Early season of ticks, experts warn about risk of infections



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With warmer weather and activities in nature, the likelihood of infection by tick-borne diseases increases and can seriously compromise our health. In Slovenia, the most frequent Lyme borreliosis and benign meningoencephalitis, which can be protected against vaccination. Infections are exposed to people of all ages.

According to the National Institute of Public Health (NIJZ), about 4,334 people suffered from Lyme borreliosis and 102 people died of tingling meningoencephalitis. Slovenia is one of the endemic areas and, according to the frequency of benign meningoencephalitis, belongs to the top of European countries.




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Slovenia is ranked at the European peak according to the frequency of benign meningoencephalitis

While borellium-infected bats are scattered throughout the country, ticks infected with the benign meningoencephalitis agent are the highest in Gorenjska, Carinthia and the Ljubljana region. There is no human vaccine against Lyme borreliosis, treated with antibiotics. The treatment is very successful and easy at the beginning of the course of the disease, and a little more complicated in the outdated forms of the disease, which are rare.




Ticks infected with the agent causing benign meningoencephalitis are the highest in Gorenjska, Carinthia and Ljubljana.


Ticks infected with the agent causing benign meningoencephalitis are the highest in Gorenjska, Carinthia and Ljubljana.
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The disease usually begins with redness, which occurs from a few days to a month after the bank spill, spreads slowly, in the pale middle and receives the shape of the ring. Skin changes usually go away after a few weeks. Late or even several years after infection, a disturbance of the nervous system, joints or heart may occur.




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Nearly 3,500 Slovenes have died this year due to bank bite




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The disease can have lasting consequences, and domestic animals can also be infected

Tinnitus meningoencephalitis is a serious viral inflammation of the central nervous system. The first stage of the illness begins about a week to 14 days after a stool with bad feeling, muscle pain, headache and fever. In most patients, after the intermediate improvement, a second stage of high fever, high headache, nausea, vomiting and even unconsciousness and death may occur.

The disease can have lasting consequences, including headaches, dizziness, hearing loss, decreased ability to concentrate, depression and mood disorders, autonomic nervous system disorders, and paralysis. The disease in most cases requires hospitalization and can have a significant impact on quality of life even after recovery.




Meningoencephalitis due to tinnitus in the vast majority of cases requires hospitalization and can have a significant impact on quality of life even after recovery.


Meningoencephalitis due to tinnitus in the vast majority of cases requires hospitalization and can have a significant impact on quality of life even after recovery.
Photo: Thinkstock

Domestic animals such as goats, sheep and cows can also be infected with the tick-borne meningoencephalitis virus. These animals are not natural hosts of the virus, but the infected animal can secrete the virus into its milk. Thus, the consumption of milk and non-pasteurized dairy products can also be caused by people. In 2012, the first case of an outbreak of benign meningoencephalitis after ingesting raw goat's milk was proven in Slovenia.




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Experts recommend vaccination, three doses of vaccine are needed

Vaccination against benign meningoencephalitis is recommended by specialists to all one-year-olds moving or living in an area where pituitary meningoencephalitis is endemic. It is recommended that vaccination with the first two doses be performed in the winter months prior to tick activity.

The second dose of primary vaccination follows the first dose after one month and the third dose is five to 12 months. The first stimulant dose is needed three years later, and then five years in order to maintain an adequate level of protection. Vaccination can be done in NIJZ regional units and selected doctors.




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On the march there are banks that carry dangerous diseases










The banks are mainly in the underground forest, in the bushes of mixed wet forests, in the grass and even in the garden. As soon as the soil temperature increases, it becomes active. On trips and excursions to nature, therefore, we protect ourselves in front of the bank with clothes where the skin is covered as much as possible, repellent is also used, we advise about NIJZ. After returning from nature, we carefully examined the body, rubbed and washed the head.

If you notice a bench during the examination, remove it carefully as soon as possible. "The seat is taken with tapered tweezers as close to the skin as possible and with a constant movement is removed. If the seat parts remain in the skin, they should be removed as soon as possible." To remove ticks from the skin, we do not use oil, cream, oil or other ointments.

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