The second stage of the 58th Oral Vaccination Campaign in Cuba will start next Monday and runs until April 27, as part of the activities carried out by the country at the VIII World Immunization Week and at the XVII Oral Vaccination Week. Vaccination in the Americas, Minsap said in a message on his Twitter account.
Cuba was the first country in Latin America to eradicate poliomyelitis, a disease that – according to the World Health Organization (WHO) – is very contagious caused by a virus that invades the nervous system and can cause paralysis in a matter of hours.
Between 1962 and 2018, 85 million of 200 thousand doses of the vaccine were applied in the largest island of the Antilles, which guarantees the protection of the Cuban population.
With the implementation of the Childhood Vaccination Scheme, in addition to diphtheria, measles, pertussis, rubella and mumps were eliminated, as well as two severe clinical forms in children under one year: neonatal tetanus and tuberculous meningitis.
It also allowed morbidity and mortality to be reduced by more than 95% in the country due to typhoid fever, meningococcal disease and hepatitis B.
This universal program includes a dozen vaccines, of which eight are of national production.
According to the WHO, the virus is passed from person to person, mainly fecal-oral or, less frequently, by means of a common vehicle, like water or contaminated foods, and it multiplies in the intestine.
The first symptoms are fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, neck stiffness and limb pain, the UN health agency adds.