Region OBs: Get in shape, stop smoking and take your vitamins before conceiving, giving birth | Health care



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Many women spend more time trying not to conceive than trying to conceive, but when they are ready to have a baby, they can become more complicated than they imagined.

"There is only a 20 to 25 percent chance each month a woman gets pregnant," says Dr. Savitha Singh, whose main specialty in the Franciscan Alliance is obstetrics and gynecology. "So women should not worry if it does not happen immediately."

But while you're hoping to conceive, there are steps couples can take to help in designing and having a healthy baby.

"The healthier you are, the better the outcome," says Dr. Julius Ellis, a gynecologist at Porter Regional Hospital, noting that women who are trying to have a baby and want to know when the time is right can use the kits. ovulation forecast to identify when they are most fertile. Children work by detecting a flare-up in the production of luteinizing hormones, which occurs approximately 36 hours before ovulation.

Another way to determine ovulation is through mucus checks, says Ellis.

Your cervical mucus changes color, texture and quantity during the menstrual cycle, particularly when an ovum begins to mature before ovulation, according to Planned Parenthood.

"Many women know when they are ovulating because of other signs as well," says Ellis. "They may feel a tenderness in their breasts, they may feel irritated or they tend to worry more."

Being able to determine when you are most likely to become pregnant is important, but you are also in the best possible condition to become pregnant and have a child.

"When I have someone who wants to get pregnant and is on the side of obesity, I encourage him to lose weight and restrict carbohydrate intake," says Singh. "For people who are consumers rich in carbohydrates and sugar, I suggest you limit the amount of sugary drinks they consume. But everyone who wants to get pregnant should do 30 minutes of light exercise daily. "

Alcohol consumption should also be limited.

Although many people know that smoking is not good for developing a baby, Singh says that this can also interfere with conception.

"Both partners should stop smoking and try to lose weight," says Ellis. "Is it mandatory for men to exercise and quit smoking? No. But it will be helpful if you do this and make it easier. "

Adding fortified vitamins to your daily regimen while trying to get pregnant should be part of a checklist for pregnancy preparation. Singh recommends prenatal vitamins, while Ellis says consuming 800 milligrams of folic acid daily helps reduce the risk of neurological defects in a baby. Folic acid is found in green leafy vegetables; fruits; dried beans, peas and nuts; and enriched breads, cereals and other grain products.

Women taking birth control pills or oral contraceptives should stop for a few months before attempting to conceive.

"Complete the package," says Singh. "That gives doctors a good idea of ​​when the pregnancy happened."

Ellis says those who use Depo-Provera, a hormonal injection that prevents unplanned pregnancies for about three months at a time, should stop three to four months before attempting to conceive.

"By using birth control barrier methods such as the ring and (intrauterine device), soon after stopping your body should be ready," says Ellis.

Also, make sure your vaccines are up-to-date.

"Most people I see have had chicken pox, but if you have not been vaccinated for it, you should," says Singh, noting that getting on the tetanus shot book is also important. "If you get pregnant, you should wait until after the birth to get vaccinated."

Pregnant women should not receive live virus vaccines, such as MMR, a combined vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella. Up to 85% of babies born to mothers who have contracted rubella, also known as German measles, during the first trimester may develop serious birth defects, such as hearing loss and intellectual disabilities.

"So it's important to wait three months before getting pregnant," says Singh.

"Taking care of all these problems should result in a successful pregnancy," says Ellis.

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