Río Negro supports the importance of PAP – La Costa News


As every March 26, the Ministry of Health of Rio Negro joins the World Day for the Prevention of Cancer of the Uterus, with the aim of making women aware of the prevention of this pathology.

The Provincial Cervical Cancer Program, led by Dr. Nancy Andaloro in 2018, received a special mention from the National Cancer Institute for the increase of Papanicolaou (PAP) records in the Tracking Information System (SITAM).

In this sense, from the provincial program, the speculum distribution was strengthened for the province's hospitals to perform the Papanicolaou test.

According to the SITAM registry, during 2018, 11,203 PAPs were made in Rio Negro, and so far in 2019, 2,447. It should be noted that SITAM registers women aged 35 to 64 with studies performed in public hospitals.

Two prevention measures

Cervical cancer is preventable and the vaccine against the human papilloma virus that prevents infection that causes cases of cervical cancer is recommended. Its application is indicated before the beginning of the sexual intercourse, because for the girls of 11 years the vaccine is gratuitous and obligatory. Three doses are needed to achieve maximum protection.

Another means of prevention is the Pap test, known as PAP, is a simple and effective way to prevent cervical cancer. It detects lesions in the cervix, which allows them to be treated before it turns into cancer. It is recommended that women perform PAP after 25 years, and if for two consecutive years PAP is negative, the dose can be spaced to three years.

Cervical Cancer

The cervix is ​​the lowest part of the uterus, the place where the baby grows during pregnancy. The cancer of the cervix is ​​caused by a virus called human papillomavirus (HPV). This virus is transmitted through sexual contact. The body of most women is able to fight against HPV infection. But sometimes the virus leads to cancer. Women who are most at risk are those who smoke, those who have had many children, those who have used birth control pills for a long time or those who have HIV infection.

It is possible that early cervical cancer does not cause symptoms, but later there may be pelvic pain or vaginal bleeding. It usually takes several years for normal cells in the cervix to turn into cancer cells. Your doctor may find abnormal cells by a pap smear or Pap test when examining the cells in the cervix. You can also order an HPV test. If the results are abnormal, you will need a biopsy or other tests. Taking regular checkups will allow your doctor to find and treat any problem before they develop into cancer.

Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these. Treatment will depend on the size of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread or if you would like to become pregnant later.

Vaccines can protect against various types of HPV, including some that cause cancer.


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