One in 11 people worldwide suffers from diabetes, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). On Wednesday, November 14, World Diabetes Day was remembered with the theme "Diabetes is about the whole family", to raise awareness about the support that the family group can provide to control this disease.
"My life has changed dramatically," says Oswaldo (49), when he was diagnosed with diabetes two years ago. "I had to change my diet and learn to prick to get insulin every day," he says.
Diabetes is the excess of glucose (sugar) in the blood because the pancreas produces insufficiently or inefficiently insulin, the hormone that causes glucose to become energy inside cells.
This is type 2 diabetes, the most common, which can occur due to a diet with excess sugars, a sedentary lifestyle and obesity. A study conducted by the University of Laval in Quebec, Canada, ensures that women who work more than 45 hours a week are at an increased risk of diabetes.
In type 1 diabetes, which is diagnosed in children under 40 years of age, the pancreas can not manufacture insulin. Its origin is hereditary genetics.
If high glucose levels are maintained for a long time, damage to the arteries occurs, and in the long run, the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart and other blood vessels deteriorate.
Endocrinologist Rodrigo Espinoza explains that the symptoms of diabetes are polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (high thirst), polyphagia (increased appetite), dry mouth, blurred vision, mood changes and weight loss. In case you have them, you should go to the doctor who will ask you for a blood glucose test and a glucose tolerance test.
"Diabetes can be controlled. Treatment is based on balanced diet, exercise and medication," says Espinoza. And in this new way of life, the family can help, so it is said that the fight against this evil is fought as a team.
With data from: rodrigo espinoza (tel 79678791), www.canaldiabetes.com and kidshealth.org