For security officers, Bloody-Horror was like a curse;



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It could be built on a plaque along with the famous Lithuanian anti-Soviet leaders – John Zemaitis-Vytautas and Adolfs Ramanauskas-Vanagi and others. The historian Arvydas Anušauskas firmly believes in this, commenting on the remains of A. Kraujelis-Siaubūnas.

Just because he was the last supporter who died in 1965 – about a decade after the organized resistance of the Soviet occupiers in Lithuania was suppressed when Joseph Stalin, who occupied Lithuania, persecuted Lithuanian guerrillas, Lavrentius Beria and other security guards had already died long ago. The war between the US and the Soviet Union was accelerating, when Nikita Khrushchev, who was overthrown by power, remembered his first Khrushchev, and the Soviet Union gradually entered a period of stagnation – A. Kraujelis -Siaubūnas was still alive and opposed the occupation regime.

And although his last year of life has been a more hidden phase, a kind of cat game with a mouse – a desperate search for Soviet security and A. Krauel-Saber's ability to avoid traps while remembering of the notes of the KGB, the undeniable fact that he was the last one participant of the resistance died in the fight.

The house in the village of Papiškės where the partisan was hidden in 1965. March 17 surrounded by security guards, led by the most famous torturing party Nachama Dushansky, and even after inciting to surrender A. Kraujelis-Siaubūnas chose to shoot the occupants .

And later – not a single partisan had ever tried the way to one side – he snapped. The Soviet security operation was successful, the Kremlin rupees also wrote about it, writing about a "liquidated thug who had long been stolen in the Utena district, chasing people and demanding tribal tribute. When he was arrested, Kraujel resisted the gun and was killed during the shooting.


For security officers, Bloody-Horror was like a curse;

The book by J. Šyvokienė "Life at home

Even before death, he was released not only by the thief, but also by the killer A. Kraujelis-Siaubūnas. However, even after Lithuania regained its independence, it was blamed for the massacre of civilians. Contrary to abstract, repetitive and intertwined documents recorded in KGB interrogations, similar charges against A. Ramanauskas-Vanagas, J. Žemaiitis-Vytautas or other party leaders, J. Kraujel-Siaubunas are more specific in the allegations: personally shot or involved in shooting of 11 civilians his two pregnant women.

Any mention of A. Krauelis-Siaubūnas in a positive context is particularly sensitive to former SSD chief Jurgis Jurgelis, who has repeatedly spoken on this subject. Historian A. Anušauskas DELFI pointed out that he did not personally investigate the case of A. Krauelis-Siaubūnas, but at the same time noted that there is no evidence of such indiscriminate evidence of such partisan actions, and can never be revealed.

"Interpretation may be what you want, but if you look at the circumstances of the time, it can help you understand what really happened: the fight against the occupiers who used all means: misinformation, defamation and torture," stressed Anushauskas .

Family Pillar and Intelligent Intelligence

It was not as partisan as J. Žemaitis-Vytautas or A. Ramanauskas-Vanagas – professional officers who served in the Lithuanian army between wars. A. Krauelis was the son of a farmer of a large family, not military, he needed to feed the family.

His sister Janina Šyvokienė-Kraujeytė wrote a book, "Living a Life for the Motherland," in which she described in detail the life, the manner and the actions of her brother. A. Kraujelis was born in 1928. 28 October Molėtai Parish in the village of Kaniūkai.

"Antanas was our second child in our family." – Ona, two years younger than Antan Vitaly and four more younger sisters: Angel, Bronze, Janina, Stefania and Bronius Brother who, at the age of ten, died of diphtheria.

The twins Constance and Alfons, who lived for 3 to 4 weeks, also died, so the Antanas family was the only paternal pillar. There were lots of people at home and few people working. The children had to be nurtured, cared for, cared for, "wrote J. Šyvokienė-Kraujeytė.

Antana was described by Sister Vitaly as a very responsible and disciplined will, he learned well, loved to play ball, sing. In addition, the possible partisan was able to agree, managed to communicate well with the people and treated the elders with respect, but hated fraudsters, liars, traitors.


For security officers, Bloody-Horror was like a curse;

J. Šyvokienė's book "Life in the Fatherland"

"It is the sacred duty of every Lithuanian to strive for freedom, faith, truth, his people. It is not the man who floats – you have chosen the path and the mark! "Kraujel told his sister. A graduate of the 6th department of Progymnasium in 1945 he wanted to go to Debeikiai (district of Utena) and get a job as a waiter in the restaurant, but security would not let him go.

The guerrillas were soon noticed by the guerrillas who learned to keep their language behind Antanas: he was the first to become a communicator, an ammunition weapon and less frequent home visits. He was not alone in the family – Sister Ona was also a party liaison.

