Bad bosses may increase risk of stroke by 33%


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Burnout syndrome is common in professionals who work daily under pressure and with constant responsibilities as doctors, nurses, teachers, police officers and journalists.

Is your bucket full? This is a book written by Tom Raht and Donald O. Clifton, which makes a metaphor for a bucket and a shell. According to the writers we all possess an invisible bucket that fills or empties all the time, depending on what others tell us or do. When our bucket is full, we feel great. When it's empty, we get terrible.

The book creates parallels with situations that have already occurred and with those we experience during the day, especially in professional life. According to writers and also researchers, bad bosses can increase the risk of stroke in 33%, because the stress raises the blood pressure that can cause the cerebral vascular accident.

Other topics in the book

– We go through about 20 thousand different moments every day;
Excessive positive emotions? More than 13 positive interactions for each negative can lead to a loss of productivity;
– The main cause of the dismissal requests is that people do not feel appreciated.

Burnout syndrome

The book may be related to Burnout Syndrome. Have you heard of it? According to the Ministry of Health, the condition is a physical, emotional and mental state of extreme exhaustion, the result of excessive accumulation in work situations that are emotionally demanding or stressful, demanding a lot of competitiveness or responsibility, especially in the areas of education and health.

Risk professions

The disease is also known as Occupational Exhaustion Syndrome, whose main cause is overwork. This syndrome is common in professionals who work daily under pressure and with constant responsibilities as doctors, nurses, teachers, police officers, journalists, among others. Translating from English, "burn" means burning and "out" outside.

How to identify?

The diagnosis is made by a specialist after the clinical analysis of the patient. However, many people do not seek medical help because they do not know or can not identify all the symptoms, and often end up neglecting the situation without knowing that something more serious may be happening.

Close friends and family members can be good pillars at the outset, helping the person recognize signs that they need help. The psychiatrist and the psychologist are the health professionals indicated to identify the problem and guide the best form of treatment, according to each case.

Help in SUS

Within the scope of the Unified Health System (SUS), the Psychosocial Care Network (RAPS) is able to offer, in a comprehensive and free way, all treatment, from diagnosis to drug treatment. The Psychosocial Care Centers, one of the services that make up the RAPS, are the most suitable places.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Burnout Syndrome?

The syndrome involves nervousness, psychological distress, and physical problems such as belly pain, excessive tiredness and dizziness. Stress and unwillingness to get out of bed or at home, when constant, may indicate the onset of the illness.

Other symptoms are: Changes in appetite, insomnia, feelings of failure and insecurity, constant negativity, fatigue, high blood pressure and muscle pain.

How to Treat Burnout Syndrome?

The treatment is basically done with psychotherapy, but it can also involve medications (antidepressants or anxiolytics). Usually takes effect between one and three months, but can last longer, depending on each case.

The main ways to prevent the syndrome are changes in working conditions and, mainly, changes in habits and lifestyles. Regular physical activity and relaxation exercises should be routine, to relieve stress and to control the symptoms of the disease. After medical diagnosis, it is strongly recommended that the person take vacations and develop leisure activities with people close friends, relatives, spouses etc.


– Define small goals in professional and personal life;

– Participate in leisure activities with friends and family;

– Do activities that "escape" the daily routine, such as walking, eating in a restaurant or going to the movies;

– Avoid contact with "negative" people, especially those who complain about work or others;

– Talk to someone you trust about what you are feeling;

– Do regular physical activity. It could be gym, walking, running, cycling, rowing, swimming etc;

– Avoid drinking alcohol, tobacco or other drugs, because it will only worsen mental confusion;

– Do not self-medicate or take over-the-counter medicines;

– Another very recommended way to prevent the problem is to rest properly, with a good night's sleep (at least 8 hours a day).


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