The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has warned of the presence of besucone bug in several states of the country – including California – an insect native to rural areas of Latin America. which can transmit Chagas' disease.
Federal health authorities have warned that the people most at risk of contracting the disease are those living in rural Mexico and more than a dozen countries in Central and South America, as well as houses with thatch roofs or cracked walls . . The new alert comes from the case of a girl in Delaware who was bitten in the face by one of these insects.
According to the CDC, Chagas disease can cause severe stomach discomfort as well as heart disease. The "bug" kissing – or vinchuca – defecates after biting a person and the parasites found in the feces are what cause the disease.
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"People generally scratch themselves with the bite and a small amount of insect kiss stool along with the parasites enter the bloodstream", the CDC said. However, the disease can also be transmitted from the mother to the baby during the gestation period, by blood transfusions and organ transplants. The condition, they added, is not conveyed through person-to-person contact.
The CDC warned that the impact of this disease is not limited to rural areas in Latin America as large-scale population migrations from rural areas to urban areas to the United States and other regions of the world have increased geographic distribution and changed epidemiology of Chagas.
What are the symptoms?
The severity and evolution of the infection may be different in people who have been infected at different stages of their life and contracted the disease in different ways or through different strains of the parasite. Chagas disease has two phases: the acute phase and the chronic phase. Both phases can be asymptomatic or potentially fatal.
The acute phase It happens in the first few weeks or the first few months of infection. It usually goes unnoticed because it shows no symptoms or exhibits only mild signs and symptoms that are not unique to the disease, such as fever, fatigue, body aches, headache and rash. Signs detected on physical examination may include mild enlargement of the liver or spleen, swelling of the lymph nodes and local inflammation where the parasite entered the body.
During the chronic phase, the infection can remain asymptomatic for decades or even for life. However, some people have cardiac complications, which may include enlarged heart (cardiomyopathy), heart failure, altered heart rate or rhythm, and cardiac arrest. Intestinal complications may also occur, which may include an enlarged esophagus (megaesophagus) or colon (megacolon), and may cause eating or bowel problems.
Being an adult is not an excuse to stop catching up with your shots.