Battles to be fought: the most lethal types of cancer among Latinos and some ways to prevent them | Your City Univision 41 New York



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According to data compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2018, cancer is the leading cause of death among Hispanic residents in the United States, with 39,263 deaths a year. It is followed by heart disease, with 37,799 deaths and accidents with 15,711.

That same year, the American Cancer Society estimated that the types of cancer that would cause more deaths overall after 2018 would be proportionally breast cancer (women only), lung and bronchial cancer, and colon and rectum cancer.

"The decrease in rates in men coinciding with the slow increase in rates in women is resulting in a convergence over time," the article states, and further states: "Mortality rates for all Hispanic combined cancers decreased from 2007 to 2016 at an average of 1.6% per year for men and 1.0% per year for women. "

Breast cancer

Prevention and early detection

Risk factors for breast cancer, which can be modified by lifestyle, include alcohol consumption, use of postmenopausal hormone therapies, physical inactivity, weight gain after age 18 and being overweight or underweight. Weight. Obesity

Mammography, a low-dose x-ray procedure, is recommended for women over the age of 40 to detect breast cancer at an early stage and where treatment may be more effective.

The New York State Department of Health offers a list of resources and institutions to help with breast cancer:

Lung and bronchial cancer

Prevention and early detection

From the data provided by the American Cancer Society, "smoking cigarettes is the main risk factor for lung cancer, accounting for about 80% of lung cancer deaths in the US in all races / ethnicities combined."

In addition to smoking, other causes of risk were discovered by scientists. These include: radon gas, asbestos or other chemicals in the workplace, ionizing radiation, personal history and family history, as well as other lung diseases such as tuberculosis.

The best way to prevent this type of cancer is to quit the habit in the case of adult smokers and to prevent the initiation of smoking at an early age. In addition, it is important to examine the residence and workplace for the detection of these hazardous substances or chemical compounds and be aware of family history.

The lung cancer screening test, called a CT scan, is recommended for men and women between the ages of 55 and 80 with a history of heavy smoking and who are or were smokers.

Cancer of the colon and rectum

Prevention and early detection

The modifiable factors of this type of cancer, according to the American Cancer Society, are: "obesity (especially abdominal), high consumption of red or processed meats, physical inactivity (only cancer of the colon), smoking, alcohol in excess, low calcium intake and very low intake of fruits and vegetables.

On the other hand, there are hereditary antecedents and personal factors that are not modifiable and increase the risk, therefore, people who enter this group are advised to undergo screening tests and the early removal of precancerous tumors. , from the age of 45.

Factors mentioned include: type 2 diabetes, chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (eg, ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease), certain hereditary syndromes (eg, Lynch syndrome), and personal or family history of adenomas or colon and rectum.

The study notes that "in particular, Hispanics are disproportionately affected by excess body weight and type 2 diabetes."

The most frequent detection tests are:

  • High-sensitivity fecal occult blood test (FOBT) or fecal immunochemical test (FIT), where fecal material samples are tested for blood analysis.
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy, where the rectum and lower colon are examined for polyps and cancer using a thin, flexible, lighted tube.
  • Colonoscopy, similar to flexible sigmoidoscopy, with the difference that the doctor uses a longer, thinner, flexible, lighted tube to detect polyps or cancer throughout the colon and rectum. During the examination, the doctor can find and remove most of the polyps and some types of cancer.

April is the month of awareness about testicular cancer

The Testicular Cancer Society recognizes April as the Month of Testicular Cancer Awareness.

This type of cancer affects young men between 15 and 40 years of age, and although it is not a common type of cancer in 2019, the American Cancer Society predicts that about 9,500 cases will be diagnosed, and that there are about 400 deaths due to this cause.

Scientists have found few risk factors for testicular cancer, and most patients do not have any of the known risk factors. These factors, however, include:

  • A testicle did not come down.
  • Family history of testicular cancer.
  • HIV infection
  • Carcinoma in situ of the testis.
  • Height

Prevention and early detection

According to the New York State Department of Health, these are the measures men can take to prevent this type of cancer:

  • Be aware of family history and discuss your concerns with your doctor.
  • Be aware of health and safety rules in the workplace and follow them.
  • Be aware of the symptoms of testicular cancer. Although testicular cancer can usually be cured at any stage, early detection may facilitate treatment.
  • Exercise regularly
  • Choose a healthy diet to achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Do not smoke.
  • Discuss the risks and benefits of preventive tests, such as CT scans with your doctor, to avoid unnecessary exposure to ionizing radiation.

The Foundation for Awareness of Testicular Cancer has shared through Twitter this temporary or permanent profile structure for Facebook to support the fight against this disease.

The 10 golden tips to prevent cancer

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