Deaths from infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria will skyrocket over the next two decades, along with huge economic costs, without immediate, ambitious and coordinated action, the World Health Organization (WHO) and partners said on Monday.
According to an innovative report, the UN Ad Hoc Group on Antimicrobial Resistance warned that if no action is taken, drug-resistant diseases can cause 10 million deaths each year by 2050 and damage to the economy as catastrophic during 2008-2009. global financial crisis. By 2030, antimicrobial resistance could force up to 24 million people to extreme poverty.
Currently, at least 700,000 people die each year from drug-resistant diseases, including 230,000 people dying from multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.
Increasingly common diseases, including respiratory and urinary tract infections, as well as sexually transmitted infections, are incurable; life-saving medical procedures are becoming much more risky, and our food systems are increasingly precarious, the report says.
"We are at a critical point in the fight to protect some of our most essential medicines," said Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General and IACG co-chair. "This report makes concrete recommendations that can save thousands of lives every year."
The world is already feeling the economic and health consequences as crucial drugs become ineffective. Without investment from countries across all income brackets, future generations will face the disastrous impacts of uncontrolled antimicrobial resistance.
Recognizing that human, animal, food and environmental health are closely interlinked, the report calls for a coordinated and multisectoral approach to "One Health".
- prioritize national action plans to expand funding and capacity-building efforts;
- implement stronger regulatory systems and support awareness programs for the responsible and prudent use of antimicrobials by human, animal, and plant health professionals;
- investing in ambitious research and development of new technologies to combat antimicrobial resistance; and
- urgently eliminate the use of critically important antimicrobials as growth promoters in agriculture.
"Antimicrobial resistance is one of the greatest threats we face as a global community. This report reflects the depth and scope of the response needed to stem its rise and protect a century of health progress, "said Amina Mohammed, UN Deputy Secretary-General and co-chair of the IACG.
"This rightly emphasizes that there is no time to wait and I urge all stakeholders to act on their recommendations and work urgently to protect our people and planet and ensure a sustainable future for all," he added.
The report highlights the need for coordinated and intensive efforts to overcome antimicrobial resistance: a major barrier to achieving many of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals (ODS), including universal health coverage, safe and protected food, sustainable agricultural systems and clean water. sanitation.