Risk Factors for Diabetes



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Several potential risk factors have been identified in diabetes, as well as the factors that trigger this disease.

It is not yet known exactly what causes type 1 diabetes. But it is considered that the risk is slightly increased in people with relatives affected by this disease. Environmental factors and exposure to certain viral infections are also associated with the risk of type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes includes several risk factors, including:

Hereditary factor: History of Diabetes in the Family. Individuals with family members with type 2 diabetes are at higher risk of developing the same disease.

The Unhealthy Diet: When we eat a lot of refined carbohydrates (white bread, pasta, sweets, cakes or juices) and saturated fats, but very few fruits and vegetables increase in weight and thus increase the risk of diabetes.

Sedentary lifestyle and weight: Studies have shown that 30 minutes of moderate movement is enough for one day for 5 days a week to stay healthy and reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Between 65 and 80% of new cases of type 2 diabetes are associated with overweight or obese individuals. The risk is related to the age at which the accumulation of excess weight and duration of obesity began, as well as the accumulation of weight in adult life.

and reduced birth weight is a possible risk indicator in the development of type 2 diabetes.

ageThe older one is, the higher the risk of diabetes. However, type 2 diabetes is increasing in all age groups and is often found even in children and adolescents.

Modified glucose tolerance (prediabetes): The body does not respond adequately to insulin secretion, and blood glucose levels can not be kept within normal limits.

Gestational DiabetesWomen who have had diabetes-induced pregnancy are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Gestational diabetes is also associated with an increased risk of obesity and abnormal glucose metabolism in children resulting from these pregnancies.

and socioeconomic factors contributes to the development of diabetes and the appearance of complications due to living conditions that encourage unhealthy food choices.

"Diabetes experts are the ones who set not just the treatment but also help in the adoption of a way of life that keeps the disease under control. A person with type 2 diabetes, once diagnosed, enters into a rigorous established follow-up program diabetes education with information about diet, the importance of physical exertion, glycemic monitoring, information and education about the use of glycemic monitoring devices and injection devices for therapy is essential. the information received from the diabetes doctor about additional investigations, biological balance, cardiological, neurological, ophthalmic control, an in-depth examination of the foot, enters the first examination of a newly diagnosed diabetic patient, says Dr. Gabriela Ileana Creteanu, Chief of Jude CenterSuceava Antidiabetic of St. John's Emergency County Hospital in Suceava.

The Suceava County Anti-Diabetic Center specialists at Suceava Municipal Emergency Hospital in Suceava, together with the Federation of Diabetic Associations in Romania, are being organized on Monday 12 November, 2018, from 11 to 14 at the county hospital. a free blood glucose testing campaign along with risk assessment and expert advice on healthy nutrition or proper diabetes management with the family.

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