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Home / slovakia / Škoda Felicia celebrates 25 years. What was the first post-revolutionary Czech car? – Magazine – Automotive

Škoda Felicia celebrates 25 years. What was the first post-revolutionary Czech car? – Magazine – Automotive

Felicia was not a new car, but the range ...

Felicia was not entirely new
car, but the scope of the adjustments in this modernized "favorite" went beyond
of the term facelift. The name dusted off the glory of a beautiful convertible of
in the sixties and should start a new era of the Czech brand.


A modern model of the Škoda under the wings of the Volkswagen Group
started the new Octavia in 1996. However, it was already a German concern five
owner of the majority Skoda package. This time they kept the car factory
on water two main models – Favorit and Felicia. Finally, it is known that
Volkswagen would never have entered Skoda had it not been for a Favorit. It was not
no technical miracle, but a modern Bertone, a hatchback body
the cross engine concept and front wheel drive gave a great chance
life. This is exactly what the VW Group needed. The team gained time to develop new

Originally Felicia was formed during socialism in ...

Originally Felicia was created in the past.
socialism on the boards of independent damage development. The merger with Volkswagen nik
nechyroval. It was proposed again by Bertone studio as a favorite of modernization.
There was also a fictional sedan.
Author: Skoda-Auto

And Felicia? It was just a modernized Favorit and actually the last
developed by Škoda. Everyone else was already using more expensive platforms
and the Volkswagen technique. Of course, the name is not new. Appeared for a year
1959 on the wings of a beautiful convertible built on the Skoda
440 Spartak. And Škoda has not forgotten Felicia, but many are convinced
which is one of the most beautiful models in its history. Already before 1989,
when Favorit was coming in, he started working on it
to the successor with code number 791 and wonder to the world he must endure
name Felicia. Obviously, the merger with Volkswagen was not yet
dreamed. Socialism "raged" outside the windows.

Was still under socialism

Skoda again asked Bertone for help. Even before the fall
Iron curtain was the design of a compact Felicia hatchback, which
we could call Facelift Favorit. The money for the new model simply wasn't.
In addition, Bertone has created a sedan version codenamed 792,
794, 795 and even the 793 3-door coupe. Some of these cars
already existed in the form of mockups. But Skoda's change of ownership made
The original plan cuts the budget. The fate of the car firmly understood
Volkswagen Initially, he launched his favorite action models, such as Sport Line,
The Green Line and 1993 enhanced Favorit with 548 improvements, as
reported a spectacular advertising campaign.

After VW Group entered Škoda, the original ...

After VW concern entered Škoda
The original designs went to the drawer. Started again. But the base remained

Author: Skoda-Auto

The reconstructed Favorit was the first Škoda that was already partially
respected Volkswagen's quality standards, but it was obvious that
had the best times. In Mladá Boleslav's development councils, therefore,
since 1991, shortly after Volkswagen's membership, began feverishly
to work in the new Felicia. Several suggestions were made. But the group decided
which will not be a totally new model, but a major modernization of Favorit. in
The first Skoda platform car had to wait a little longer.
However, the concept of Favorite still had potential and allowed to sustain
the low price at that time for the success of the new felicia and therefore
Damage throwing up only one model, the key.

The connection with Favorit was ...

The connection with Favorit was obvious.
at first sight. Despite the rounded edges, Felicia used the original windows,
the skeleton also does not bake the sealing strip that extended from the front post
to the end of the roof. However, the overall impression of the project went beyond expectations.


In 1992, the first prototypes in the world, a year later was the turn
verification series. Felicia went beyond what might be termed
facelift. Up to 1,187 components have been reworked or new, but new
The car was definitely not. The skeleton or windows remained original. Zato pri
the body surface parts have undergone quite radical changes.
Bertone's proportions look much more attractive when rounding edges.
In addition, Felicia boasted better aerodynamics. Coefficient of Resistance
of air fell from Cd 0.36 to 0.34. Price pressure, however, completely hides Felicia
He did not know. She could only dream of glued glass or a new door construction,
that would match the ceiling panel. She still had to wear taste
a thick seal that extended from the front posts to the end

Rounded Favorit has old engines

External modifications were also influenced by the change in dimensions. Compared with Favorit
Felicia was 40 mm longer. In length, it averaged 3,855 mm, which was
for example, more than Polo. The wheelbase with a value of 2 450 mm must be considered
did not change the original platform. But at that time he represented in the category
lower class still above the standard. Reworked chassis
McPherson front wheels with negative wheel deflection and rear crank
the stabilizer enriched the shaft. Disc brakes used by Felicia only
front. Basically, the chassis was again just a modified version of Favorit. and
Unfortunately, the same happened with engines.

