Experts warn of global crisis – due to non-vaccination



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The lack of public confidence in vaccination means that the world is a step back in the fight against deadly infectious diseases, which can be prevented by vaccination, experts warn. The largest global study to date on the degree of immunization indicates a worrying fact that vaccine confidence in some regions is extremely low.

Wellcome research on the global monitor has shown that only half the people in some parts of Europe think the vaccines are safe. According to public opinion polls, which involved 140,000 people from 140 countries in the world, there is a serious crisis in Europe about confidence in immunization.

Only 59 percent of people in Western Europe and 50 percent in Eastern Europe believe that vaccines are safe, while globally, 79 percent of the population believes in the benefits of vaccination. France, according to the study, despite a good health and education system, has the highest level of mistrust in vaccination, only 33 percent.

Around the world, 84% of people admit that vaccines are effective and 92% say their children have been vaccinated.

In North America, South and Northern Europe, just over 70% of respondents believe that vaccines are safe.

The World Health Organization (WHO) said that vaccine resistance is one of the top ten health threats in the world.

Dr. Ann Lindstrand, an immunization expert at WHO, said the current situation is extremely serious.

"Resistance to vaccines has the potential, even in some contexts, to actually undermine the great progress made by the world in the control of diseases that can be prevented by vaccination, any recurrence of these diseases we see is an unacceptable step backward."

Vaccines protect billions of people around the world, thanks to which some of the diseases, such as the larynx, have been eliminated and have led to the almost complete elimination of diseases such as childhood paralysis. However, some diseases, such as smallpox, are re-expanding around the world due to reduced immunization.

Increase in smallpox epidemics It was recorded in the United States (980 and 2019) and throughout Europe. In Ukraine, which had the highest number of patients last year, a total of 53,218 cases, only 50% of respondents believe that vaccines are effective. In Belarus, 46%, Moldova 48 and Russia 62%.

Where the confidence percentage above 70% did not rule out the possibility of introducing a rule that vaccination should be mandatory. Italy, in which 75% of people believe vaccines are safe, recently introduced a law that prevents children who are not immunized from attending daycare centers.

One of the main causes of greater mistrust is fear and misinformation. Dr Heidi Larson, director of the Confidence-Building Trust at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, told The Guardian that social networking has heightened suspicion.

"Social media is extremely unstable. They have completely changed the image," says dr. Larson, adding that it is difficult for scientists to combat the spread of misinformation in social media because this is often not entirely public. Much has been transferred to private Facebook groups and other similar forums, all inaccessible.

Interestingly, in the world's poorest worlds, people now believe more that vaccines are safe and know the benefits of immunization. The largest number of those who believe in vaccine safety is 95% in South Asia and then in East Asia, where the percentage is 92%.

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