"2. Type 1 diabetes is a metabolic disease that causes the body to develop insulin incorrectly. Consequently, insulin may be insufficient in the body, may be normal or even elevated, but insulin use in cells is disrupted and the sugar level in the blood remains high.Acucar can not be avoided by reducing or eliminating sweets from the menu.To avoid disease, it is necessary to provide conditions in which the body can function normally, explains the pharmacist.
Maintain normal body weight
Normal body weight improves the rational use of insulin in the body. On the other hand, being overweight is considered the main risk factor for the development of diabetes for both women and men. As the body becomes obese, the size and number of fat cells increase, which complicates the penetration of glucose into the cells, which requires an increasing amount of insulin – the pancreas can not produce it in the required amount. With the increased need for insulin, the metabolism changes and the body starts to malfunction. The risk of developing diabetes is also determined by the placement of fat in the body. Higher obesity (apple obesity) increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus more than the oblique part of the body (pear).
»Expert advice for seniors on how to maintain lifestyle and well-being
For diabetes prevention, foods that provide all the necessary nutrients and minerals are valuable, but do not stimulate excessive accumulation of pounds. Each meal should be made according to the call the principle of the dish, where half of a dish is meant for vegetables. Vegetables should be fresh. If you are preparing salads, without greasy sauces, they can be served with light olive oil and citrus fruit sauce. ¼ The dish should be provided for protein products – meat, fish, dairy, eggs, vegetables and ¼ carbohydrates – for starch-rich products. Good choices are whole wheat products such as whole wheat pasta, brown rice, grains and grains.
It is recommended to use a small amount of healthy (unsaturated) fats, such as olive oil, rape or flaxseed oil, for the preparation of meals. The best choice for cooking is the oven or sauté where the food can be cooked without excess fat. Excessive consumption of heavy meat, cakes, pastries, chocolate and other sweets should be avoided. It should be at least 2 liters of water. It is advisable to plan regular meals and avoid cheating between meals in order to keep the menu healthy and balanced.
Adhere to a sufficient amount of physical activity
A physically active lifestyle is the key to succeed in avoiding various health problems, including type 2 diabetes. A sufficient amount of physical activity needs to be followed especially by those who perform the office work and spend their daily lives seated frequently . The movements help not only reduce weight, but as the person moves more, more muscles consume energy (glucose), which leads to a decrease in sugar level. It is important to have physical activity every day or at least 5 days a week. This does not mean that you have to go to the gym every day, it is ideal to spend 20 minutes on exercises or take a 30 to 60 minute walk.