News of Yemen Hypoglycemia refers to low levels of sugar or glucose in the blood, and may indicate a health problem.In this report we know the causes and symptoms of hypoglycemia, according to medical news today.
What is hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia occurs when there is not enough sugar in the blood, according to the American Diabetes, Gastroenterology and Kidney Institute. The symptoms of hypoglycemia usually occur when blood sugar levels are below 70 milligrams per deciliter.
Causes of hypoglycemia
Hypoglycaemia can occur for a variety of reasons, including:
Blood sugar regulation
The digestive system breaks down carbohydrates from food and molecules created by glucose, which is the main source of energy in your body, where glucose enters the bloodstream after eating. However, glucose requires insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, which means that even if there is too much glucose, the cell will need energy if there is no insulin.
After eating, the pancreas automatically releases the right amount of insulin to carry the glucose into the cells, and when glucose enters the cells, blood sugar levels fall.
Any extra glucose goes to the liver and muscle in the form of stored glycogen or glucose, the body can use that glucose later when it needs more energy.
Insulin is responsible for restoring blood sugar levels back to normal.
If glucose levels are reduced because the individual has not eaten for a while, the pancreas secretes glycogen – another hormone – leading to the breakdown of glycogen stored in the glucose.
The body then releases glycogen into the bloodstream, returning glucose levels again.
Hypoglycemia and diabetes
Both type I and type II diabetes have a problem with insulin.
Type I Diabetes: Cell damage that produces insulin usually means that the body can not produce insulin, which causes the sugar to fall.
Type 2 Diabetes: The body's cells do not respond adequately to insulin or the pancreas may not release enough insulin.
In both types of diabetes, the cells do not get enough energy.
People with type 1 diabetes and some type 2 people need to take insulin or other drugs to lower blood sugar levels.
If the dose is too high, blood sugar levels may drop, leading to hypoglycaemia.
Hypoglycaemia can also occur if a person exercises more than normal or does not eat enough.
One does not need to increase their dose to have too much insulin in the body, it may be the insulin they have eaten more than the body's need at that time.
Insulin and other drugs can lead to hypoglycaemia.
Autoimmune insulin disease
Another possible cause of hypoglycemia is autoimmune insulin syndrome, a rare disease that occurs when the body's immune system attacks insulin and makes mistakes when it takes undesirable substances.
Causes of hypoglycemia
Other Causes of Sugar Drop
People may suffer from hypoglycemia for other reasons.
Some drugs: like some medicines for rheumatism or high blood pressure.
– Alcohol consumption: Drinking large amounts of alcohol can cause the liver to stop releasing stored glucose into the bloodstream.
– Some diseases of the liver: Hepatitis caused by drugs can lead to hypoglycemia, because it affects the liver.
– Kidney disease: People with kidney problems may encounter problems that can lead to low blood sugar levels.
– Not eating enough food, people suffering from eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa, can suffer a drastic reduction in blood sugar levels.
Fasting or losing a meal can lead to low blood sugar levels.
– Increased activity: Increased levels of physical activity can lower blood sugar levels for some time.
Endocrine Problems: Some adrenal and pituitary disorders can lead to hypoglycemia.
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