Saturday , January 23 2021

How to drive in winter conditions?



The first snow load is already on the way, and the winter equipment must already be installed in the vehicles. However, even if the weather is not very winter, the ride needs to be adjusted to steering conditions. Read some tips for safe driving this season.

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Even the autumn climate with fluctuations and high temperature loads can, along with the locus, set some traps for the driver. AMZS drivers warn not to underestimate road conditions on the road and adjust their voices.

Autumn is a great temperature difference. In the morning the thermometer may be near the ice, and the fog may appear, if the temperatures are high, you can still amaze us of wet Head, the days are over & i, visibility is weak. In addition, the leaves and sand can be represented on the road. These are all changed driving conditions that drivers need to recognize and care for, be warned and safe & # 39; driving with AMZS Defend Legan.

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Even the autumn weather with high temperature fluctuations and occasional rainfall, along with a shorter day, can put some traps on the driver. AMZS drivers warn not to underestimate road conditions on the road and to adjust their driving.

Autumn is a time with great temperature differences. In the morning, the thermometer may already be near the freezing point, the fog may appear, temperatures are higher throughout the day, but we may be surprised by the rain, the wet road, the shorter days, the worse visibility. An additional problem may be the leaves and sand on the road. All this is changing the driving conditions that drivers need to recognize and take into account, said the AMZS safety instructor. Defend Legan.

On the roads may still be autumn leaves, which can worsen driving conditions.PHOTO: iStock

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He also highlighted the importance of seeing and being visible in traffic, and reminded drivers of the importance of using light. In newer vehicles, in the case of daytime running lights, they do not shine in the back of the car. As AMZS pointed out, this was introduced to protect energy, but in practice this means little visibility of the vehicle on the road. Therefore, they advise drivers instead of using daytime running lights in low visibility situations to use shaded lights, since only other drivers will notice them immediately.

Even the fog should be used correctly "only" when it is cloudy. The fog is in conditions when there is no fog, for other cisco drivers.

Legan also warned the pilots of the correct seat in the car. To respond to any critical situation, we must have the correct seating position and the adjusted speed of the course and the appropriate safety distance. This is true in all driving conditions, especially when the road is scratched, but in such situations, unadjusted speed is one of the biggest problems, & # 34; he remembered.

In addition to driving speed, drivers must also take into account tire capacity and braking distance at a specified speed, and the road situation also changes how the vehicle is controlled.

Some tips for more preparation for winter and winter conditions:

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He also emphasized the importance of seeing and being visible in traffic, and reminded drivers of the importance of using the lights. In newer vehicles, in daylight function, they do not shine in the back of the car. As AMZS pointed out, this was introduced to save energy, but in practice this means weaker visibility of the vehicle on the road. That's why they advise drivers instead of using daytime lights in low visibility situations to use shaded lights, since only other drivers will notice them in due course.

Even the fog should be used properly – only when it is cloudy. In conditions where there is no fog, the fog is disturbed by other drivers.

Legan also warned drivers about the correct position of the car seat. "In order to respond appropriately in the event of a critical situation, we need to have the correct position and appropriate conditions for proper driving speed and safety distance.This is true in all driving conditions, especially when the road is snowy, glacial and in these situations is not adjusted to accelerate one of the biggest problems " he remembered.

In addition to driving speed, drivers should also consider tire capacity and braking distance at a given speed, and the road situation also changes how the vehicle is controlled.

Some tips for better winter preparation and winter conditions:

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At AMZS, they advise drivers to check the operation of all car lights. Before driving, all glass surfaces must be thoroughly cleaned. In autumn and winter, during the day, they also ignore the lights and do not just care for the automatic daytime running function, which usually lasts part of the car remains unexposed. In low visibility, drivers should slow down and increase safety distance.

Winter conditions can only be compensated for by quality winter tires

No tire is perfect, it showed the latest test of winter tires made by the Auto Moto Association of Slovenia (AMZS). However, they are more "bad" and "bad", and winter conditions can only cope with high quality, they warn.

To ensure that the annual tire is unsuitable in the winter or that we can only provide safe winter tires for this year's winter season, we also alert our secure staff at AMZS Brane Legan.

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At AMZS, they advise drivers to check the operation of all car lights. Before driving, thoroughly clean all glass surfaces. In autumn and winter, they also need to turn on the dim lights and not rely solely on the automatic daytime running lights, which usually leave the back of the car unlit. In low visibility, drivers should slow down and significantly increase safety distance.