Finally, in the autumn of 1948, as J. Šyvokienė writes, when stewards and guardians approached and there were more frequent suggestions to become a spy, he bid farewell to his father, mother, sister, took the party oath, and went to the squadron back Mikola Urbonas-Liepas. He chose the monster's nickname, later called Terror. True, in their tongues he raised not the horror, but the inspiration.

"Antanas was not good-natured, he was eloquent. In words, he painted future visions, told how people would live in a free state, how a village would flourish and farms would grow stronger. optimism, and language, ignited her neighbors by preventing a conversation about a sadder subject, even though she knew there was an unequal struggle with the occupation regime, "wrote the party's sister.


For security officers, Bloody-Horror was like a curse;

© DELFI / Karolina Pansevic

For more than a year he did not guide party security. The first record of the State Security Ministry of the USSR (hereinafter referred to as "MGB") appeared only in 1950. It was when the case of Antanas Kraujelis (Monster, Terror) was released.

In the history of guerrilla-guerrilla activity, an exploratory mission was especially important – observing, discovering, tracking down the enemy and reporting it to the party leadership, destroying important documents from the NKGB (State Security Commission of the USSR) with lists of exiles , persecuted people and collaborators of the KGB. Arrange the ambush and destroy the Bolsheviks.

Blame the murder of civilians and best friend

The last task was the blotching cause of A. Kraujel's biography. It is precisely the murder of a civilian population, specifically the Giants, who suspect that Pranas and his pregnant wife, Leokadia, are guilty of guerrillas (8 guerrillas were killed in the ghetto house and the owner himself, suddenly disappeared from the farm.) and 9 more people.

It is true that there is no concrete evidence that it was A. Kraujel-Siaubūnas who killed the Geschwitz family – there are only KGB statements extracted by questioning. There were a growing number of such statements every year – including Kraut's alleged robberies, attacks on civilians and the killings he had recorded by security agents. The Lithuanian Genocide and Resistance Research Center (LGGRTC) intends to seek law enforcement to launch further investigation into crimes committed against supporters.

According to A. Anušausas, talking about A. Kraujelis-Siaubūnas is not easy now, because this person has been hidden for 17 years under difficult conditions, when the previous communication system did not work, it was necessary to communicate through personal contacts, even when the KGB applied to them. It was the latter who transformed the party legend in such a way that any man could be marked by the most horrible things.

"For five decades, a strong fog blew out that even when those people who were hit by the Soviets returned from exile, they did not blame the occupiers, but the partisans for resistance. In this case, the controversy arises from the action when he was hiding alone, when there were no commanders or, in his case, the commanders had become traitors.

For civilian deaths, each case is not seriously investigated. I did not investigate his activities separately, but it can be said that he was the last fighter, and if he is a hero, society itself gives such epithets.

When it is said that there are specific cases and accusations, it often happens – there have been specific cases where the alleged civilians were armed to betray the partisans, but now, after five decades, some circumstances are difficult to discover because we do not know the reasons and the reason logic. we did not know the specific circumstances, "said Anušauskas, who recalled that the Kremlin rupees would definitely be trumpets about" bandit, civil killer Kraujel, "but as with Ramanauskas-Vanago, we can expect to ignore facts.


For security officers, Bloody-Horror was like a curse;

The book by J. Šyvokienė "Life at home

One case that Mr. Kraujel himself lamented was the murder of his best childhood friend Edmund Satkūnas. It is true that, in this case, everything was determined by circumstances: E. Satkūnas, occupied by the Soviets, was longtime supporter of the party, worked as vice president of the collective farm and had attempted to slaughter Krauj, but only injured him.

"Edmund Satkūnas brought a bottle of vodka, both of them drank amicably.Antanas later said that Edmund was suspect – worried, worried.As much as he speaks, Antanas says," I will. "It was only when he began to return to his shots Antanas felt hurt in his chest, "I thought the soldiers were." Suddenly, I look at Edmund with a terrible look, staring at me.

I got off the machine. It was still possible to find a loud voice and it fell, "said Antanas, whose testimony is described in his sister's book.In the protocol, security forces wrote that Edmund Satkun was" very drunk, so he did not kill the bandit. " Kraujel never denied the fact that he had shot a young boyfriend, hardly survived his betrayal.

Soviet security officers silenced and deceived

Kraujelis-Siaubūnas himself made the occupants more horrific, rather than horrified-he not only failed to capture or arrest so many other supporters, but he also openly ridiculed the security guards.

