What is broken heart syndrome and who does it affect?



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The symptoms are similar to those of a heart attack, so it is commonly confused with this type of cardiac event.

The symptoms are similar to those of a heart attack, so it is commonly confused with this type of cardiac event. Photo: Pixabay

MEXICO CITY

Broken heart syndrome It mainly affects women, and is caused by constant living stress and tensions, go through the loss of a loved one or a loving pause.

This condition recently described in the medical literature is characterized by a bulging in the left ventricle of the heart, said Marcelo Ramírez Mendoza, head of cardiology at the General Hospital of Mexico "Dr. Eduardo Liceaga".

In a statement from the Ministry of Health, the specialist indicated that the the symptoms are similar to those of a heart attack, so it is commonly confused with this type of cardiac event.

90 percent of cases of this syndrome occur in women between the ages of 50 and 55, the onset period of menopause. It is also diagnosed in men between 65 and 67 years of age, young adults and even in children.

Stress, tension, worry and pain can literally "break the heart," because when this type of emotion occurs, the nervous system generates a load of catecholamines (adrenaline) that causes a Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also known as Broken Heart Syndrome.

Patients entering the hospital diagnosed with a heart attack, including the electrocardiogram and blood tests to identify heart enzymes show results that would confirm it.

However, when a catheterization or echocardiogram is performed,and finds that there are no injuries typical of a heart attack, such as obstruction of any artery.

"What you see is a bulging heart, when the diagnosis is changed to that of Broken Heart Syndrome," said the specialist.

He explained that since there was no serious damage to the heart, 95% of Patients recover within four to eight weeks, with medications to control symptoms such as chest pain and heart rate regulation.

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