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Health: Pneumonia can kill 11 million children – health

Pneumonia will kill nearly 11 million children under five by 2030 if current trends continue, warned experts on Monday. Nigeria and India may be particularly affected.

Of the total 10.8 million deaths, 1.7 million could actually occur in those countries, according to projections from the American Johns Hopkins University and the Save the Children NGO. 700,000 children may die of this disease in Pakistan and 635,000 in the Democratic Republic of Congo, they add.

Pneumonia is an acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is the leading infectious cause of infant mortality. "It caused 15% of the total number of deaths of children under 5 years."
The WHO estimates that 922,000 children under the age of five died of pneumonia by 2015 worldwide. Pneumonia can be caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi.

Vaccination and Nutrition

"Prevention is possible through immunization, a satisfactory nutritional status and better environmental factors," WHO says.

According to the study published on Monday, 4.1 million children could be saved by implementing a set of measures: increasing global immunization coverage, ensuring access to antibiotics and improving nutrition for at-risk children.

"It is unthinkable that nearly one million children die each year from an illness we have the ability to overcome," said Kevin Watkins, chief of Save the Children.

"There is no global summit or march against pneumonia. However, anyone who cares about children's health should consider this neglected killer a priority," he said, calling for a drastic drop in vaccine prices. (Sl / nxp)

Created: 13/11/2018, 04:26

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