Woman dies of cancer after receiving a lung transplant


PARIS, France – A patient with cystic fibrosis developed cancer shortly after receiving a transplant of the lungs of a smoker in France, according to a study published in the journal Lung Cancer, which warns about the risk of transplanting these organs.

The patient was treated from childhood by cystic fibrosis. After the rapid deterioration of their respiratory functions, typical of this disease, doctors decided in November 2015 to perform a lung transplant, he publishes the news portal of the newspaper La NaciĆ³n.

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"According to the donor database, the transplanted lungs belonged to a 57-year-old woman who smoked cigarette packs every day for 30 years," according to a study by oncologists at the University Hospital of Montpellier.

The study indicates that the tests performed at the moment of donor encephalic death they did not reveal anomalies.

In June 2017, the patient, who was ill, was admitted to the thoracic oncology unit of the hospital. Two months later, he died of lung cancer without attempting any therapy.

According to the study, the symptoms correspond to the cancer caused by smoking.

"The short time between lung transplantation and the onset of the first radiological abnormality suggests that carcinogenesis has started in the life of the donor," the study authors added. A cancer whose growth would have been greatly accelerated by immunosuppressive treatments that the patient received to prevent rejection of your new lungs.

According to Dr. Jean-Louis Pujol and colleagues, "Given the relatively long latency time of lung cancer, we suggest that transplants from (or have recently stopped) smokers should be treated with caution."


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