If people followed this diet for "planetary health," more than 11 million premature deaths could be avoided annually, greenhouse gas emissions would be reduced and more regions of land, water, and biodiversity could be preserved, say researchers, according to Reuters.
"The food we eat and the way we produce it determines the health of humans and the planet, and we do not do the right thing at the moment," says Tim Lang, a professor at the University of London, who leads the study. Securing food for a population of 10 billion people by 2050 in the form of a healthy and sustainable diet will be impossible without changing eating habits, improving food production and reducing food waste, he said.
Researchers say unhealthy eating causes more deaths and illnesses in the world than unprotected sex, alcohol, drugs and smoking together. The planetary diet proposed by scientists is the result of a research project that lasted three years at the request of Lancet Health Magazine and had 37 experts from 16 countries.
According to this study, the average consumption of foods such as red meat and sugar should be reduced by 50%, while the consumption of nuts, fruits and vegetables should be doubled.