinational BASF, recalled that China and India will continue to grow strongly in demand for passenger cars. In addition to the millions of vehicles sold per year in the coming years, two countries with the largest number and population growth should be added. According to him, the chemical industry is so quickly looking for solutions to reduce CO2 emissions from the production of the car itself, with the so-called e-coating process, which contributes 20% less emissions and energy consumption, has the greatest effects at the time. Lightweight materials are also developed to reduce vehicle weight, resulting in lower vehicle consumption and more room for the battery in electric vehicles. The biggest challenge is to reduce the price of batteries, to charge infrastructures and battery productions. However, one should be aware that in 1975 a car caused as much emissions as the current 100 cars.

Tomaž Katrašnik, a professor at the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, discussed at the conference which of the steering systems that are now a complete series in the market and development, that is, by 2030 or later, will be more effective. According to him, an alternative alternative to gaseous fuels, especially methane, is that they will be useful in bi-fuel diesel systems. A bright future is also electric and electrified systems that do not release pollutants, this will be the first choice especially for personal transportation. It will be even more desirable to drive with fuel cells, but they will not penetrate you so fast, but not everywhere in the world. "

{C} Photo of Jože Suhadolnik At Petrol, already in 2012, electric mobility was abandoned, but today its network of e-bottoms is the largest in the country.

Matjaž Mušič, head of digital business at NLB, also mentioned user experience and user habits during the discussion. "Habits are those that dictate the services we are developing." Users are not interested in the product, but in the way of the user to whom they are treated. approve consumer credit via mobile because the directive requires processing of personal data, "he said. This was also agreed with Miha Valentinčič, Director of Innovative Business Models, Petrol. In your opinion, the adoption of solutions depends on how many solutions will be easy to use. "We will use renewable sources when they provide the same comfortable way of use that oil and gas now offer." An interesting point was expressed by Dr. Bor Rozman, the city's director of city administration in Kranj, who said that municipalities should provide as many jobs as possible in their place, so that mobility would not surface. "When I proposed 20 years ago to make people work one day a week from home, I have a thousand and one problems with regulation, why can not this be done."

"I agree with Zizek, who says that democracy will fail the examination only in the solution of the environment. Until we celebrate the walk and the ban on the use of aircraft, as long as all this is free for a market initiative and pleasant, we will also fly from Maribor to Ljubljana. "

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