Guadalupe: A major breakthrough in the diagnosis of a form of meningitis


Guadalupia scientists have developed a "rapid diagnosis, reliable meningitis, Angiostrongylus, allowing the rapid management of these infections and reducing the risk of sequelae," said Antoine Talarmin, director of the Institut Pasteur de. Guadalupe.

Angiostrongiloses are parasitic infections caused by microscopic worms. These infections cause meningitis, especially in frail people, including young children.

"We are talking here about parasitic infections of worms found in rat lungs," Talarmin said. Rodents, quite present in Guadeloupe, transmit their parasite to "buy", giant African snails "very widespread in the West Indies."

"We found the presence of worms with meningitis in almost 30% of these snails, which we all have in our gardens," said the researcher, for whom this finding should lead to prevention campaigns by the Regional Health Agency.

These findings have made it possible to develop a rapid and reliable diagnosis and, especially, to make it available in the French Antilles.

"Before, we had to send the samples to the United States and, sometimes, to Switzerland, which considerably extended the deadline for the results."

From now on, the diagnosis done in the place will take from 24 to 48 hours. "We are doing DNA analysis through molecular biology and have been looking for the control DNAs in Atlanta at the Center for Control, where we have sent our samples before."

The study was conducted as part of the Malin project, a research project on infectious diseases in the tropics. It was conducted by the Pasteur Institute of Guadeloupe, the Basse Terre Hospital Center, the Regional Health and Public Health Agency of France in collaboration with the CHUs of Martinique and Grenoble.

"The Malin project is conducting research on infectious diseases in humans, animals and plants," says Pierre-Yves Teycheney, coordinator of the project funded by the European Union and the Region of Guadalupe, for a total value of more than 7 million euros. euros. Publications and surveys can be useful for the entire Caribbean and tropical environments.

"Our research on the human side is focused on mosquito-borne diseases and on antibiotic resistance in particular."


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