Security officials received notes in which the partisan wrote: "… I do not categorically cite Lithuania's voluntary adherence to the Soviet Union." Party accounts with securities were also direct.

In addition, he wrote warning letters to Soviet activists who do not ask for harm to people. Those who knew him told stories of a completely different kind than Soviet security officers – not a thief or a human criminal – but an educated man who never rushed, asked for food or a night's lodging. He even coincided well with the presidents of some of the collective farms, the brigades that took the food, the grain, but always left a signed note so that no one else would suffer.

In the often missed notes, he wrote that he took several more times and that people needed to live. Signed nicknamed Siaubūnas, he never hid what he was.
"11 Rye and wheat are taken. The local followers, "then under a nickname was signed by the Terror. On the next note found after the theft of Downhill Shop, a warning was left:" Do not touch many hosts, they are not innocent. Your fault is like you. I used the goods. Blood horror.


For security officers, Bloody-Horror was like a curse;

The book by J. Šyvokienė "Life at home

Some of them rushed to use this glory: there were criminals who, under the name of Antanas Krauelis, demanded money from the population. Not one night later, they found a note to bring and help a certain amount of money to a designated place on a given day.

Cousin Jonas Kraujelis said that Antanas had face-to-face contact with one of the villagers in the village, with Lewis, the head of security in Skudutiškis. Antanas was hiding in a person. He was lying in the furnace when the security officer entered the bag without any suspicion. Antanas suddenly closed the door and said, "Put the machine in the corner."

The Russian soldier's uniform, often dressed on remote roads, stopped the car and asked for a ride. In addition, the supporter of characteristics Gentle at least once escaped from the security guards using Vytautas, the Great Trick – dressed in women's clothing.

The pages of the KGB documents show the names, surnames and pseudonyms of the agents recruited. Almost all names in the same reference: "Targeted for Exploring the Terror".

1953 The report of the KGB Division of Utena District says: "Wolf, Katia, Marytė, Brave, Spoke, Far, Jushka, Stone, Gusev are working to discover the horror. (…) Look for Šautuvas, Vytautas, Kačinskas, but no positive results have been received so far. (…) The courageous accompaniment of Chişi farm and meets with him periodically, but there is no result. The KGB documents for several years found that, in addition to the security guards, Kraujel was searching for about 20 agents in each surrounding area, while the party KGB case consisted of four volumes.

The last fight decided not to give up

However, conditions for guerrilla warfare deteriorated – if all methods were not in place before the cautious Kraujel, most of the other partisans were broken by treason, intimidation of their relatives, brutal interrogations, or bullying. In addition, in 1964 in your case, there are many charges of murder, terrorist acts. Comrades in prison, surrendered and legalized took all the blame for A. Kraujel.

1964 In December 2008, operational data were received that the Partisans could hide in the village of Papiškės in Pinkevičius. Antanas Pinkevičius was married to Anna's wife, Anna's wife, Janina. Antanas Pinkevičius was previously sentenced to 10 years in the field for partisan support. After returning to the ranch next March, the security officers finally pushed A. Kraujel into his hiding place under the fireplace. During the attack, A. Pinkevičius was wounded by the dead – he was accidentally killed by the Terror, two security officers were injured.

Operation participants handed a note to Antanas Kraujelis through Ona Pinkevičienė, in which he was offered to surrender and aid the gun, saying that Kraujel would be released from punishment. According to the sister, he took note, read, smiled, "Immediately, I'm going to give the mascots!" – I thought, "says Janina," Maybe you will give up, maybe everything will end up happy?!


For security officers, Bloody-Horror was like a curse;

The book by J. Šyvokienė "Life at home

He turned to me and said, "I will never give up on pets, do not be afraid, you will have nothing, get Antanas, do not throw away." I did not get freedom, but people got it. I still moved behind my hands, I kissed, I took out my watch, I put it in my hand.

On the spot, Kraujel's bodily identification operation was led by KGB lieutenant-in-chief Marijonas Misiukonis, who later became an independent minister of the Interior of Lithuania and a judge, but was acquitted of genocide in the case of A. Kraujel.

The operation was led by violent party torture N. Dushansky. Security guards captured everything in detail in the search report.

Details of what was found in the cache and pockets of A. Kraueli, including the length of the pencil. In addition, he had confiscated: uniform guitar, set of masks, German vending machine, PPS machine, cartoon vending machine, military compass, pocket flashlight, handmade bag to carry ammunition, cans in which partisan was holding a gun , granada RG 42, Belgian pistol, blade, fork, camera, sheet, tablet, two photos (one with Janina), a tricolor embroidered on the uniform sleeve with the inscription: "My work and strength for the well-being of the Lithuania Homeland" .

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