Faisal Al-Hafian: More than half of our manuscripts are outside the Arab world



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Director of the Institute of Arabic manuscripts asks for the enactment of legal legislation to prevent its sale

The Arab Manuscripts Institute will be the guest of honor at the 15th edition of the International Book Fair of Alexandria. The Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (ALESCO) was established in 1946 under the guidance of the Arabic Literature Dean Taha Hussein to serve the Arabic heritage of the manuscript. «Middle East» met d. Faisal Al-Hafian, director of the Institute of Arabic Manuscripts, author of many books in the field of linguistics and historical patrimony, which spoke about the role of the Institute as a house of Arab experience in the field of manuscripts and the latest publications and celebration of the day of the Arabic manuscript and its focus on "Dialogue text:

> The choice of the Institute of Arabic manuscripts as guest of honor for the Book Fair of Alexandria is an indication of interest in the manuscript as a container of knowledge, not just an inheritance?

– The Book Fair in Alexandria is an extension of the history of interest in science, a scientific capital from the ancient world. Of course, the existence of the Institute as guest of honor is an indication of interest in manuscripts as a field of valuable knowledge in the era of knowledge, after the inheritance of the first half of the last century received great attention, gradually declined and dominated the view of the manuscript such as paper and equity. But it is time to spread awareness of the value of Arabic manuscripts and educate Arab citizens about the need to separate history and heritage. History may die, but the inheritance remains alive.

> Can interest in the manuscript go back to the IT landscape or are the challenges still great?

– Today I see an awareness of the value of heritage, after the dazzle of the products of Western civilization. I believe that the true competitor of knowledge and culture may be the picture, but it helps to the extent that it poses danger, represents a fragile culture, it is necessary to establish an awareness of the rich Arab heritage.

> In your opinion, can exploitation of heritage and exploration help to improve the image of the Arabs in the world?

– Certainly, especially as we face the attack on the symbols of Islamic civilization, and we find appeal to the Bukhari and Salahuddin, and others … But do not forget that they "credit what the enemies recognized." The lights of the European renaissance were based on Latin heritage and Arab-Islamic heritage. Unfortunately, the West has read our heritage more than we do, and has studied it in its universities so far, and its readings, although deep, are not reading with Arab eyes, reading with the Arab eye is undoubtedly different, especially in terms of language and understanding of their purposes. Caring for wealth does not mean living in it, but rather seeking the fuel for the future and employing and benefiting from it. Any rebirth should be based on fundamentals, even those that do not have a language or a history that make up language and history.

> What is the Institute's strategy in selecting and indexing the manuscripts being indexed?

We have over 200 books, and last year we published about 40 titles in different branches of knowledge. We always take care of the holistic view, which heritage must be taken all over, not just focus on scientific or literary manuscripts. There are more than 300 second scholars the Arab bibliography. There are manuscripts in jurisprudence, medicine, pharmacy, sociology and others. What is wrong with previous stages is that the focus has been on the heritage of the religious, literary and monetary sciences and the scientific heritage of the manuscript, the most neglected branches of knowledge, because those specialized in medicine need to reach various linguistic and cognitive components and knowledge of modern medical achievements to clarify the value of the manuscript and refer to it. Arab civilization and its mental production are among the most important achievements in the history of mankind, and its value is near and renewed, not a tycoon in history. Many Latin and Greek legacies no longer exist.

> There are several publications focusing on Iraqi, Syrian and other manuscripts: what is the role of the Institute in relation to lost manuscripts?

There is no doubt that the inheritance of the manuscript is the most fragile inheritance, unlike the stone statues … There is no doubt that the movement that occurred in the Arab countries has greatly affected and damaged many Arabic manuscripts, such as the Waqf library in Aleppo, Syria, In Baghdad, the Iraq Museum in Baghdad, the Mosul Library and Yemen have lost many manuscripts that are treasures that we must preserve. Legislation exists, but is not implemented, and we seek the existence of legal legislation that prevents the "secrecy" of manuscripts, they are like effects, and should remain in places where they were found historically.

> What is the axis of the day of the Arabic manuscript in its seventh year?

– Arab Manuscript Day, which takes place on April 4 of each year in its seventh session this year, we raised the slogan "abandoned manuscripts" to look at this issue of legal, jurisprudential and historical aspects, so that the issue remains a problem because more than half of our Arabic manuscripts, outside the Arab world, emerged over the centuries, will be held within the activities of the day of the Arabic manuscript 3 exposures: the first of manuscript manuscripts, the second, the tools of manuscript manufacture Arabic and conservation, and the third edition of the Institute of Arabic manuscripts.

> What does it mean to say that "the manuscript's heritage is renewed"?

– The manuscript of human memory, not the property of Arabs and Muslims, but the property of humanity. Every day there are new manuscripts that have been kept in houses, in the dome of a mosque or elsewhere. There are estimates that there are 5 million Arabic manuscripts, or a minimum of one million, while there are about 50,000 Greek manuscripts and 300,000 manuscripts Latino So far, there is no heritage awareness map, the reason for shortening heritage agencies in the Arab world, and the second reason is a renewed heritage. Families in Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania and Yemen keep manuscripts until they wear out and corrupt themselves. Policy makers should be aware that this heritage is collected, restored, and preserved.

> What is the latest version of Arabic Manuscripts Institute?

– The most recent edition of the Institute "The dispute between the wise", dating back to the seventh century AH, the book is a philosophical science, a virtual dialogue between a philosopher and a chemist, and comes in a series of books Muwaffaq al-Baghdadi , and issued by the book 'two pages', and directs severe criticism from the sages, is a proof of scientific mobility in the seventh century AH, although it is a century that has been accused of lethargy and lethargy, and the fact that it is not.

> Has the Institute taken steps towards e-publishing and launched the 'Heritage' initiative, which are the target groups?

– The project arose from the idea that the young people do not find anyone to publish it, with the expense of publication, as well as the publication of works takes a long time, so we aimed at young people who want to publish their research quickly, , and be scientific partners, and published on the Institute's website, We plan to publish the books and search on a special website. There are academic articles, cultural essays, university transcripts, and reprinted books, printed in the early twentieth century and printed, and we try to get them out properly.

> What are the Institute's partnerships with cultural institutions and specialized institutes?

– We have partnerships with traditional institutions, both inside and outside the Arab world, and we publish a magazine about 68 years old, to be published soon, published 124 times and that the Orientalists are interested in publishing it. . We also have many partnerships, including an extensive partnership with Al-Azhar Al-Sharif and Bibliotheca Alexandrina, for joint publication or exchange of rare manuscripts, and the establishment of courses and seminars over the last two decades through the Library's Manuscript Center.

What are the Institute's future projects?

– The major transformation of the work of the Institute is to make heritage an academic work, and we offer "Arabic manuscript diploma" as an independent field of knowledge, in which cataloging and research, and manuscript arts, restoration, legislation … A mass of knowledge that involves the manuscript; He does not care about the pot. This is not true because the historical vessel affects knowledge in the matter of documentation, the question of control and addition.

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