According to the latest statistics published by the World Health Organization, cancer is a disease that affects more and more people in the world.
Thus, it is estimated that by 2018 the number of diseases will reach 18.1 million and the number of deaths by 9.6 million.
Cancer remains the second leading cause of death following cardiovascular disease, but experts arrive with positive news: 30 to 50% of cancers can be prevented through a healthy lifestyle.
Elimination of smoking, a balanced diet, moderate movement, and compliance with proven medical evaluations could reduce the risk of cancer.
In the case of women, breast cancer is number one in the number of diseases and cervical cancer is the fourth place. Both types of cancer can be treated successfully if women go to the doctor every year and do not miss some important tests.
"Women should have an annual mammogram, with or without breast ultrasound, after age 50.
A breast exam less than 50 years old is done for women who have a heterocholateral history, ie, Grade 1 or Grade 2 relatives with breast or ovarian cancer.
The risk of having a woman with grade 1 breast cancer compared to breast cancer is 40 times higher than for the general population.
In addition to ultrasound and mammography, the breast implant is just as important. I believe that self-examination should not be overlooked because many of the patients present come after they have discovered "nodules" in self-palpation, recommends Andreea Patrulescu, Head of the Department of Medical Oncology at Onco Card Braşov Hospital.
How to prevent cervical cancer
In the case of cervical cancer, vaccination at a young age against HPV can prevent the disease. Annual gynecological examination and Pap smear after 21 years are important to highlight malignant lesions.
The doctors are categorical: no cervical injury should be neglected! In addition, they advocate the performance of cutting-edge analyzes, such as the Pap smear in liquid medium.
"The test in the liquid medium is very accurate because in the liquid medium a greater percentage of cells will be selected for analysis by the anatomist-pathologist.
So if there is more cell material, and the result is more accurate. But if they are done correctly and are done annually, the classic tests are good because they can highlight changes in the cervix.
The problem is that they are not made because they do not appear in the medical service. There are very few women who go to the gynecologist to check regularly every year, the oncologist observes.
Dr. Pătrulescu confesses that he sees many cases of advanced colorectal cancer – about 70 percent of the diagnoses he puts are so. Many young people end up in such a limiting situation and, at the peak, many medical professionals, as the specialist says in Oncology.
"There are also cancers of the cervix not administered by HPV, but most have a precursor HPV infection. HPV strains 16 and 18 are the most aggressive strains. In most cases, if the infection persists and is not monitored, this leads to the development of cancer.
In cervical cancer, the symptoms appear late in their evolution, and when there are few – bleeding, pelvic pain – and the disease is widespread. Therefore, gynecological exams should be done periodically and lesions should be discovered early.
Cancer of the cervix is a treatable cancer if it is detected in time, doctor Andreea Pătrulescu complete.
Breast Cancer – How the Disease Progresses
The situation is not happy even in breast cancer, many patients come to a doctor with large tumors, up to 12 cm. Oncologists say that many of the breast cancers develop slowly, sometimes even in 7 years.
All the time, ultrasound and mammography can detect and guide doctors for the most effective therapies. These are established after biopsy, essential in the treatment of cancers, but seen with the suspicion of many people.
"It is then believed that if a tumor is biopsy, it is" scattered "to use the patient's language. An uncured tumor can not be treated, a tumor that is not treated sooner or later will metastasize.
Unfortunately, we hear medical professionals who believe in this and many other educated people.
If I have a biopsy patient in my office, like an oncologist, I'm telling you that I can not treat a tumor if I do not know what kind of tumor it is. The term "cancer" is not enough. There are many subtypes that are treated differently, you need to know all the details about the disease before deciding the treatment. And when I say I need a biopsy, I often get the question and it will not be scattered?
The answer is: no, it will not be scattered " explains the oncologist the importance of the biopsy.
What Effective Cancer Treatments Exist
Prejudice also persists in the efficacy of chemotherapy, radiation therapy or surgery. There are still patients postponing the visit of a doctor and resorting to natural therapies.
"You do not know how many young patients die in the eye because they choose that natural course of treatment, and to be honest, alternative treatments are not natural.
And the more exotic the plants are, the more they are believed. It is very difficult to combat these prejudices. I am trying to tell patients that cancer treatments that include radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery are the only effective ones.
Cancer is an aggressive disease that we should treat aggressively. Perhaps natural treatments may help to be effective, but so far there is no solid evidence in the medical literature to prove its efficacy.
They are not studied and often associated with adverse effects that can be serious: hepatic insufficiency, renal failure. Research published in Medscape has shown that natural treatments decrease the survival of cancer patients, warns Dr. Andreea Pătrulescu.
The same hopes are also related to anticancer diets. These are not scientifically proven, which is why experts recommend caution when adopting them. The diet of cancer patients should be balanced, rich in vegetables, fruits, cereals, olives, fish and fermented dairy products.
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