A streptococcal infection has reduced the death of a two-year-old girl living in Trentino. Admitted to S. Chiara for what initially appeared to be a small infection, her condition deteriorated dramatically within a few hours, forcing doctors to transfer to Verona, where she was still hospitalized for pediatric resuscitation. . Doctors talk about septic shock, caused by a blood infection, has spread to the point of adversely affecting the functionality of vital organs. These are decisive times for the child, beside which, day and night, his parents pray and wait.
From the first findings, the child would have contracted a streptococcal infection, but it would take a few more hours to understand the type of streptococcus that caused sepsis.
The child was taken to hospital in a situation that initially did not seem particularly critical. Fever, malaise and after a first consultation in the emergency room, she was admitted to the pediatric ward where the doctors began the investigation of the case and began to treat her for the infection in progress. The only help he needed was light breathing help. He was reactive, aware and nothing predicted that the situation would be precipitated in a few hours.
On Thursday afternoon, on the other hand, her condition began to deteriorate, the child was transferred to Neonatology for a closer inspection and then, during the night, her transfer of helicopter to the hospital in Verona was decided where there is resuscitation. pediatric. The child, due to septic shock, had cardiac arrest. Then his heart began to beat again, but the vital organs continued in pain. In Verona, it is now monitored by machines 24 hours a day. Doctors talk about a critical situation and, unfortunately, it is impossible at the moment to make predictions.
But what happens when septic shock is triggered?
Firstly, it should be said that streptococcus is a fairly widespread bacterium that can be limited to causing a simple sore throat until it has very serious consequences, as for the little girl. When the infection is triggered, the toxins are released and spread in the blood, reaching into organs and tissues. At that point, the body's response may be adequate or excessive. In this second case, the body responds in an exaggerated and abnormal way and it is he who causes damages to the various organs until the septic shock. From the study of numerous statistical analyzes, it is clear that the patients most affected by septic shock are undoubtedly young and old children, since their immune system, not perfectly formed or weakened, is not able to deal efficiently with infections.
Now he hopes to understand also what type of pneumococcus affects the small because the family of these bacteria is very large. The most important is the group A hemolytic beta, responsible for one of the most frequent pathologies in the pediatric age group, such as acute pharyngitis-tonsillitis. Streptococcus pneumoniae or pneumococcus, for which the vaccine exists, is also part of the family. This is also a very common bacterium that is commonly found in the upper respiratory tract of healthy children and adults and which is the organism most frequently responsible for acute otitis media in children. In rare cases, however, it is also the cause of sepsis and meningitis (excluded in the case of small ones).