Škoda had to forget about the 4 cylinders, practically finished and developed by the authors.
with a capacity of 1.4 and 1.6 liters, equipped with an OHC collector. Group management for them
I had no understanding. Again, only the volume-modified aggregate was placed under the hood.
1 289 ccm OHV, which was founded upon the revolutionary arrival
Damage 1000 MB. On the other hand, it was made of aluminum and therefore very light. was
In fact, it is the first aluminum engine of an entire megakoncerne VW. It is because
with the development of engines did not hurry too much, stayed true to cast iron and the like
He was also "conservative" later in the introduction of four-valve technology.
Old Favorit engines, however, received Bosch electronic fuel injection
Monomotron and offered a power of 40 or 45 kW.

The completely redesigned interior has been completely ...

Completely redesigned interior
received a new panel and door panels. Workshop also improved
processing. The equipment was worse. Electric windows or
air conditioning came later. Even the tachometer was just a surcharge.


Felicia almost unchanged also took over the 5-speed manual. Technique a
Mladá Boleslav's performance did not dazzle at all, but on the other hand
It was incredibly light. The weight was only 930 kg! Today they weigh a lot
Concepts full of carbon and magnesium. So even the old engines did it
move to a hundred in 16 and 18 acceptable seconds, respectively. Europol
1.4i took only two seconds less. And Felicia was suing
in other parameters. For example, space
interior, which benefited from the above-standard width.

Higher quality costs more

Three passengers were seated smoothly. The same thing happened with the trunk
with a capacity of 272 liters. Until the new Fabia
1999 had a minor. What about the VW Polo? Lost to Felicia in 1994
Volume of 30 liters. This was partly due to Favorit's genes, which were
designed even as a lower middle class model. So as a competitor of VW
Golf or Opel Kadett. But Felicia was already a clear competitor of Polo. for
Outside the virtue of emergency can also be marked changes inside. Was Filled
Hard and cheap plastics, but everything was saved by a very friendly design.
The Felicia panel with a black instrument panel really made a
Door panels with similar shapes could not be compared with Favorit.

Felicia has dominated contemporary competition ...

Dominated the competition
Felicia size of the interior and suitcase. Both the VW Polo and Ford Fiesta were

Author: Skoda-Auto

Grade improved workshop processing, joints between plastics
the parts narrowed and the equipment entered the previously unthinkable elements.
For example, air conditioning, power steering, painted plastic parts
body or leather accessories. Skoda offered two levels of LX and GLX equipment and
power of two engines. Everything was prepared precisely for mass production
September 5, 1994. On October 17, a spectacular performance followed
public. Felicia revealed it directly on the Charles Bridge. At the same time, it was
Great press presentation at one of Prague's hotels. Felicia
it filled the pages of newspapers and magazines like Favorit five years earlier.
It was an event of national importance. His eyes drew wherever he was.
He showed up.

The completely redesigned interior has been completely ...

Completely redesigned interior
received a new panel and door panels. Workshop also improved
processing. The equipment was worse. Electric windows or
air conditioning came later. Even the tachometer was just a surcharge.


But the new and better car was also more expensive. While Favorit remained under
CZK 200,000, Felicia started with a price of 209,000 kroner. in
at that time it was another independent Slovakia. Felicia soon
but it was still incomparably less
Competition from Western Europe or Japan. The equipment was modest,
No electric window, tachometer or ABS was made, customers do it
However, this did not prevent. In the same year felda won the title Auto
year in the Czech Republic and the lines were running full steam ahead. post
the best selling car in the domestic and Slovakian market held steady
in your hands until Fabia arrives.

Also successful in the West

And that's a year later on the scale of the Brno Motor Show model.
grew by a practical state, replacing the original Forman. Czech dream
was born. Suitcase increased by body extension
(4,205 mm) to 447 liters. It was up to 1,366 liters after the backrests were lowered,
and if you disassemble the seats, Felicia Estate may be charged
1,475 liters of luggage. For that money, you are nothing more practical to get
they could not. And in the fall, a new German heart was moved under the hood –
4 1.6i (55 kW) cast iron cylinders from Volkswagen and even in atmosphere
1.9D diesel chamber (47 kW). In fact, it was the first Škoda refueling diesel.
It consumed only 5.6 liters of diesel on average, but had its own toll.

In 1995, Felicia got the first most powerful engine ...

In 1995, Felicia got the first
most powerful 1.6i (55 kW) engine from Volkswagen. He was flexible and quiet, but
very heavy. Destroyed the front axle.
Author: Skoda-Auto

The huge engine overloaded the front axle. Still hard
steering therefore in combination with the diesel series booster! in
one for an additional charge. A tachometer was added in series. Also grew
optional equipment. For the first time in Skoda appeared, in addition to the reinforcement
driver's airbag that brought a new 4-spoke steering wheel and even
ABS anti-lock braking system. In 1995, when Škoda celebrated the centenary,
Limited Edition Laurin & Klement. By then, the tallest
GLX's second "spicy" airbag, central locking, leather
upholstered, 14 inch aluminum discs or front heated
seats. Something unprecedented for damage.