Winter conditions can only be compensated for by quality winter tires

No tire is perfect, it showed the latest test of winter tires made by the Auto Moto Association of Slovenia (AMZS). However, they are better and worse, and winter conditions can only cope with quality, they warn.

That the annual tire is inadequate in the winter or that only high quality winter tires can only be provided for safe driving this season, the AMZS Safety Instructor instructs the legendary Brangan Legan.

The depth of the tire should be at least four millimeters.PHOTO: Thinkstock

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The basic difference between the annual and winter tires is the tread pattern, its shape and the width of the channels. The winter tire has a rubber compound that remains at low temperatures. As the winter tire has a deeper profile, it is better to drain the water from the treadmill. The steps of the steps give more grip in the snow, and a special rubber compound with a combination of silica and kava provides no more grip on snow and ice, also on lonely roads, & # 34; Legan explained.

Winter and summer tires are equivalent to up to seven degrees Celsius in capacity, and at lower temperatures, the annual tire loses grip because it does not heat up. When driving with summer tires at low temperatures, the braking distance is quite long, but also in the curve, the vehicle slides according to Legan's words.

The depth of the profile, which should be at least three millimeters, and tire pressure, which should be checked at least once a month, were heavily influenced by Legan.

Drivers would have to choose the right to buy their new tires according to their own terms and conditions. By choosing the right tire, drivers can also rely on tire testing that is performed by several consumer organizations and driver associations each year.

Large differences in responsiveness of tires under different conditions

The winter tire test of the year by AMZS and its partner organizations showed, among other things, great differences in the responsiveness of tires in various conditions that appear on the road in winter.

Thus, the difference in braking on a dry road at a speed of 100 kilometers per hour on the harder tire of 5.4 meters, and on a wet road, such as 13 meters. According to the division criteria, the worst tire was at a speed of 68 kilometers per hour, and most of the time at 83 kilometers per hour, which was a big difference, he pointed out. Bla & # 382; Powder? Elel of AMZS Motorsport.

Tires vary greatly in fuel consumption. The tire's most important tire consumes 0.3 liters per 100 km less than the weakest tire by this criterion. There are also big differences in wear: with the best tire we can drive up to 40% more than that. miles as the weakest, the differences were summarized by Poel elel.

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"The basic difference between the annual and winter tires is the rolling surface, its shape and the width of the channels. The winter tire has a rubber compound that remains flexible at low temperatures, the tire separates the water from the racing surface the surface provides better grip in the snow, and a special rubber compound with a combination of silica and rubber does not provide better adhesion only in snow and ice but also on wet roads " Legan explained.

Winter and summer tires are equivalent to up to seven degrees Celsius in capacity, and at lower temperatures, the annual tire loses grip because it does not heat up. When pedaling with summer tires, the braking distance is much higher at low temperatures, just as at the curb the vehicle will slide in accordance with Legan's words.

The depth of the profile, which should be at least four millimeters, also has a lot to do, and tire pressure, which should be checked at least once a month, was advised by Legan.

Drivers should choose the right to drive their tires when they buy new tires. By choosing the right tire, drivers can also rely on tire testing that is performed by several consumer organizations and driver associations each year.

Large differences in responsiveness of tires in different conditions

This year's winter tire test conducted by AMZS and partner organizations has shown, among other things, great differences in tire responsiveness under different conditions that appear on the road in winter.

So the difference in braking on a dry road at a speed of 100 miles per hour on the best and worst tire is 5.4 meters and for over 13 meters on a wet road. According to the separation criteria, the worst tire was at a speed of 68 kilometers per hour, and the best at 83 kilometers per hour, which is already a big difference, he said. Blaž Poenel of AMZS Motorsport.

Tires vary greatly in fuel consumption. The most economical tire consumes 0.3 liters per 100 kilometers less than the worst in this criterion. There are also big differences in wear: with the best tire we can carry up to 40 percent more kilometers than the worst, the differences were summarized by Pozenel.

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In the winter tire summer test, were the tires with the most balanced qualities rated best and rated very well for all criteria, Po said? Elel. They recommend that drivers focus not only on the common ratings but also on them choosing a tire that will be the best in terms of lifestyle and voice.

• Those who drive a lot on the mountain roads should choose a tire that is good for driving in the snow. On the other hand, whoever drives a lot on a highway, chooses a tire that is good for wet driving on the run, & # 34; He explained.

