A low-carbohydrate diet can improve your condition with metabolic syndrome and without weight loss. It was discovered by US scientists, having conducted a study with the participation of 16 people, who for three months sat on diets with a different proportion of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Half of the participants no longer fit the criteria necessary for the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome, according to an article published in JCI Insight.
One of the clear signs of the metabolic syndrome is obesity and, in particular, a large accumulation of fat in the waist region. By itself, being overweight, however, can not be considered sufficient for diagnosis: the syndrome also exhibits insulin resistance and impaired metabolism of fats and carbohydrates in the body.
At the same time, the most common treatment for metabolic syndrome is precisely weight loss due to physical exertion and diet. Scientists led by Parker Hyde of Ohio State University have decided to test whether a change in diet can affect the metabolic syndrome without losing weight.
The study participants (16 in total: all were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome) for three months, in turn, sat on three diets: low, high and medium carbohydrate in relation to fats and proteins. To maintain their original body weight, they needed to consume 2,950 kcal per day. There was a period of two weeks between the three diets, during which participants could eat as they usually did.
Scientists have found that, compared to other diets, foods low in carbohydrates have a positive effect on the elimination of symptoms of the metabolic syndrome: the fat oxidation process has improved (p
Based on the results of their experience, scientists have suggested that the main indicator of the metabolic syndrome is not an increase in fat mass but an inability to absorb normal carbohydrates. Therefore, a decrease in carbohydrate intake, in his view, can have a positive impact on human health and reduce the risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease, which often accompany the metabolic syndrome.
Nutrition can also affect other signs of the metabolic syndrome. A month ago, another group of scientists showed that daily consumption of dried blueberries, equivalent to 150 grams of fresh fruit, can significantly improve heart health.