Psoriasis has been declared by the World Health Organization (WHO) to be the fifth most important chronic non-communicable disease, along with diseases such as diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular or respiratory diseases. Psoriasis affects more than 400,000 people in Romania (about 2% of the population) and about 125 million people worldwide.
Although psoriasis is not contagious, psoriasis patients continue to be stigmatized by society
One important thing to remember is that psoriasis is not contagious. The reluctance many of us manifest when we come in contact with a person suffering from this condition is therefore completely unjustified. Unfortunately, as a result of the associated stigma, the disease has serious psychosocial and occupational implications, with people with psoriasis sometimes being discriminated and isolated.
Therefore, it is not surprising that the patient with psoriasis has achieved psychological comfort equal to or even greater than that diagnosed with cancer.
What is psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that occurs in a genetic context under the influence of certain triggering factors. The disease also affects women and men, with the average age of onset ranging from 15 to 30 years, but can occur at any age, including children.
The exact causes of psoriasis are unknown. However, it is confirmed that the disease is linked to the immune system and that there is a genetic predisposition to develop this condition, and mental and emotional stress is an important factor that causes exacerbation of the disease.
According to Dr. Călin Giurcăneanu, MD, a medical doctor, the disease does not only affect the skin, joints and nails, but also has many other comorbidities: diabetes, metabolic syndrome, obesity, stroke, atherosclerosis, depression. As a result of these comorbidities, life expectancy may decline by up to 5 years.
"Psoriasis is more than a skin disease, it is a condition that passes through the skin barrier and has many comorbidities. Thus, a patient with psoriasis vulgaris may have a severity of the associated disease several times greater than a patient without this condition. Therefore, in its treatment, one should not neglect the interdisciplinary consultation, having the dermatologist as central pillar"Says Dr. Călin Giurcăneanu.
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The main symptoms of psoriasis
The most common symptoms of this condition include:
- red and inflamed skin lesions of various well-defined shapes and sizes;
- white scale (scratches) at the level of the lesions, which are easily detached;
- dry skin that sometimes splits and bleeds;
- itching, irritation or burning.
The areas where injuries usually occur are elbows, knees, scalp, lower back. In some cases, psoriasis can also spread to nails or palms or to any part of the body.
How to treat psoriasis
Psoriasis can be kept under control with local treatments, biological treatment solutions, but only as directed by your doctor. Lifestyle also plays a very important role in managing psoriasis and consists of a balanced diet, movement, stress management and a positive mental state.
"Psoriasis can be managed and managed if well managed and, fortunately, there are more and more biological treatment solutions. In this chapter, Romania is as good as other countries, such as Germany and France, and we can offer patients the latest therapies for psoriasis. The treatments are affordable, compensated, many of which are free"Explains Dr. Alin Nicolescu, chief dermatologist, Secretary General of the Romanian Society of Dermatology.
On the www.psoriazis.info platform, people with psoriasis, as well as anyone interested, can learn more about the disease, ask questions of doctors, get expert advice or share the story.
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