The test of the year, according to the words of Poet, also showed that the more snow and ice are more on the tires. For owners of vehicles with tires, of course, this allows type approval, so AMZS recommends the choice of tires for tires. More and more bicycle tires on vehicles, which have been a trend in the automotive industry in recent years, may be a hindrance to the use of snow chains, he cautioned Cohen and the drivers. I advised him to closely consult the instruction manuals of the the dimensions of the tires can not be used by snow chains.

It is also important how the tires are named

Mounting tires should only be carried out by a qualified professional vulcanizer who has the right equipment. Tire pre-assembly can cost more than one car owner; as a vulcanizer service, point to AMZS.

Only if the vehicle tires are properly labeled on the wheel rims will they be used by others, not coded and properly balanced. This will ensure safe and comfortable driving without unnecessary wear and tear. The professionally qualified vulcanizer will also be able to assess and check the condition of tires, including profile depth, rubber compound quality and other possible incidents, as only a quality, flawless tire can play its role and provide the driver with a safe direction they resemble the AMZS.

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These tires, which have the most balanced qualities and get a very good rating for all criteria, were rated better in this year's winter tests, Poženel said. He recommends that drivers not only focus on the common ratings but also choose the tire that will be best suited to their lifestyle and driving style.

"Those who drive a lot on mountain roads should choose a tire that is good for running in the snow, but those who drive a lot on the road choose a tire that is good for running on wet surfaces when it sneezes" He explained.

According to Poinel, this year's test also showed that narrower tires are better for snow and ice. For owners of vehicles with wider tires, of course, this allows them to homologate and therefore AMZS recommends that they choose narrower tires. Larger and wider wheeled vehicles, which have been a trend in the automotive industry in recent years, may be an obstacle to the use of snow chains, Pozenel said and advised motorists to look carefully at the car's instructions for the dimensions of the tires which can not be used by chain snowboards.

It is also important how the tires are fitted

The tire assembly must always be carried out only by a qualified professional vulcanizer who has the right equipment. Remodeling tires at home can cost the car owner more than the vulcanizer service, they warn AMZS.

Only if the vehicle tires are properly mounted on the wheel rims, they will remain intact and properly balanced with the tires. This will ensure a safe and comfortable ride without unnecessary wear and tear. The professionally qualified vulcanizer will also be able to assess and check the condition of the tires, including profile depth, rubber compound quality and other possible damages, as only a quality and flawless tire can play its part and provide the driver a safe driving, AMZS reminders.

The tires of the vehicle must be installed correctly.PHOTO: Thinkstock

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Due to inadequate tire names, sudden drops of pressure can occur and therefore the tire can become completely unusable. The rolling stock of the vehicle or vehicle may also be coded. An improper fit of the wheel can make it disappear, which again is a very dangerous situation, with very unpredictable consequences.

Stroke-related injuries to tires or vehicles that can result from incorrectly named tires can be very high and thus outweigh the price of the vulcanization service, they say. The AMZS also warns about the consequences of a potential traffic accident that can result from bad tires. It should be noted that the driver is not only endangered by a technically inappropriate vehicle, including passengers and other road users, are added.

On colder days, special attention should be given to engine speeds

Temperatures can also affect the operation of engines in cars. The AMZS therefore advises drivers to be more vigilant on cooler days on the "shifts" and are aware that certain parts of the vehicle need more "They do not work optimally.

When you are a car driver of a car, it is not good to leave it any longer. minutes and then in place. With this type of action, the engine is more useful for the car, they warn about the auto-moto connection. The engines are for the & # 269; are designed so that they must first reach the required temperature for optimum performance, which, however, does not arrive fast enough when the engine is left idle. In any case, this does not mean that the motor should be forced at vibration speeds, as it is possible to guess the drive aggregate if they warn about the connection.

The AMZS advises drivers on the coldest days to pay special attention to the number of shifts. Some vehicles even show the recommended number of turns in relation to the engine temperature in their tachographs. And in case of no temperature, it should be remembered that even when the cursor showed a working temperature, other parts of the car that are relevant to its proper functioning and safety of the driver, such as brakes and gearboxes, also require a little more than # 8211; To warm up and work optimally.

However, with lower temperatures, gasoline drivers drive the benefits of diesel powered cars. This is a consequence of the difference in the quality of the mixture in the cylinder, according to the AMZS. They add that, at lower temperatures, the battery's starting capacity is reduced, which also affects the starting itself and is again more responsive to diesel powered vehicles.

