Natalia LL's offensive video was released in 1973 in Poland.
A few hundred young people, mostly young, ate bananas outside Warsaw's main national gallery to protest against what they called censorship after officials removed the artwork showing the fruit, saying it was improper.
The protest on Monday was convened by artists and opposition politicians as part of their action on Facebook and Twitter to post photos of themselves eating bananas to ridicule the ban. The action grew in a show of apparent government criticism.
The 1973 video Art of the Consumer, by artist Natalia LL, showing a young woman eating a banana with great pleasure, was removed from the National Museum in Warsaw last week after the new head of the museum, Jerzy Miziolek, was summoned to the Ministry of Culture.
Gdyby ona korzystała z tego banana jak z wibratora, a zdjęcia ukazywałyby jej miny podczas dochodzenia do orgazmu – okey, na siłę można by to podciągnąć pod sztukę.
– Extortion13 (@ xtortion13) April 29, 2019
Miziolek told the Onet.pl portal last week that he "was opposed to showing jobs that could irritate sensitive young people" and suggested that some visitors complained. Work has been in the gallery for many years.
A separate 2005 video of another controversial female artist, Katarzyna Kozyra, showing a woman walking with two men of four, dressed as dogs on a lead lane, was also removed.
Polish celebrities have posted #BananaSelfies in response to the National Museum's decision to remove a work of art showing bananas being eaten in a sexually suggestive manner.
There will be a banana eating protest outside the museum later today https://t.co/E2xHH6AWbh
– Polish notes ?? (@notesfrompoland) April 29, 2019
On Monday, Miziolek announced that the works would be reinstated, but only until May 6, when the entire modern art gallery should be reorganized. Miziolek and the Ministry of Culture denied that there was any pressure on the museum.
Miziolek, who was nominated for the state museum by the right-wing government in November, said on Monday that he appreciated the role of both artists in Polish culture, but gallery space required "creative changes" in the exhibition.
The dispute is the latest in a series of controversies surrounding art and culture under the conservative and nationalist government that won power in 2015.
Culture Minister Piotr Glinski has repeatedly criticized the cut of subsidies to art festivals that planned to show controversial plays on Catholic subjects. Glinski dismissed a popular theater director who criticized him, as did the director of a World War II museum, saying that the exhibition did not show enough suffering or heroism in Poland.
He recently cut funds for the European Solidarity Center, an exhibition on the history of the Solidarity movement and a center of popular culture among critics of the government, saying that his activity went beyond his mission of teaching history.
Twitter and Facebook users ridiculed the removal of works of art as tersely and a case of censorship, and many posted photos of themselves enjoying bananas.
– Krystek Rembieliński (@rembielinski) April 29, 2019
Actress Magdalena Cielecka told The Associated Press that the image she posted, pointing a banana on her head like a weapon, was in protest against any ideological or political limits imposed on artists.
"An artist, to create, must be free," said Cielecka.
In the banana ban on Monday, some people brought more than one banana, while others put the banana peels on their heads. Some unarmed police officers were on the scene outside the museum, which is closed on Mondays.
– Małpa w czerwonym ?? (@w_czerwonym) April 29, 2019
Senate spokesman and prominent member of the Law and Justice party, Stanislaw Karczewski, tried to discredit the protest by tweeting that Polish apples are tastier than bananas and have fewer calories.
"BananowyProtest (banana protest) is the direct path to obesity," said Karczewski.
The controversy was widely commented on in the national media.
Meanwhile in Poland. Women who eat bananas are considered indecent and banned from @Muzeum_Narodowe
Ladies, let's join in this. #BananaGate and let's eat some bananas in public pic.twitter.com/XVEtzEaM3L
– Teresa Buczkowska (@TBuczkowska) April 29, 2019
Art critics note that Consumer Art was a critical commentary on the food shortages under the communist regime in the 1970s.