As the weather gets colder, one of the diseases that older people need to know about is osteoporosis, which is a painful season for hands, feet and bones, and also causes aging, including aging of calcium in bones, weakening bone strength. and the openings in the bones. It is a skeletal disease that can easily be fractured due to falls in everyday life. In particular, osteoporotic patients can easily develop fractures of the wrist, spine and hip joints.
Osteoporosis has increased by 18.4% over the past five years, according to the National Institutes of Health Insurance Review, the number of osteoporosis patients has increased by over 30,000 from 82,700 in 2014 to 85,4,215 in 2016 and 97,2,196 in 2018. Significantly increased.
Osteoporosis can be caused by many factors such as aging, drugs, malnutrition, genetic factors, chronic diseases, drinking and smoking. Bone density is higher in people in their 20s and 30s, and as they get older their bone volume decreases and they also develop long-term steroid drugs, antispasmodic drugs and excessive thyroid hormones. Also, many people who take anticancer medicines, etc. Therefore, patients with chronic diseases such as endocrine disorders, thyroid disease, rheumatism, etc. must be careful.
Yoon Hyung-jo, director of the Spine Joint Center, H. Plus Yangji Hospital, said: “To prevent osteoporosis, blood tests, urine and bone density tests should be performed to examine bone formation and bone absorption.” “How osteoporosis has no obvious self-awareness. It is recommended that men and women over 60 and postmenopausal women undergo osteoporosis tests every 1-2 years. "
In addition, Yun said: "Bone formation is about 70 to 80% because genetic factors affect you, so if you have a family history of osteoporosis, it is essential to have an osteoporosis test."
About 94% of osteoporosis patients are women, women decrease male hormones after menopause, resulting in lower bone density due to increased bone resorption, making them vulnerable to fractures and easily exposed to osteoporosis. Unlike women, men have no menopause because they have no menopause, but as age increases the intake of calcium in the gut, which reduces bone formation.
The prevalence of osteoporosis is only 7.5% for 50-year-old men, but women are 37.3%, a 5-fold difference. In particular, 68.5% of women over 70 are patients with osteoporosis, overwhelmingly higher than men (18%). The incidence of osteoporosis fractures is also 207 women per 10,000, three times higher than 64 men.
To protect your bone health, strength training and walking exercises are essential for more than 30 minutes a day, and related exams such as bone density tests are essential for high-risk middle-aged and postmenopausal women. develop the disease. Older people should pay special attention to falls.
Yoon Hyung-jo, the center's director, said: "Patients at high risk of fracture need medication. Drug treatment is an inhibitor of bone resorption, which reduces bone breakage and increases bone formation by administering bone stimulators. "
To prevent osteoporosis, you can also help eat calcium-rich milk, protein-rich cheese, shiitake mushrooms that help with calcium absorption, magnesium-rich walnuts, and blood improvement.
Jae-Seung Lee Journalist, Medical Specialist, email@example.com