The UK is becoming the leader of wind farms. A week ago, the island kingdom added another remarkable landmark when the Hornsea One wind farm was attached to the network.
We have already reported on this extraordinary plant, which, with a final capacity of 1.2 GW, can be compared to nuclear power plants. By the way, all NPP Mochovce will have capacity of 4 x 440 MW after the completion of Units 3 and 4.
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Only a third of the mill is located in the North Sea, about 120 km east of Grimsby. In the end it can supply one million households, currently only 287,000 households.
The largest wind power plant currently operates 50 of a total of 174 wind turbines. The production capacity of 1.2 GW, which is achieved after construction, is almost double the performance of the current largest offshore wind facility. It's also in the UK. The Walney Extension is located in the Irish Sea, on the coast of Cumbria, in north-west England. Its 84 wind turbines generate 659 MW of power.
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The report, published by WindEurope, states that the UK has the largest offshore wind generation capacity in Europe.
By the end of 2018, the country had a production capacity of 8.2 gigawatts, representing 44% of all offshore wind capacity in Europe. At the same time, in 2018, 1.3 GW of wind energy was added in the UK.
Together with Germany, which has 6.4 GW of capacity in offshore wind farms and 1 GW per year, these two countries cover 80% of Europe's wind power output.
Other coastal countries have only a small fraction of the capacity of wind farms compared to the leaders. The only exceptions are Belgium, the Netherlands and Denmark, each with more than 1 GW of installed capacity abroad.
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On the other hand, France (2 MW), Norway (2 MW), Spain (10 MW) and Ireland (50 MW) are far behind the leaders. But this also applies to countries outside Europe, where, for example, the US has only 30 MW (or 0.03 GW) of installed capacity in offshore wind farms.
However, this will change in the near term, since the Trump administration also supports the construction of offshore wind farms in addition to coal mining. Although solar power plants include wind power plants as unstable sources of electricity, they have an advantage over photovoltaic plants – winds usually blow at night.