Photo used for illustrative purposes. TNS
A blood test can determine whether you are deficient in vitamins or not. Many people self-medicate or take dietary supplements for vitamin deficiencies. A study conducted by Apollo Diagnostic, Pune, ruled out vitamin D and B12 deficiency that increases with age and found that blood tests and medical consultation are necessary to take the proper dose and avoid risks.
.Vitamin B12 deficiency leads to memory loss, depression, muscle weakness, tingling and numbness.
Vitamin D deficiency has been consistently associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, low bone density, fractures, osteoporosis and hypertension.
To understand the prevalence of vitamin D and B12 deficiencies in people, Apollo Diagnostic, Pune conducted a study taking blood samples from 3,000 adult patients who came for a blood test in the last six months, in which 1,673 were men and 1,327 were women . between 20-60 years. He revealed that about 70 percent of patients had vitamin D deficiency and 53 percent lacked vitamin B12. Almost 15 percent of patients took vitamin supplements in their own diet.
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Although sunlight and fortified foods are two possible sources of vitamin D, due to the change in lifestyle and eating habits, many people take dietary supplements to obtain adequate levels of this vitamin. The doctor may recommend a lower or higher dose for you, depending on health conditions or the level of vitamin D in your blood.
According to Dr. Sanjay Ingle, Zonal Pathologist and Chief Technician West India, Apollo Diagnostic, “Mild to moderate vitamin D deficiency is identified as a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, due to its protective role against the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and its complications.
Increases insulin resistance and reduces insulin secretion from pancreatic beta cells. Vitamin D deficiency has been consistently associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, low bone density, fractures, osteoporosis and hypertension.
Vitamin B12 deficiency leads to memory loss, depression, muscle weakness, tingling and numbness. “
“Vitamin D and B12 deficiencies generally remain undiagnosed or are undertreated, as many people avoid proper research for vitamin deficiency and begin to self-supplement without expert advice.
Vitamin D and B12 are important for skeletal and non-skeletal health.
The recommended daily intake (RDI) of vitamin B12 is greater than 14 is 2.4 mcg.
. Eating fatty fish, mushrooms, eggs and getting enough of the ‘sun vitamin’ is the key formula for staying fit and well throughout life, “added Dr. Ingle
Dr. Anand Kavi, orthopedic and spine surgeon at Apollo Spectra Pune states: “Vitamin D, also called the sun vitamin and as it is necessary for the mineralization and maintenance of our bones, its deficiency can result in soft bones in children and fragile and deformed bones in adults.
In the past decade, research has shown that it is also important for several other bodily functions and can prevent some types of cancer, boost immunity and help control diabetes and hypertension. Although our country has abundant sunlight, about 70 to 80 percent of people are deficient in vitamin D due to lifestyle changes and staying at home, with vague complaints of muscle pain and fatigue.
It is necessary to diagnose and correct vitamin D deficiency through a qualified medical professional. “
Dr. Kavi added: “Similarly, vitamin B12 deficiency is also seen in people on vegan diets and in those who do not eat eggs or dairy products; it is also found in patients with absorption problems or taking acidity medications.
Its deficiency can cause irritability, depression, disturbed vision and nerve dysfunction, being a water-soluble vitamin it is not stored in our body and needs regular supplementation, the route of administration can be oral or by injections and is best decided by your doctor after proper diagnosis and testing. “
Indo-Asian news service