Felicia worked a lot on the version ...

Felicia did a lot of work
in the form of a version of pikap. In the West, it was even sold with the VW es logo.
Volkswagen Caddy.
Author: Skoda-Auto

Felicia also had relatively good reviews in the foreign market. for example
in the German comparison test with the VW Polo dominated the big space
head Two thirds of the production was exported. It was exported to Germany,
United Kingdom, France, Denmark, Spain, Italy, Turkey or
Israel. In Poland, it was even mounted in Poznań for tax legislation.
Skoda has supported sales due to a flood of other limited editions, usually
intended for foreign markets only. For example, Germans could enjoy
Blue Sky Edition with Webasto Canvas Electric Roof, but
sales, which appeared in 1995, were particularly important for sales; and
utility Felicia Van Plus, derived from the real estate version.

The last facelift of 1998

Pikap went on sale in some markets like Volkswagen Caddy
Changed front mask, VW logo and VW Polo units. Until 1996, it remained
Anyway, it's a pity just one leg. The other just came with the arrival
a new Octavia. Octavia was the first Skoda platform car
with the use of VW technology, particularly the Volkswagen Golf. On your arrival
Felicia also answered. Reinforced your position reinforced body, engine
with a volume of 1.3 liters (still with OHV distribution) received cam timing and
Siemens multipoint injection with MPI designation. This year appeared
and the famous Felicia Fun. Pikap sharply adjusted yellow color had
an original sliding rear wall of the cabin with a retractable seat.

In 1998, an extensive facelift was launched.

In 1998, it reached a large scale
facelift. Felicia received a mask that evokes a new, bigger and more expensive model.
Octavia. But his career was coming to an end.
Author: Skoda-Auto

Only in 1998, however, did Felicia receive a new face mask, which clearly
reported to his older, more modern and more expensive sister – Octavia.
He also brought a new hood or bumper and a 28mm extension.
The debut of facelift in Paris was made more attractive by Škoda with the Golden Prague Sat version.
body gold lacquer, which, however, never went into production. finally,
Felicia's career was slowly coming to an end. In 1999, it became
new star Fabia is the main star of the Frankfurt Motor Show. Direct Successor
Felicia, however, had to wait for the free field. Felicia Production
moved to the Kvasiny factory and continued until 2001.
In fact, the "favorite" lived until the new millennium.

Newer versions had very decent equipment ...

The latest versions were very decent
equipment and a couple of airbags. Printing was enhanced by a lighter aircraft

Author: Skoda-Auto

The last white hatchback came off the lines on June 21. feather
over seven years, production recorded a total of
1 420 441 parts produced. Of these, 915,843 were hatchbacks and
351 905. There are 124 565 samples by Feliciu pikap. They are the rarest
Felicia Fun. Only 4,016 were created.
commit. Finally, tens of thousands of parts are still in service. Was
last "Czech" car which also resulted in low service costs and
indeed, the last folk Škoda. Spare parts prices are
literally a penny case. Keep Felicia in good shape, no
It's still a problem today. Also, many repairs can be done in the garage, whatever
about Fabia can no longer be said.

Repairs for a few euros

This is one of the reasons why homeowners have always been tolerant of Felicia's shortcomings. and not
the few of them. Probably the biggest embarrassment was the lack of anti-corrosion treatment.
body. Especially in the back. Rusty rear cover and fenders have become
Felicia's chronic disease throughout her career. Limited life
they also had front axle pins and bushings. Especially versions with high
Volkswagen 1.6-liter cast-iron engines, not to mention diesel. They also left
alternators and gearshift insufficiently closed. Similarly unreliable
was the tilt control of the headlight.

A rare version of Felicia Fun has also emerged from ...

A rare version was created from the hood.
Felicia Fun with sliding rear panel and folding seats –
a kind of hooded convertible. Škoda produced only 4,016 pieces


Obviously all this could be corrected, but there were errors of
births that you simply could not do anything about. If you do not
A reinforcement that was missing on most Felicia, with her taking you down
paradoxically more than older models 110, 120
1970 and 1980 with rear engine. Neither travel accuracy
Felicia did not dazzle. And then there is a higher noise and transmission mechanism or
frequent idle fluctuations due to throttle clogging
tab. Many, however, are compensated for by a reliable direct indestructible motor and
Simple construction of the whole car.

Felicia has thus made its owners an invaluable service and concern.
Volkswagen eventually too. And maybe retired unnecessarily early.
If he could drill a hole in Renault with Dacia Logan, she would also
Pity with Felicia. Maybe he wanted something more fundamental here
modernization and relocation of production somewhere outside the country of origin. As he showed
the Logan project, the cheap, practical and simple car concept still knows
even in advanced economies like France and France
Germany. Felicia undoubtedly found these attributes. Your successor



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