Fungal infections are a relatively common problem in pregnancy.
In most cases, yeast appears in the second trimester. Although this is not a serious problem, the symptoms are very uncomfortable and cause much discomfort to the future mummy. In more severe cases, however, yeast infections can increase the risk of preterm birth and cause some health problems in the baby. Therefore, it is important to address this problem as soon as possible.
Yeast infection is most often caused by Candida albicans. This fungus is a common part of the vaginal microflora, but if it multiplies, there is an unpleasant infection.
The symptoms of yeast infection are itching, vaginal burning and irregular white discharge. The vagina is usually irritated and red, sometimes swollen. In fungal infection, sexual intercourse is often accompanied by pain.
Why in pregnancy?
Many women suffer from fungal infections at different times in their lives, and some of these infections are recurrent. However, pregnant women are more susceptible to fungal infections. The body undergoes major hormonal changes during pregnancy. Thus, the main cause are hormones, especially the increased level of estrogen. Higher levels of estrogen contribute to the deposition of glycogen in the vaginal mucosa, which promotes yeast growth.
If you have any medication at home that you used before pregnancy to treat a fungal infection, do not use these medicines without your doctor's advice during pregnancy. It is always best to consult your gynecologist for any unpleasant symptoms to investigate and recommend appropriate treatment.
Sometimes a woman may mistakenly think that the symptoms are yeast infection, and the real reason may be a sexual disease or a bacterial infection. Therefore, it is really appropriate to leave the diagnosis to a doctor.
The sooner the yeast infection starts to treat, the better. Untreated infection often creeps and complicates, causing unnecessary discomfort and discomfort.
The doctor usually prescribes a suitable suppository, ointment, or other medication to a pregnant woman.
Therapy can also be supported as follows:
– wearing light cotton underwear
– at night it is good to sleep without panties
– Watch out for wet swimsuits – if you are suffering from yeast, it is best to avoid public swimming pools, thermal baths and the like during pregnancy.
– do not use fabric softener in the underwear, you can add an extra rinse cycle to wash (it is recommended to use a little vinegar instead of fabric softener because the vinegar has disinfectant effects)
– Beware of bath gels or soaps – these can have a negative impact on the vaginal environment and contribute even more to the problems. Some doctors recommend washing with clean water only.
– Talk to a doctor about probiotics suitable for pregnant women. Probiotics promote immunity and a healthy microflora. You can also add more dairy products containing probiotics to your diet.
– Last but not least, yeasts live on sugar, so it is important to limit sugar in the diet.
Can they harm a baby?
In most cases, yeast infection in pregnancy is not dangerous to the baby. However, if it is not treated or diagnosed by a woman, the situation can become complicated.
Some sources report premature delivery among the risks of untreated and highly developed yeast infection. The baby can also be infected during childbirth, and fungal infection usually manifests in the infant's mouth as a toad or in the form of an unpleasant diaper dermatitis.