A radical change in Arab-Egyptian relations has been witnessed over the past five years, which has also witnessed a shift in the internal level towards stability after the tension and chaos that prevailed in the country after the Muslim Brotherhood's domination over the reins of government by a year sabotage the regional and international relations of Egypt also to a large extent Stability in the Egyptian street during the revolution of June 30, 2013, which was the beginning of the period of re-strengthening relations at all levels of foreigners, especially at the Arab level because of the crises that hit several countries, so that Egypt is in the leading role in the region S not just watch or support.
Researcher at the Arab Research and Study Center Mustafa Salah said the events of the June 30 revolution helped Egypt to return to Arab arms, taking into account the regional rejection of political leadership in Egypt, especially the activities of the Muslim Brotherhood in many Arab countries that threaten the security of Egypt. And the stability of the region. So the rise of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to the government represents the beginning of the first guarantee of Egypt's return to the incubator in relation to security archives and inter-political relations with Arab countries. external relations with the geographical environment, which represents the first guarantee of security and stability. Area Rar.
Researchers: The June 30 revolution helped restore Egypt to embrace the Arabs Cairo has become more active in regional and international archives
Egypt has helped many Arab countries to adopt policies to eliminate the causes of instability such as regional security issues and terrorist activities in many Arab countries, such as Libya and the Hazem storm led by Saudi Arabia in cooperation with some Arab countries. Adopt an Arab-Arab agenda that will increase the rate of stability and the growth of a state of brotherhood among the Arab countries. "
He added that since the outbreak of the crisis in Libya, Egypt has adopted a foreign policy with geographic proximity to ensure the stability of these countries, and thus provided political solutions to bring together parties, adding, "Since the outbreak of the Libyan revolution, Egypt has worked to crystallize Arab-Arab solutions through the League of States or through bilateral relations with the internal parties of Libya ».
On Syria, the researcher specializing in international relations, said that Egypt's role in Syria was through the Arab League, where he supported all steps supported by the League to resolve the crisis, beginning with the peace plan, sending delegates from the Arab League to see the internal situation, It maintains the unity and independence of Syria far from the intervention of the non-Arab regional states.
Internal stability has been reflected in external relations .. and Sisi's relations with the Gulf and Egypt have spoken about the Arab position internationally
On the right side, Salah said that Egypt's foreign policy was to confront groups below country level. Egypt has a policy towards these groups, be it the Brotherhood, the Houthis or the Hizbullah in Lebanon, and continues: Egypt against the armed groups, and therefore face the pretext of international intervention using these groups and use them to strengthen the internal divisions in the Arab countries, noting that we are a barrier to these groups with regard to regional efforts or Arab-Arab alliances, or the regional responsibility of Egypt in this context, and continued: Efforts to deal with this Both groups at home Egyptian or abroad in the Arab country in general.
On the Palestinian issue, the researcher said that Egypt made a proposal to reject American recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine when it was a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council and also mobilized international efforts to mobilize support for resolution , including Egyptian delegations that visited the Gaza Strip and the Palestinian Authority. Reorganize the Palestinian home from within and contribute to the crystallization of a coalition government on both sides to ensure international recognition. Egypt also worked to implement Arab efforts through the League of Nations and took positions against arbitrary international resolutions. From Israel and to move your embassy there, as Egypt has provided many ways for development assistance within Palestine and provide in-kind assistance and material.
As for Egypt's divergence from the US over the Palestinian question, in light of Egypt's privileged relations with the United States, he said that Egypt's diversification of foreign policy allowed it to adopt balanced relations with its Arab environment or the international environment. "Egypt has been in international isolation in terms of its political decision, geographic reach or international platforms, so it augments Egyptian foreign policy, being able to implement its foreign policy as it was before.Use and employ many of its bilateral relations in the interest Arab peoples or in the interests of their foreign policy '.
Dr Mohamed Sadek Ismail, director of the Arab Center for Political and Strategic Studies, said that Egypt's role after 2013 in the Arab region was very influential and that the relationship with the six Gulf countries was a kind of apathy. There is some concern in the Gulf about the situation in Egypt and the Egyptian policies towards the Gulf states and added that after Sisi's inauguration he sought to re-establish relations with the Gulf states, noting that President Al-Sisi and Arabia themselves Saudi. Support for U30 Revolution He said there is a strategic partnership between Egypt and the Gulf States at all levels. For a month you meet a Gulf president in Egypt, or the president al-Sisi goes to one of the Gulf states. In the context of the Qatar crisis, Egypt and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries were in close contact. "We remember, of course, the statement by President al-Sisi, which expresses Egypt's enthusiasm for the Arab Gulf region, as well as Egypt's support and participation in the Arab alliance in Yemen led by Saudi Arabia. Strongly for the Gulf region Mr Sisi went to the Sultanate of Oman, which is always neutral on various issues, all suggesting that there are excellent relations with the GCC countries, except for Qatar, as a result of the crisis and its interference in matters of Arab countries.
He said that in 2014 Egypt was trying to open new relations with the Palestinian factions, Fatah and Hamas, to take care of common interests between the two sides and bring the closest views, pointing out that Egypt welcomed the Fatah leaders, Mohammed Dahlan, to try to restore "Hamas" Foreign Minister Sameh Shukri's visit to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to discuss reopening of Palestinian talks, noting that Egypt confirms all international fora and events in Afghanistan and his rejection of US policies on the Golan and the recognition of Israeli Jerusalem.
As for Libya, Ismail said that Egypt presented the political solution and brought the Libyan political parties to the heart of Cairo more than once, whether the President of the House of Representatives Aqila Saleh or the president of the Fayez Al-Sarraj Presidential Council or Marshal Khalifa Hafer, and supported the Libyan National Army. In addition, there is ongoing coordination between the two sides on common borders and Egypt's desire to calm the political crisis. "In 2015, President al-Sisi proposed a solution to the Syrian crisis, which is summarized in several items, including buffer zones and others." Today we are talking about buffer zones. Egypt to host the Syrians in their territory and not stay in theirs, and one on the border and considered them Egyptians in the land of Egypt ».
On the issue of terrorism, Egypt coordinated with Arab countries, such as Jordan as a strategic partner, and with Iraq, where it met with Iraqi Prime Minister Adil Abdel-Mahdi last month, an Arab-European summit, a summit Afro-European. "He added," All these things suggest that Egypt has shifted from the issue of interest to the outside, and attention abroad may reflect on the stability of inner things and these relations with the Arab dimension to continually sleep, even when Egypt is for international forums. Trump was expressing the Yeh Arab issues and the Arab point of view, and not just from Egypt's point of view ».