At the end of the day, more visibility is also important for the peers

Pedestrians are among the most disadvantaged in traffic. Police found that the frequent "accident" due to improper handling of vehicle drivers. Lots of misery & # 269; also happens due to errors or improper handling of the bottles. In the months when the topic comes first, it is even more important for colleagues to take care of their visibility.

Pe & # 353; ci are namre & # 269; More often in traffic accidents in the fall and winter months when weather conditions are unfavorable, for example due to fog or debris, while the bright part of the day is where the weather is unfavorable. i. In particular, the oldest are the most frequent road accidents. because of their mistakes or because they violate traffic rules, they warn the police.

In this way, the police advise some people to take steps to contribute to their safer participation in traffic. & # 34; Make sure you are visible in traffic; use lightweight fabrics and objects that enhance the visibility of buildings, such as reflective tapes and frets. Try the traffic rules, go to marked passages, cross plaques where they exist, or drive from the left-hand extremity & # 353; & # 353; & # 353; & # 269, from the direction of the walk. And try to anticipate the behavior of other traffic participants, & # 34; they advise you.

Drivers are reminded by the police that they are aware that they are on the roads too, receive priority and speed is adjusted to the situation and consistently takes into account speed limits. In areas where you usually get attached, for example, before settlements, drive "especially carefully." Outside the settlements, however, you drive in the middle of the lane to reduce the chance of a collision with the train that runs on the drive & #; and & # 34; Cops advise them.

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Due to improperly adjusted tires, a sudden drop in pressure can occur and the tire can be completely destroyed due to this. Wheels or chassis may also be damaged. Improper attachment of the wheel can cause it to fall while driving, which again is a very dangerous situation, with very unpredictable consequences, they warn.

The costs associated with tire or vehicle damage that can result from tires not professionally fitted can be very high and thus outweigh the price of the vulcanization service, they say. The AMZS also warns about the consequences of a possible traffic accident that would result from poorly installed tires. It should be emphasized that the driver with a technically inappropriate vehicle not only endangers himself but also his passengers and other road users.

On colder days, special attention must be paid to engine turns

Lower temperatures can also affect the operation of engines in cars. At AMZS, they are warned that on colder days, riders should be more aware of the number of turns and are aware that some parts of the vehicle need more time to get the best performance.

When the driver starts the engine of the car, it is not good to leave it running for several minutes. With such action, the engine is more detrimental than the benefits, warn in the auto-moto connection. The engines are designed to achieve the required temperature for optimum performance as fast as possible, which, however, does not arrive fast enough when the engine is idling. In any case, this does not mean that the motor should be forced at higher speeds as this can damage the drive unit, they are also pointing the connection.

At AMZS, they advise riders on cooler days to pay special attention to the number of laps. Some vehicles even show the recommended number of curves at their engine counts on their counters. But in the case of lower temperatures, it should be noted that even when the pointer already shows the desired temperature, other parts of the car that are important for its proper operation and driver safety – for example, brakes and gearbox – also need more time for them to warm up and start working optimally.

However, at lower temperatures, gasoline drivers drive the advantages of diesel-powered cars. This is due to the difference in ignition of the mixture in the cylinder, according to the AMZS. They also add that, at lower temperatures, the battery's starting capacity is reduced, which also affects the moment itself and reflects again on diesel vehicles.

On shorter days, better visibility is also important for pedestrians

Pedestrians are among the most endangered traffic participants. Police say pedestrians are often the victims of accidents due to improper handling of motorists. Many accidents also occur due to errors or improper pedestrian handling. In the months when the theme comes first, it is even more important that pedestrians also take care of their visibility.

Pedestrians are most often involved in road accidents in the fall and winter months when weather conditions are unfavorable, for example due to fog or rain, while the shortest part of the day is shorter. In particular, the elderly are mostly victims of traffic accidents because of their failures or because they violate traffic rules, police warn.

Police advise pedestrians on some of the measures that may contribute to safer traffic participation. "Be sure to watch the traffic, wear clothes and bright objects that improve the visibility of pedestrians, such as reflective tapes and fireworks. Observe traffic rules, cross the road in marked passages, walk along the sidewalks where they exist or left the edge of the carriage in the direction of the walk.And try to anticipate the behavior of other road users " advise on pedestrians.

Drivers warn drivers that they should be aware of the fact that on the roads they are also pedestrians, prioritize them, and adjust the speed to the situation and strictly observe the speed limits. "In areas where pedestrians are generally overflying, for example, in schools, in settlements, drive with special care. Drive out of settlements in the middle of the lane to reduce the chance of a pedestrian walk along the road" still advised by police officers.


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