Wednesday , April 21 2021

What are the symptoms of diabetes and what is useful to know about this disease

  • diabetes prevention
  • recognizing the symptoms of diabetes,
  • management.

Today, the world's diabetes is over 425 million people. people. It is estimated that another 352 million people are at a high risk of developing diabetes. The majority of the patients (327 million) are people of active age, that is, from 20 to 64 years old, living in cities (279 million).

According to the European Diabetes Federation in 2017 The number of people with diabetes in Europe was 58 million. This amount is projected to be 2045. It can grow to 67 million

The number of people with diabetes in Lithuania in 2017 reached 107 thousand. Most of these cases are type 2 diabetes mellitus, which can be avoided through the principles of healthy lifestyle: regular physical activity and healthy and balanced eating. Families have a major role in managing aspects of diabetes control that need to be changed when the family maintains support, resources and a healthy environment for patients.

1 of 2 people currently living with type 2 diabetes were not diagnosed with the disease. Early diagnosis and treatment are very important in preventing complications of diabetes (diabetes is a prevalent cause of heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney failure and lower limb amputation) and to achieve positive treatment outcomes. Diabetes may become relevant to all families, so it is vital that everyone recognize their symptoms and understand the risk factors.

As mentioned, among patients Type 2 diabetes (90% of all people in the world) with diabetes is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • frequent urination
  • great thirst
  • growing hunger
  • weight loss
  • fatigue
  • Do not concentrate or maintain attention
  • watering weakened
  • vomiting and stomach aches (often confused with the flu).
  • People in the immediate environment are, first and foremost, able to detect changes, and therefore the role of the family is crucial for the early diagnosis of diabetes.

However, the main factor in reducing the incidence of diabetes is prevention. Particularly important here is the family, since one of the main factors that prevent diabetes can be nutrition. The International Diabetes Association requests the following nutritional recommendations:

  • instead of fruit juice, sparkling water or other sweetened drinks, choose water, tea without sugar;
  • Eat at least three servings of vegetables a day;
  • Eat up to three servings of fresh fruit every day;
  • nuts, fresh fruit or unsweetened yogurt for snacks;
  • limit the consumption of alcoholic beverages;
  • eat lean white meat, poultry or seafood dishes and avoid processed meat;
  • eat peanut butter instead of chocolate or jam;
  • Choose whole-grain bread, brown rice, or whole-grain noodles;
  • give preference to the use of unsaturated fats in the daily diet.

Another important goal of diabetes prevention is to promote physical activity, taking into account the individual's individual abilities and integrating it into daily activities (intensive walking, jogging, gardening, or other active domestic activities).

The Center for Health Education and Prevention emphasizes that in order to minimize morbidity and mortality from diabetes, we must realize the need for a permanent correction of risk factors for diabetes. A comprehensive range of health professionals is available to many Lithuanian residents through participation in the Risk Grouping for Diabetes and Heart and Blood Disease Program.

The goal of this program is to introduce risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus, teach them to change their lifestyle, manage stress, choose healthy diets and physical activity and thus improve the health of the at-risk group . The program can be attended for 40 to 65 years of age. elderly who are at risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus but not yet inactive.

To participate in this free program, contact your family doctor or the public health department of the county where you live.

The information was prepared by Irma Bukotienė, a specialist in public health at the Center for Education for Health and Disease Prevention, Non-Infectious Diseases

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