Celebrated this week, this year's World Diabetes Day under the theme "Diabetes Affects All Families," was an opportunity for the Health Ministry to unravel the numbers related to this disease. In its statement, it is said that about 2 million people aged 18 or older in Morocco are diabetic. Worse, 50% do not know the disease. In addition, the number of diabetic children is estimated at more than 15,000. In that statement, the parents' ministry also noted that "more than 823,000 diabetics are seen in primary health care facilities."
In order to buy insulin and oral antidiabetic medicines, Anas Doukkali and his department have in their hands an annual budget of about 156,700,000 dirhams. In addition, a budget of 15 million DH is also dedicated to the acquisition of medical-technical equipment and reagents to ensure diabetic screening and metabolic monitoring of diabetics. In addition, according to the 2016 global annual report of the National Health Insurance Agency (ANAM), 48% of total expenditure is generated by long-term illnesses (AML). Diabetes accounts for 11% of these expenses.
While on this side of the Mediterranean, assessments are carried out rigorously in the rest of the world, efforts are also directed as well as to better apprehension of diabetes in search of innovative devices in order to make life easier for people. victims of this incurable disease. We will first take the direction of Washington Medical School in St. Louis (USA), where researchers have estimated that a new case of diabetes in seven is today the consequence of the world's pollution. air. This study, published in The Lancet Planetary Health magazine last June, also indicates that developing countries are the most affected. This includes "current levels of release of pollutants into the atmosphere that are allowed in developing countries that are very stringent and must be increased. Evidence shows that these current levels are still not healthy enough and need to be with medical professor Ziyad Al-Aly in a statement.
So in Sweden, it's the current classification of diabetes that made the Scandinavian scientists react. They note that it is insufficient. For them, there would not be two types of diabetes, but five. This Swedish study designed to improve treatment according to experts ranks types of diabetes as follows: 3 types of severe diabetes, including severe insulin-dependent diabetes, severe insulin-deficient diabetes and ultimately severe insulin-resistant diabetes. Added to these, according to Swedish researchers, there are two other types of diabetes that are more benign, namely mild diabetes without real resistance to insulin, and other age-related insulin senescence. an aged pancreas.
Finally, in France, a major breakthrough was made by the French start-up company Diabeloop, with the aim of marketing its artificial pancreas, after obtaining the agreement of the European community. This is an innovative device that can benefit patients with type 1 diabetes. How does it work? Simply thanks to a pump, in the form of a patch to stick on the arm, and a sensor placed at the level of the abdomen. Information on blood glucose is transmitted to the third part of the artificial pancreas, located in the patient's pocket, through a Bluetooth connection, and then complex algorithms analyze parameters such as the person's weight or the patient's action speed. insulin, the level of sugar circulating in the blood to be able to adjust automatically the necessary dose of insulin that is administered by the pump.